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2 The Earliest Americans
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2 The Earliest Americans

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  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
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  • Mr.Rogers you fail lol.
    You forgot to put B.C. after 20,000 to 50,000
    on the second slide xD ...sorry i was bored P:
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  • 1. The First Americans
  • 2. In the beginning
    • Archaeologists believe people first came to America 20,000 to 50,000
    • Crossed the land bridge at the Bearing Sea
    • First Americans had no written records
    • Archaeologists dig to find artifacts (tools, weapons, bones, etc..) to learn about ancient people
  • 3. South Western Natives
    • Between 8,000 and 5,000 B.C. agriculture developed
    • Natives gave up their nomadic lifestyle and started to settle in one place
    • Having a dependable food supply led to a population explosion and more time for developing socially, and politically
  • 4. South Western Natives
    • The Anasazi was one of the first civilizations to develop in the southwest
    • They built huge apartment complexes along cliffs
    • Today’s descendants include Zuni, Hopi, and Pueblo
  • 5. Mound Builders
    • Lived near Ohio and Mississippi rivers
    • Built mounds sometimes 50 ft high
    • Found pearls from Pacific suggest they were excellent traders
    • Moundbuilders were brilliant metalworkers and sculptors
  • 6. Iroquois Nation
    • Settled in the north eastern forests
    • Hunter, Gatherers, farmers
    • Corn, beans, and squash
    • Lived in long houses
    • A 5 nation alliance called the League of the Iroquois
    • Iroquois’s ideas of government influence American Government
  • 7. Great Plains Native
    • Dakota, Blackfeet, and Crow used buffalo as a source of food, clothing and shelter
    • Nomadic life was tough following the buffalo herds
    • The Great plains are flat and treeless
    • Hunted buffalo to survive without horses
  • 8. North West Natives
    • Food was plentiful
    • Fish from the ocean, animals and nuts and berries from the forest
    • Used wood in many ways
    • Built sturdy multi-family dwellings along narrow beaches or river shores
    • Travel by water was common, craftsmen built sea-worthy canoes from hollowed-out logs
  • 9. Three Worlds Meet
    • In 1492 Columbus lands at Hispaniola (Haiti) and claimed he had found a shortcut to India
    • Columbus died believing he had found the western passage
    • The first Europeans, Vikings arrived in America 500 years earlier
  • 10. Early Portuguese Dominance
    • Prince Henry the Navigator, rounds West Africa capturing a direct trade in gold and enslaved persons.
    • Eventually, the Portuguese sailed all the way around Africa and onward to India and Asia
    • Two new inventions helped the quadrant, and the Lateen-rigged caravel
  • 11.