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16 The Home Front
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16 The Home Front

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  • 1. Objective: Analyze the effect of World War II on life in the United States
  • 2.
    • Many civilians joined the Office of Civilian Defense as Air raid wardens, spotters, coast watchers
    • The government rationed key items
    • Others grew victory gardens
    • Many collected materials for the war like paper, rubber, and metal
    • The media ran programs promoting the war in movies, news reels, books, newspapers and comics
  • 3.
    • The National War Labor Board controlled wages and watched inflation
    • The Office of Price Administration controlled prices of goods
    • In an effort to pay for the war Congress passed the first federal income tax
    • The government also sold war bonds
  • 4.
    • During the war years many Americans moved around the country to find jobs
    • 1.4 million people moved to the west coast
    • Many people moved from the country to the cities
    • Over population in cities and boomtowns lead to an increase to social tensions
  • 5.
    • In June of 1943 race riots broke out in Detroit between Blacks and Whites resulting in the army being called in to restore order
    • Zoot Suit Riots- In L.A. race riots broke out between Hispanics and Whites
    • Order was restored after the Navy was confined to their base and the city outlawed Zoot suits
  • 6.
    • The war led civil rights groups to develop new forms of protest against these injustices
    • A. Philip Randolph led the movement for African American equality
    • Randolph organized a march on Washington to protest job discrimination in the war industry
    • Roosevelt responded by ending discrimination in companies that receive federal contracts
  • 7.
    • After Pearl Harbor Japanese Americans are forced into Interment camps
    • 112,000 were forced to move to the camps
    • 33,000 served during war in Europe
    • 442 nd Regimental Combat Team fought while their families were in interment camps
    • 21 members of the 442 nd earned Medals of Honor for bravery
  • 8.
    • Many lost everything they had including homes, farms, and businesses
    • Many had to sell everything earning as little as 5 cents on the dollar
    • People lived in dusty plywood barracks with no heating and air
    • Temperatures ranged from -30 degrees in the winter to 106 degrees in the summer
  • 9.
    • Who organized a march on Washington to protest discrimination?
    • Ans. A. Philip Randolph
    • Who was forced to relocate to interment camps after Pearl Harbor?
    • Ans. Japanese-Americans
    • What was the purpose of the Lend-Lease Act?
    • Ans. Gives supplies to the Allies
  • 10.
    • What was the name of the strategy used to defeat the Japanese in the Pacific?
    • Ans. The Allies strategy was called Island Hopping
    • Why did the Allies decide to defeat Hitler first?
    • Ans. He was considered the greater threat
    • What amendment started Prohibition?
    • Ans. 18 th Amendment