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15.1 The Road To War

15.1 The Road To War






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    15.1 The Road To War 15.1 The Road To War Presentation Transcript

    • The Road to War Objective: Analyze the events that lead to the beginning of World War II
    • The Causes of WWII
      • The Treaty of Versailles was too harsh Germans were angry about reparations, lack of military
      • League of Nations was too weak
      • The rise of Totalitarian governments (dictators)
      • Nationalism and Imperialism
      • Militarism
    • Rise of Dictators
      • Benito Mussolini (El Duce)
      • Fascist leader of Italy
      • Believed nation and race were more important than the individual
      • Used ruthless tactics to destroy his opponents
      • Became a totalitarian dictator controlling all aspects of Italian life
      • Italy invades Ethiopia League of Nations does nothing
    • Rise of Dictators
      • Adolf Hitler (Führer)
      • Stop following the Treaty of Versailles
      • Begins building a huge military
      • Appeals to German Nationalism tells the German people they are the “Master Race”
      • Germany enters Rhineland in 1936 then took Austria
      • League of Nations does nothing
    • Aggression of Dictators
      • In Japan, military leaders made all important government decisions
      • 1931 Japan invades Manchuria for resources and later invades other parts of Asia
      • In 1941 General Hideki Tojo becomes a dictator
    • Prelude to War
      • 1936 Italy and Germany form an Alliance called the Axis Powers
      • 1940 Japans joins the Alliance
      • In 1938 Hitler states all German speaking people must form one country
      • Hitler invades Austria and then part of Czechoslovakia (Sudetenland)
    • Appeasement
      • Appeasement: giving someone what they want
      • Neville Chamberlain thought he could make peace
      • Chamberlain makes a deal with Hitler and returns to Britain with “Peace in our Time”
      • Six months later Hitler conquers the rest of Czechoslovakia
    • Hitler’s Next Move
      • After taking Czechoslovakia
      • Hitler wanted Poland
      • Hitler signs non-aggression pack with Soviets
    • The War Begins
      • Sept 1, 1939 Nazis invade Poland
      • Two days later Britain and France declare war
      • WWII begins
      • Blitzkrieg--- Lightning War
      • Making quick, surprise attacks using tanks and airplanes
    • Review
      • What is appeasement?
      • Ans. giving someone what they want
      • Germany signed a non-aggression pack with whom?
      • Ans. Soviet Union
      • This agency put people to work fighting soil erosion and building parks
      • Ans. Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC)