15.1 The Road To War

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15.1 The Road To War

  1. 1. The Road to War Objective: Analyze the events that lead to the beginning of World War II
  2. 2. The Causes of WWII <ul><li>The Treaty of Versailles was too harsh Germans were angry about reparations, lack of military </li></ul><ul><li>League of Nations was too weak </li></ul><ul><li>The rise of Totalitarian governments (dictators) </li></ul><ul><li>Nationalism and Imperialism </li></ul><ul><li>Militarism </li></ul>
  3. 3. Rise of Dictators <ul><li>Benito Mussolini (El Duce) </li></ul><ul><li>Fascist leader of Italy </li></ul><ul><li>Believed nation and race were more important than the individual </li></ul><ul><li>Used ruthless tactics to destroy his opponents </li></ul><ul><li>Became a totalitarian dictator controlling all aspects of Italian life </li></ul><ul><li>Italy invades Ethiopia League of Nations does nothing </li></ul>
  4. 4. Rise of Dictators <ul><li>Adolf Hitler (Führer) </li></ul><ul><li>Stop following the Treaty of Versailles </li></ul><ul><li>Begins building a huge military </li></ul><ul><li>Appeals to German Nationalism tells the German people they are the “Master Race” </li></ul><ul><li>Germany enters Rhineland in 1936 then took Austria </li></ul><ul><li>League of Nations does nothing </li></ul>
  5. 5. Aggression of Dictators <ul><li>In Japan, military leaders made all important government decisions </li></ul><ul><li>1931 Japan invades Manchuria for resources and later invades other parts of Asia </li></ul><ul><li>In 1941 General Hideki Tojo becomes a dictator </li></ul>
  6. 6. Prelude to War <ul><li>1936 Italy and Germany form an Alliance called the Axis Powers </li></ul><ul><li>1940 Japans joins the Alliance </li></ul><ul><li>In 1938 Hitler states all German speaking people must form one country </li></ul><ul><li>Hitler invades Austria and then part of Czechoslovakia (Sudetenland) </li></ul>
  7. 7. Appeasement <ul><li>Appeasement: giving someone what they want </li></ul><ul><li>Neville Chamberlain thought he could make peace </li></ul><ul><li>Chamberlain makes a deal with Hitler and returns to Britain with “Peace in our Time” </li></ul><ul><li>Six months later Hitler conquers the rest of Czechoslovakia </li></ul>
  8. 8. Hitler’s Next Move <ul><li>After taking Czechoslovakia </li></ul><ul><li>Hitler wanted Poland </li></ul><ul><li>Hitler signs non-aggression pack with Soviets </li></ul>
  9. 9. The War Begins <ul><li>Sept 1, 1939 Nazis invade Poland </li></ul><ul><li>Two days later Britain and France declare war </li></ul><ul><li>WWII begins </li></ul><ul><li>Blitzkrieg--- Lightning War </li></ul><ul><li>Making quick, surprise attacks using tanks and airplanes </li></ul>
  10. 10. Review <ul><li>What is appeasement? </li></ul><ul><li>Ans. giving someone what they want </li></ul><ul><li>Germany signed a non-aggression pack with whom? </li></ul><ul><li>Ans. Soviet Union </li></ul><ul><li>This agency put people to work fighting soil erosion and building parks </li></ul><ul><li>Ans. Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC) </li></ul>

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