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14 The New Deal
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14 The New Deal

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  • 1. Objective: Analyze how FDR brought America back from the brink and put it on the road to recovery
  • 2.
    • By 1932 Most Americans want a new President
    • Franklin D. Roosevelt (FDR) wins
    • Promises to end depression
    • Uses an informal group of advisers to solve Depression called the Brain Trust
    • Roosevelt closes banks for two days
    • Spend first 100 days working with Congress to pass many new programs
  • 3.
    • Roosevelt uses Fireside Chats to reassure Americans and to encourage them to keep their money in the banks
    • Three main goals: Relief, Recovery, Reform
    • Created many new agencies
    • CCC, FDIC, TVA, PWA, SEC, WPA, SSB
  • 4.
    • WPA (Works Progress Administration) built schools, libraries, and cultural projects
    • SSB (Social Security Board) gave a pension plan to people over age 65
    • TVA (Tennessee Valley Authority) Set up hydro- electric projects on the Tennessee River
    • CCC (Civilian Conservation Corps) gave jobs to unemployed youth of America also fought soil erosion and built parks
  • 5.
    • FERA (Federal Emergency Relief Administration) distributed 500 million in aid to local and state relief agencies
    • PWA (Public Works Administration) built roads, dams, sewage systems and government buildings
    • NRA (National Recovery Administration) Relaxed antitrust laws, shorten workers hours which caused more people to be hired, allowed unions
  • 6.
    • AAA(Agricultural Adjustment Administration) paid farmers not to grow crops
    • FDIC was created to insure bank deposits
    • The New Deal brought government closer to all of the American people
  • 7.
    • The New Deal brought government closer to all of the American people as well as…
    • Higher Taxes
    • Higher national debt
    • It helped Americans find relief from poverty
    • Built dams, roads, bridges, airports
    • Protected democracy
  • 8.
    • What agency set up a hydro electric projects on the Tennessee River?
    • Ans. TVA
    • Who gave Fireside chats to reassure Americans?
    • Ans. Franklin D. Roosevelt (FDR)
    • This agency put people to work fighting soil erosion and building parks
    • Ans. Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC)
  • 9.
    • This agency gave a pension to people 65 or older.
    • Ans. Social Security Board (SSB)
    • FDR’s informal; group of advisors were called?
    • Ans. The brain trust
  • 10.
    • Who as the founder of the Back to Africa movement?
    • Ans. Marcus Garvey
    • American culture was spread to other nations by?
    • Ans. radio and movies
    • What invention led to the spread of urban sprawl?
    • The Auto (car)