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13 Thousands Of Local Governments
 

13 Thousands Of Local Governments

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    13 Thousands Of Local Governments 13 Thousands Of Local Governments Presentation Transcript

    • Objective: Analyze the role local government plays in the lives of its citizens How: By guided note-taking via PowerPoint
      • October 17,1989
      • An earthquake struck San Francisco
      • Old buildings and highways collapsed all over the city
      • City Police and Fire units swing into action rescuing people trapped in the rubble
      • Fortunately, San Francisco's government passed laws requiring new construction to be earthquake proof
      • San Francisco is one of 83,000 local government
      • Local governments are created by the states
      • Local governments exist to solve local problems
      • People use local governments to apply for marriage licenses, attend local schools, public libraries, and provide police and fire services
      • Governments also provide safe drinking water, electric and gas utility service
      • All states except Connecticut and Rhode Island have county governments
      • Most counties are governed by a board with five to nine members who are elected
      • County governments include elected officials, such as the sheriff and a district attorney
      • County governments pass laws that meet local needs
      • Such as tax laws to collect taxes and provide services
      • ¾ of the nation’s people live in urban areas
      • There are approximately 20,000 municipal (city) governments
      • A city is governed by a city charter
      • A charter is a set of guidelines the city is run by
      • Most common form of city government is a mayor-council plan which has 2 forms and a council-manager plan
      • Mayor and council members are elected by voters
      • The mayor has many executive powers
      • The mayor can veto bills, appoint officials, make policies, and plan budgets
      • Mayor and council are elected by voters
      • Mayor has few powers
      • The council has most of the executive powers
      • Under this type of plan the council makes laws, appoints officials, plans the budget and creates policies
      • 8,000 cities have this type of government
      • Under this type of government there is a city council and a mayor with few executive powers
      • The city manager is chosen by the council and carries out the policies of the council
      • The manager also plan’s the budget, spends the money, and hires and fires city employees
      • After WWII, millions of Americans moved away from cities into nearby suburbs
      • Owning cars made it easier to commute to work
      • People moved to the suburbs for cheaper housing and a better life
      • City businesses and factories followed the people
      • Leaving the poor and needy in the cities as a result cities are forced to spend more on services for the needy
      • It is easier for people to work with local government compared to state and federal governments
      • Citizens can sign petitions to change laws as well as attending government meetings