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12 State Governments At Work
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  • 1. Objective: Understand the role of state government in the daily lives of its citizens How: By guided note-taking via PowerPoint
  • 2.
    • Each state makes laws to meet its special needs
    • In Montana many children live in rural areas
    • So the state legislature passed a law to allow 13 year olds to drive to the nearest bus stop
    • In most other states teenage drives must be 161/2 to drive
  • 3.
    • Every state but Nebraska has a two-house legislature where laws are made
    • Every state is apportioned into districts to ensure equal representation
    • Most state legislatures follow the same steps to pass state laws
  • 4.
    • After bills are passed they often go to the governor to be signed into law or vetoed
    • North Carolina is the only state where the governor can not veto a bill
  • 5.
    • In many states people can use initiatives or referendum to propose laws
    • A certain number of people must sign a petition to show support of the initiative
    • The initiative is then place on the ballot to be voted on
    • The proposition will become law if it receives a majority vote
  • 6.
    • Governors lead the executive branch in every state
    • Governors prepare state budgets they can call up the state’s National Guard for state emergencies
    • Some Governors have legislative and judicial powers
    • They can propose bills, veto laws, pardon criminals, and appoint judges
  • 7.
    • Governors are also the chief of their party
    • As well as the chief of the state
    • Most governors are college graduates
    • More than half are lawyers
    • 13 governors have been women
    • 1990 Douglas Wilder became the first black governor elected to office
    • In our history 16 governors have become President
  • 8.
    • In general there are three kinds of state courts
    • Trail courts hear evidence in criminal cases and civil cases
    • Court of Appeals decide if trail courts followed due process in criminal proceedings
    • State supreme court is the highest court in the state
    • All decisions are final unless it has something to do with the U.S. Constitution
  • 9.
    • Unlike federal judges, most state judges are elected by voters
    • ¼ of state judges are appoint by state governors
    • Finally some are appointed by state legislatures