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11 The Federal Court System
 

11 The Federal Court System

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    11 The Federal Court System 11 The Federal Court System Presentation Transcript

    • Objective: Analyze the development and structure of the Federal Court System
    • Jurisdiction of the Courts
      • U.S. judiciary consists of parallel systems of federal and state courts
      • Each state has its own system of courts
      • The federal system consists of the Supreme Courts and the lower federal courts
    • Jurisdiction of the Courts
      • Constitution gives federal courts jurisdiction to hear cases involving U.S. law, foreign nations, issues with the Constitution, and maritime law
      • Concurrent jurisdiction means both state and federal courts can here the case
    • Developing Supreme Court Power
      • Supreme Court has developed into the most powerful court in the world
      • Federal Courts can not initiate action they must wait for someone to bring a case before them.
    • Landmark Cases
      • Marbury vs. Madison(1803)- Gave Supreme Court the power of judicial review
      • Fletcher vs. Peck (1810)– extends judicial review to state laws
      • Gibbons vs. Ogden –(1824) broadened the meaning of interstate commerce
    • Judicial Review
      • Allows The Supreme Court to overturn any law that it decides is unconstitutional
      • Since 1803 the Court has overturn more than 100 laws
    • Structure of the Federal Courts
    • Supreme Court at Work
      • Nine judges decide the cases of the United States Supreme Court
      • The head of the Supreme Court is called the Chief Justice
      • Supreme Court works from October to June
    • Supreme Court at Work
      • Out of the 4500 cases submitted to the court only 200 will be heard
      • They only chose the most important cases
      • Each Justice studies the case and then they vote on a decision
    • Supreme Court at Work
      • There are four decisions the Supreme Court can make
      • 1. Decide whether laws passed by Congress are unconstitutional
      • 2. Decide whether State laws are unconstitutional
      • 3. Decide if the President’s actions are unconstitutional
      • 4. Decide how to settle problems between states