11 The Federal Court System

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11 The Federal Court System

  1. 1. Objective: Analyze the development and structure of the Federal Court System
  2. 2. Jurisdiction of the Courts <ul><li>U.S. judiciary consists of parallel systems of federal and state courts </li></ul><ul><li>Each state has its own system of courts </li></ul><ul><li>The federal system consists of the Supreme Courts and the lower federal courts </li></ul>
  3. 3. Jurisdiction of the Courts <ul><li>Constitution gives federal courts jurisdiction to hear cases involving U.S. law, foreign nations, issues with the Constitution, and maritime law </li></ul><ul><li>Concurrent jurisdiction means both state and federal courts can here the case </li></ul>
  4. 4. Developing Supreme Court Power <ul><li>Supreme Court has developed into the most powerful court in the world </li></ul><ul><li>Federal Courts can not initiate action they must wait for someone to bring a case before them. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Landmark Cases <ul><li>Marbury vs. Madison(1803)- Gave Supreme Court the power of judicial review </li></ul><ul><li>Fletcher vs. Peck (1810)– extends judicial review to state laws </li></ul><ul><li>Gibbons vs. Ogden –(1824) broadened the meaning of interstate commerce </li></ul>
  6. 6. Judicial Review <ul><li>Allows The Supreme Court to overturn any law that it decides is unconstitutional </li></ul><ul><li>Since 1803 the Court has overturn more than 100 laws </li></ul>
  7. 7. Structure of the Federal Courts
  8. 8. Supreme Court at Work <ul><li>Nine judges decide the cases of the United States Supreme Court </li></ul><ul><li>The head of the Supreme Court is called the Chief Justice </li></ul><ul><li>Supreme Court works from October to June </li></ul>
  9. 9. Supreme Court at Work <ul><li>Out of the 4500 cases submitted to the court only 200 will be heard </li></ul><ul><li>They only chose the most important cases </li></ul><ul><li>Each Justice studies the case and then they vote on a decision </li></ul>
  10. 10. Supreme Court at Work <ul><li>There are four decisions the Supreme Court can make </li></ul><ul><li>1. Decide whether laws passed by Congress are unconstitutional </li></ul><ul><li>2. Decide whether State laws are unconstitutional </li></ul><ul><li>3. Decide if the President’s actions are unconstitutional </li></ul><ul><li>4. Decide how to settle problems between states </li></ul>

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