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11 The Federal Court System
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11 The Federal Court System






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11 The Federal Court System 11 The Federal Court System Presentation Transcript

  • Objective: Analyze the development and structure of the Federal Court System
  • Jurisdiction of the Courts
    • U.S. judiciary consists of parallel systems of federal and state courts
    • Each state has its own system of courts
    • The federal system consists of the Supreme Courts and the lower federal courts
  • Jurisdiction of the Courts
    • Constitution gives federal courts jurisdiction to hear cases involving U.S. law, foreign nations, issues with the Constitution, and maritime law
    • Concurrent jurisdiction means both state and federal courts can here the case
    View slide
  • Developing Supreme Court Power
    • Supreme Court has developed into the most powerful court in the world
    • Federal Courts can not initiate action they must wait for someone to bring a case before them.
    View slide
  • Landmark Cases
    • Marbury vs. Madison(1803)- Gave Supreme Court the power of judicial review
    • Fletcher vs. Peck (1810)– extends judicial review to state laws
    • Gibbons vs. Ogden –(1824) broadened the meaning of interstate commerce
  • Judicial Review
    • Allows The Supreme Court to overturn any law that it decides is unconstitutional
    • Since 1803 the Court has overturn more than 100 laws
  • Structure of the Federal Courts
  • Supreme Court at Work
    • Nine judges decide the cases of the United States Supreme Court
    • The head of the Supreme Court is called the Chief Justice
    • Supreme Court works from October to June
  • Supreme Court at Work
    • Out of the 4500 cases submitted to the court only 200 will be heard
    • They only chose the most important cases
    • Each Justice studies the case and then they vote on a decision
  • Supreme Court at Work
    • There are four decisions the Supreme Court can make
    • 1. Decide whether laws passed by Congress are unconstitutional
    • 2. Decide whether State laws are unconstitutional
    • 3. Decide if the President’s actions are unconstitutional
    • 4. Decide how to settle problems between states