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10.2 Watching Europe’S War
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  • 1. Objective: Analyze U.S. foreign policy before and during World War I
  • 2.
    • Wilson believes in moral diplomacy
    • Mexico enters a time of unrest starting in 1911
    • Wilson supports the side with Poncho Villa in Mexico
    • Then changes mind and supports his enemies
    • Poncho Villa enters U.S. and killed some 17 Americans in 1916
    • Wilson orders Gen. Pershing to captured Villa
    • Villa is never captured
  • 3.
    • I. Nationalism : The feeling one has for one's nation or homeland.
    • II. Militarism : The building up of armies and navies.
    • III. Alliances : A strategic friendship between two or more nations
    • IV. Dissent within Nations: The Spark that starts WWI : The assassination of the heir to the throne of Austria started the war. WWI will last four years and millions will die.
  • 4.
    • Triple Alliance or Central Powers:
    • Germany
    • Austria-Hungary
    • Italy (At Start of War)
    • Triple Entente or Allied Powers:
    • Great Britain
    • France
    • Russia
  • 5.
    • Arch Duke Ferdinand was killed by a Serbian Terrorist
    • Austro-Hungarian ask for help from Germany and then declare war on Serbia
    • Serbia is backed by Russia When war is declared on Serbia Russia becomes involved
    • WWI is a total war meaning a complete mobilization of people and resources
    Gavrilo Princip
  • 6.
    • WWI resulted in greater loss of life and property than in any pervious war
    • Battle of Verdun: Feb. to July 1916 resulted in 600,000 killed or wounded
    • Battle of Somme: Britain suffered 60,000 casualties in one day of fighting
    • The Battle of Somme lasted 5 months and killed 1 million men.
  • 7.
    • A) Modern science and technology produced weapons of great destruction and killing power (the machine gun, artillery, airplane, submarine, poison gas, the tank )
  • 8.
    • Trenches on the western front included massive tangles of barded wire, Machine gun nests, gun batteries, and heavy artillery. Soldiers lived in holes in the ground
    • The territory between the two sides was called no-man’s land
    • When not shooting, soldiers fought lice, rats, dampness, and cold as well as diseases (dysentery, gangrene, and trench mouth and foot)
  • 9.  
  • 10.
    • Life in the Trenches movie