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10.1 Becoming A World Power
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10.1 Becoming A World Power






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10.1 Becoming A World Power 10.1 Becoming A World Power Presentation Transcript

  • Becoming a World Power Analyze the emergence of the United States as a world power
  • A Special Destiny
    • United States had s special destiny to uphold liberty and freedom
    • U.S. had a duty to spread the American way of life to lands recently acquired during the Spanish-American War of 1898
  • Winning Control of the Panama Canal
    • Panama was controlled by Columbia
    • A French company attempted to start the project but failed
    • Panamanian people wanted the trade the canal would bring
    • America offers to buy the right to build the canal but Columbia wants too much
    View slide
  • Winning Control of the Panama Canal
    • President Roosevelt sends an American Warship to help Panama win its freedom
    • Panama wins in three days
    • U.S. quickly signs a treaty with Panama
    • U.S. would build canal and control a ten mile zone around canal
    View slide
  • Building the Canal
    • Area around canal had many mosquitoes that carried yellow fever and malaria
    • These diseases killed many workers
    • Col. Gorgas drain swamps and cut down tall grass to kill off mosquitoes
    • The Canal open in 1914
  • Diplomacy in Latin America
    • Roosevelt's involvement in Panama is an example of Big Stick Diplomacy
    • “ Speak softly and carry a big stick; you will go far”
    • Based on the Monroe Doctrine Roosevelt’s Corollary stated the U.S. could act as a police officer in Latin America by using Military force to settle problems
  • Diplomacy in Latin America
    • Taft’s policy was known as Dollar Diplomacy
    • It was a milder approach to Roosevelt’s Big Stick Diplomacy using dollars instead of bullets to influence foreign governments
    • This policy encouraged American bankers to lend money to countries in Latin America
  • China and the Open Door
    • US wanted trade with China
    • Europeans divided China into spheres of control
    • 1900 a large group of Chinese rebel against European powers and becomes the Boxer Rebellion
    • US helps Europeans to crush rebellion
    • Sec State John Hay offers Open Door Policy
    • Allowed all nations to trade with China
  • Balancing Russia and Japan
    • In 1904 Japan launches a surprise attack against the Russian fleet at Port Arthur
    • Roosevelt mediated a peace agreement ending the Russo-Japanese War
    • Roosevelt’s objective was to ensure no single power controlled Asia
  • Balancing Russia and Japan
    • With Japan’s victory over Russia “a white power”
    • The Japanese and Chinese began to consider themselves superior to other races
    • This attitude kindled a new national and racial pride
    • Which sets Japan on a path to a showdown with the U.S.