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10.1 Becoming A World Power

10.1 Becoming A World Power






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    10.1 Becoming A World Power 10.1 Becoming A World Power Presentation Transcript

    • Becoming a World Power Analyze the emergence of the United States as a world power
    • A Special Destiny
      • United States had s special destiny to uphold liberty and freedom
      • U.S. had a duty to spread the American way of life to lands recently acquired during the Spanish-American War of 1898
    • Winning Control of the Panama Canal
      • Panama was controlled by Columbia
      • A French company attempted to start the project but failed
      • Panamanian people wanted the trade the canal would bring
      • America offers to buy the right to build the canal but Columbia wants too much
    • Winning Control of the Panama Canal
      • President Roosevelt sends an American Warship to help Panama win its freedom
      • Panama wins in three days
      • U.S. quickly signs a treaty with Panama
      • U.S. would build canal and control a ten mile zone around canal
    • Building the Canal
      • Area around canal had many mosquitoes that carried yellow fever and malaria
      • These diseases killed many workers
      • Col. Gorgas drain swamps and cut down tall grass to kill off mosquitoes
      • The Canal open in 1914
    • Diplomacy in Latin America
      • Roosevelt's involvement in Panama is an example of Big Stick Diplomacy
      • “ Speak softly and carry a big stick; you will go far”
      • Based on the Monroe Doctrine Roosevelt’s Corollary stated the U.S. could act as a police officer in Latin America by using Military force to settle problems
    • Diplomacy in Latin America
      • Taft’s policy was known as Dollar Diplomacy
      • It was a milder approach to Roosevelt’s Big Stick Diplomacy using dollars instead of bullets to influence foreign governments
      • This policy encouraged American bankers to lend money to countries in Latin America
    • China and the Open Door
      • US wanted trade with China
      • Europeans divided China into spheres of control
      • 1900 a large group of Chinese rebel against European powers and becomes the Boxer Rebellion
      • US helps Europeans to crush rebellion
      • Sec State John Hay offers Open Door Policy
      • Allowed all nations to trade with China
    • Balancing Russia and Japan
      • In 1904 Japan launches a surprise attack against the Russian fleet at Port Arthur
      • Roosevelt mediated a peace agreement ending the Russo-Japanese War
      • Roosevelt’s objective was to ensure no single power controlled Asia
    • Balancing Russia and Japan
      • With Japan’s victory over Russia “a white power”
      • The Japanese and Chinese began to consider themselves superior to other races
      • This attitude kindled a new national and racial pride
      • Which sets Japan on a path to a showdown with the U.S.