10.1 Becoming A World Power


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10.1 Becoming A World Power

  1. 1. Becoming a World Power Analyze the emergence of the United States as a world power
  2. 2. A Special Destiny <ul><li>United States had s special destiny to uphold liberty and freedom </li></ul><ul><li>U.S. had a duty to spread the American way of life to lands recently acquired during the Spanish-American War of 1898 </li></ul>
  3. 3. Winning Control of the Panama Canal <ul><li>Panama was controlled by Columbia </li></ul><ul><li>A French company attempted to start the project but failed </li></ul><ul><li>Panamanian people wanted the trade the canal would bring </li></ul><ul><li>America offers to buy the right to build the canal but Columbia wants too much </li></ul>
  4. 4. Winning Control of the Panama Canal <ul><li>President Roosevelt sends an American Warship to help Panama win its freedom </li></ul><ul><li>Panama wins in three days </li></ul><ul><li>U.S. quickly signs a treaty with Panama </li></ul><ul><li>U.S. would build canal and control a ten mile zone around canal </li></ul>
  5. 5. Building the Canal <ul><li>Area around canal had many mosquitoes that carried yellow fever and malaria </li></ul><ul><li>These diseases killed many workers </li></ul><ul><li>Col. Gorgas drain swamps and cut down tall grass to kill off mosquitoes </li></ul><ul><li>The Canal open in 1914 </li></ul>
  6. 6. Diplomacy in Latin America <ul><li>Roosevelt's involvement in Panama is an example of Big Stick Diplomacy </li></ul><ul><li>“ Speak softly and carry a big stick; you will go far” </li></ul><ul><li>Based on the Monroe Doctrine Roosevelt’s Corollary stated the U.S. could act as a police officer in Latin America by using Military force to settle problems </li></ul>
  7. 7. Diplomacy in Latin America <ul><li>Taft’s policy was known as Dollar Diplomacy </li></ul><ul><li>It was a milder approach to Roosevelt’s Big Stick Diplomacy using dollars instead of bullets to influence foreign governments </li></ul><ul><li>This policy encouraged American bankers to lend money to countries in Latin America </li></ul>
  8. 8. China and the Open Door <ul><li>US wanted trade with China </li></ul><ul><li>Europeans divided China into spheres of control </li></ul><ul><li>1900 a large group of Chinese rebel against European powers and becomes the Boxer Rebellion </li></ul><ul><li>US helps Europeans to crush rebellion </li></ul><ul><li>Sec State John Hay offers Open Door Policy </li></ul><ul><li>Allowed all nations to trade with China </li></ul>
  9. 9. Balancing Russia and Japan <ul><li>In 1904 Japan launches a surprise attack against the Russian fleet at Port Arthur </li></ul><ul><li>Roosevelt mediated a peace agreement ending the Russo-Japanese War </li></ul><ul><li>Roosevelt’s objective was to ensure no single power controlled Asia </li></ul>
  10. 10. Balancing Russia and Japan <ul><li>With Japan’s victory over Russia “a white power” </li></ul><ul><li>The Japanese and Chinese began to consider themselves superior to other races </li></ul><ul><li>This attitude kindled a new national and racial pride </li></ul><ul><li>Which sets Japan on a path to a showdown with the U.S. </li></ul>