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10 The Federal Bureaucracy
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  • 1. Objective: Analyze the bureaucratic organization of the federal government
  • 2. The Executive Departments
    • There are 15 departments in the Executive Branch
    • The President appoints a secretary to run each department. (Ex. Secretary of State is in charge of the State Dept.)
    • The President’s Cabinet is made up of all the secretaries he appoints. They advise him on issues before he makes a decision.
  • 3. The Executive Departments
    • Dept. of Agriculture
    • Dept. of Defense
    • Dept. of Education
    • Dept. of Energy
    • Dept. of Health and Human Services
    • Dept. of Housing and Urban Development
    • Dept. of Justice
    • Dept. of Interior
    • Dept. of Labor
    • Dept. of State
    • Dept. of Transportation
    • Dept. of Treasury
    • Dept. of Veteran Affairs
    • Dept. of Commerce
    • Dept. of Homeland Security
  • 4. The Executive Departments
    • Department of State: is responsible for the overall foreign policy of the United States. The agency also protects the rights of citizens traveling in foreign countries
    • The State Dept. also maintains embassies around the world
  • 5. The Executive Departments
    • Department of Treasury: Manages the monetary resources of the United States
    • Department of the Interior: Protects public lands and natural resources throughout the nation and to oversee relations with Native Americans
  • 6. The Executive Departments
    • Department of Justice: Is the law enforcement arm of the federal government; the office of the attorney general also oversees the nations legal affairs
    • Department of Defense: Protects the security of the United States and is the largest cabinet department
  • 7. Independent Agencies
    • NASA one of the largest agencies
    • CIA
    • Consumer Product Safety Commission
    • EPA-Environmental Protection Agency
    • FCC-Federal Communication Commission
    • Commission on Civil Rights
    • FDIC
    • Peace Corps
    • National Railroad Passenger Corp. (AmTrak)
  • 8. Independent Agencies
    • The Central Intelligence Agency: provides a very different kind of service. The CIA gathers information about what is going on in other countries, evaluates it, and passes it on to the president and others.
    • The CIA uses secret agents, paid informers, foreign news sources, and friendly governments to collect information
  • 9. Independent Agencies
    • NASA one of the largest agencies
    • Since its inception in 1958, NASA has accomplished many great scientific and technological feats in air and space.
  • 10. Government Corporations
    • Tennessee Valley Authority: Has built dams and supplies electric power for and eight state area.
    • FDIC: insures bank accounts up to 250,000 dollars
    • USPS: delivers your mail and has exclusive right to deliver first-class mail courtesy of Congress
  • 11. Civil Service and the Executive Branch
    • Leaders in the President’s Cabinet are replaced when a new President comes in
    • However the millions of other executive branch workers are not
    • They are Civil Service Workers hired by the Office of Personnel Management
    • The Pendleton Act of 1883 requires workers to pass various tests in order to be hired