10 The Federal Bureaucracy


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10 The Federal Bureaucracy

  1. 1. Objective: Analyze the bureaucratic organization of the federal government
  2. 2. The Executive Departments <ul><li>There are 15 departments in the Executive Branch </li></ul><ul><li>The President appoints a secretary to run each department. (Ex. Secretary of State is in charge of the State Dept.) </li></ul><ul><li>The President’s Cabinet is made up of all the secretaries he appoints. They advise him on issues before he makes a decision. </li></ul>
  3. 3. The Executive Departments <ul><li>Dept. of Agriculture </li></ul><ul><li>Dept. of Defense </li></ul><ul><li>Dept. of Education </li></ul><ul><li>Dept. of Energy </li></ul><ul><li>Dept. of Health and Human Services </li></ul><ul><li>Dept. of Housing and Urban Development </li></ul><ul><li>Dept. of Justice </li></ul><ul><li>Dept. of Interior </li></ul><ul><li>Dept. of Labor </li></ul><ul><li>Dept. of State </li></ul><ul><li>Dept. of Transportation </li></ul><ul><li>Dept. of Treasury </li></ul><ul><li>Dept. of Veteran Affairs </li></ul><ul><li>Dept. of Commerce </li></ul><ul><li>Dept. of Homeland Security </li></ul>
  4. 4. The Executive Departments <ul><li>Department of State: is responsible for the overall foreign policy of the United States. The agency also protects the rights of citizens traveling in foreign countries </li></ul><ul><li>The State Dept. also maintains embassies around the world </li></ul>
  5. 5. The Executive Departments <ul><li>Department of Treasury: Manages the monetary resources of the United States </li></ul><ul><li>Department of the Interior: Protects public lands and natural resources throughout the nation and to oversee relations with Native Americans </li></ul>
  6. 6. The Executive Departments <ul><li>Department of Justice: Is the law enforcement arm of the federal government; the office of the attorney general also oversees the nations legal affairs </li></ul><ul><li>Department of Defense: Protects the security of the United States and is the largest cabinet department </li></ul>
  7. 7. Independent Agencies <ul><li>NASA one of the largest agencies </li></ul><ul><li>CIA </li></ul><ul><li>Consumer Product Safety Commission </li></ul><ul><li>EPA-Environmental Protection Agency </li></ul><ul><li>FCC-Federal Communication Commission </li></ul><ul><li>Commission on Civil Rights </li></ul><ul><li>FDIC </li></ul><ul><li>Peace Corps </li></ul><ul><li>National Railroad Passenger Corp. (AmTrak) </li></ul>
  8. 8. Independent Agencies <ul><li>The Central Intelligence Agency: provides a very different kind of service. The CIA gathers information about what is going on in other countries, evaluates it, and passes it on to the president and others. </li></ul><ul><li>The CIA uses secret agents, paid informers, foreign news sources, and friendly governments to collect information </li></ul>
  9. 9. Independent Agencies <ul><li>NASA one of the largest agencies </li></ul><ul><li>Since its inception in 1958, NASA has accomplished many great scientific and technological feats in air and space. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Government Corporations <ul><li>Tennessee Valley Authority: Has built dams and supplies electric power for and eight state area. </li></ul><ul><li>FDIC: insures bank accounts up to 250,000 dollars </li></ul><ul><li>USPS: delivers your mail and has exclusive right to deliver first-class mail courtesy of Congress </li></ul>
  11. 11. Civil Service and the Executive Branch <ul><li>Leaders in the President’s Cabinet are replaced when a new President comes in </li></ul><ul><li>However the millions of other executive branch workers are not </li></ul><ul><li>They are Civil Service Workers hired by the Office of Personnel Management </li></ul><ul><li>The Pendleton Act of 1883 requires workers to pass various tests in order to be hired </li></ul>