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Yasuo kuniyoshi
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Yasuo kuniyoshi

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Yasuo kuniyoshi Yasuo kuniyoshi Presentation Transcript

  • Yasuo Kuniyoshi
  • What do you know about him?
  • Biographic Information• Born in Okayama, Japan• Years: 1893-1953• 1906: moved to the United States• 1910: moved to New York • Schooling: Los Angeles School of Art and Design National Academy of Design Independent School of Art *Art Students League
  • More Biographic Information• By 1930, he had established himself as an internationally-known painter and graphic artist• First president of the Artists’ Equity Association (1947-1950)• First wife: Katherine Schmidt, Second wife Sara Mazo, who survived him and preserved his art
  • Why is he important?
  • WWII Involvement• War posters and illustrations, radio scripts, broadcasts
  • Citizenship• Was Kuniyoshi turning his back on Japan? – Becoming American suggests he was trying to prove loyalty, not bash the other side (15-16)
  • What it Means to be Japanese in the United States• Identity Crisis – Saw self as American and strongly believed in democracy, but Americans saw him as Oriental (Correspondences 3 and 4) – 1919: Kuniyoshi’s wife loses U.S. citizenship – 1922: Supreme Court ruling prohibiting Japanese from becoming U.S. citizens – 1924: Johnson-Reed Act prohibiting the immigration of Japanese to America
  • Artwork• Lithographs, paint• Circus girls, nudes• Still lifes, landscapes
  • More Artwork“I’m Tired” (1938)
  • Pre-War Work• Isolated, foreboding characters• Neither content-driven nor visually confrontational• Picasso (1881-1973)
  • “Somebody Tore My Poster”(1943)
  • How Do These Two Paintings Differ?
  • Differences Between Two Paintings• Use of space? – Shading and texture – Flattening of space in Somebody Tore My Poster foregrounds both the figure and the poster, suggesting that they are equally important to the painting’s meaning – Often Kuniyoshi painted his figures with smooth and subtle shading that contrasts with his swifter brushstrokes in the background
  • Now Consider: Somebody and At Work (1943)
  • Artists in Wartime• Role of artists: ignore war and keep painting or work at defense factory? (pictures=public/active vs. private/away from world)• Kuniyoshi: “ as a ‘member of the world,’ the artist should continue to make art and contribute all one can to help ‘destroy the forces that are menacing its [the world’s] existence” (Wang, 14)
  • Defining the Artist• How do you define Kuniyoshi? – Self-identification (USA) or external perception (JPN)• How do you define “American”?• How does art work in depicting Americanness? – Becoming American suggests that artists are not imitators or “assimilators” but are “critical participants” who “deploy art as a vital means to interrogate, interpret, and re-imagine ‘Americanness’” p. 9
  • Places You Can View His Art: Okayama, JapanWhitney Museum of American Art, New YorkOhara Museum of Art, Kurashiki (Japan)
  • Sources• http://www.aaa.si.edu/collections/viewer/yasuo-k (First picture of Kuniyoshi_8/27/12_4:52p.m.)• http://www.pbase.com/omoses/image/61501 619 (Second picture of Kuniyoshi_8/27/12_4:54p.m.)• http://www.aaa.si.edu/collections/yasuo- kuniyoshi-papers-9175/more#biohist (8/27/12)
  • Sources• http://www.art- it.asia/u/admin_ed_contri7/BxwlnzKUW50Tyc M2tXjF (Kuniyoshi and WWII_8/27/12)• http://americanart.si.edu/collections/search/ artwork/?id=14109 (Strong Woman and Child Picture, The Cyclist_8/28/12)• http://faculty.baruch.cuny.edu/glevin/Article %201.pdf (8/28/12)
  • More Sources• http://blog.oricon.co.jp/kinren/archive/102/0• http://www.artexpertswebsite.com/pages/art ists/kuniyoshi.php• Wang, ShiPu. Becoming American? The Art and Identity Crisis of Yasuo Kuniyoshi. Honolulu: University of Hawai`I Press, 2011. Book.• Kuniyoshi, Yasuo. Yasuo Kuniyoshi. New York: American Artists Group, Incorporated, 1945. Book.