Servant –LeadershipAn Introduction to the Power of Leadership Through Service Mercedes Clement Senior Professor/Librarian Chair of Library Services at DSC 1200 W. Int’l Speedway Blvd Daytona Beach , FL 32114 (386)506-3440 ClemenM@DayttonaState.edu
About MercedesEducation• MS Library Science – Florida State University• MS Education Foundation – University of Florida• BS Arts & Science – University of Florida• Diploma- Bible Studies – Ecole Evangelique de la Bible, HaitiExperience• Areas of responsibility include overall management of library operations, supervision of library personnel, departmental budget management, coordination of planning and assessment for library areas, administrative contact for College Center for library automation.• In addition, my responsibilities comprise of management of the library technical services department and supervision of personnel.• Furthermore I am one of the 39 Council Member for Florida Virtual Campus. Prior to Daytona State College, I worked at the University of Florida in acquisitions and cataloging departments
Topics• Introduction• Foundations of Servant Leadership• Characteristics Servant Leadership• Paradoxes• Companies/Organnizations which practice Servant Leadership• Examples/Case study• How to become a Servant Leader?• Are you a Servant Leader?• Additional Resources
Robert. K GreenleafLargely considered the father of modern Servant-LeadershipCareer:38 Years at AT&T, largely in management training and development25 Years consulting on Servant Leadership thereafterCoined the term Servant-Leader in 1970’sFounded Center for Applied Ethics (now Greenleaf Center for Servant-Leadership)Inspiration:Hermann Hesse’s short novel Journey to the East in 1960’s Account of a mythical journey by a group of people on a spiritual questTrue leadership stems first from a desire to serveEssays:The Servant as Leader (1970)The Institution as Servant (1972)Trustees as Servants (1972)
DefinitionAdapted from “The Servant as Leader”:The servant-leader is servant first… It begins with the naturalfeeling that one wants to serve, to serve first. Then consciouschoice brings one to aspire to lead. That person is sharply differentfrom one who is leader first……The best test, and difficult to administer, is: Do those servedgrow as persons? Do they, while being served, become healthier,wiser, freer, more autonomous, more likely themselves to becomeservants? And, what is the effect on the least privileged in society?Will they benefit or at least not be further deprived?"
Post –Greenleaf Following Greenleaf, a wealth of Servant-Leadership experts emergedLarry Spears:• President / CEO of Greenleaf center for 25 years• Author of hundreds of publications on Servant-Leadership• Founded the Spears CenterJames Autry:• President of magazine group for Meredith Corporation• Author of 8 Books• Focus on implementationJames C. Hunter:• 25 Years in Servant-Leadership• 2 of the most popular books on Servant-Leadership• Consulted many of the world’s most admired companiesOthers: Ken Blanchard, Stephen Covey, Peter M. Senge, Jim Collins….
Greenleaf’s Model of Servant Leadership• Servant leaders are leaders who put other people’s needs, aspirations and interest above their own• Servant leaders deliberate choice is to serve others• Servant leader’s chief motive is to serve first, as opposed to lead
The Ten Characteristics of Servant Leadership Listening Conceptualization Empathy Foresight Stewardship Healing Commitment to the Awareness growth of the people Persuasion Building community
Three Groups of Servant LeadershipRelationship-building Actions Listening – (to self and others) Empathy – (understanding) Healing – (search for wholeness of self and others) Awareness – (of self and of others)Future-oriented Actions Persuasion – (building consensus) Conceptualization – (dreams and of day-to-day operations) Foresight – (intuitive ability to learn from past and see future consequences of actions)
Three Groups Continued…Community – oriented Actions Stewardship – (holding institution in trust for the good of society) Commitment to Growth – (personal, professional, spiritual of self and others) Building Community – (benevolent, humane, philanthropic, to benefit others)
Stewardship “Holding something in trust for another”. Making a positive difference in the future is characteristic of the stewardship mentality.
Commitment to the growth of the people People have intrinsic value
Building Community True community can be created by connecting and networking…
Paradoxes Servant-Leadership, itself a paradox, requires a constant balance…Great Be Without PridePlanned Be SpontaneousCompassionate DisciplineRight Say, “I’m Wrong”Serious Enough To Laugh Admit You Don’t KnowWise ListenBusyStrong Be Open To ChangeLeading Serve
Examples of BalanceParadoxes are not easy to balance. Here are a few examples… Great Enough to be Without Pride • Team gets the credit, you get the blame Compassionate Enough to Discipline • Must not be soft – set high expectations and follow through Right Enough to Say, “I’m Wrong” • Leaders make mistakes too, admit you are human Wise Enough to Admit You Don’t Know • Find out quickly, but do not mislead Busy Enough to Listen • Beware the busy manager – they do not lead
Criteria for companiesthat practice Servant Leadership Openness & fairness Camaraderie & friendliness Opportunities Pride in work & company Pay & benefits Security
Companies/OrganizationsSome of the well respected companies practice Servant –Leadership… • Fortune’s 100 Best Companies to Work For: 1/3 of Top 35 • 10 of America’s Most Admired Companies
Case Study---StarbucksIn 1997, three Starbucks employees were murdered in DCduring a botched robbery. The story was told how HowardSchultz, CEO, did not call Public Relations or legal counsel.Instead, Schultz dropped everything, flew to the store andspent the entire week visiting with the families andemployees in the area.Dave Olson, Senior Vice President of the Culture andLeadership Development said: Leadership is largely abouthaving courage to do the right thing. Or, as Behar, CEOsaid: Leading with compassion never stops there is no timeoff
Southwest Airlines• Perhaps one of the best ways to define servant leadership is to read about what Colleen Barrett, President of Southwest Airlines, said about their leadership philosophy.
She said:“We do build our pyramid abit different…at the top ofour pyramid in terms ofpriority is our employees,and delivering to themproactive customerservice”.
Individuals Examples of historic Servant –Leaders… “I suppose leadership at “A genuine leader is not a one time meant muscles; searcher for consensus but a but today it means getting molder of consensus.” along with people”. Mahatma Gandhi Martin Luther King, Jr.“For even the Son of “Kind words can be shortMan did not come to be and easy to speak, but theirserved, but to serve”. echoes are truly endless”.Jesus of Nazareth Mother Theresa
How Does One Become A Servant Leader?• From what we can understand, becoming a servant leader is more a state of mind than a set of directions.• Becoming a servant leader does not follow a step by step process.• This style of leadership development is an on-going, life-long learning process.
Become a Servant Leader Continue…• Survey shows that 85% of those who become a leader do so because of the influence of other leaders.• Great leaders influence and reproduce themselves.• The law of reproduction is to identify, prepare, and affirm.
“Example is not the main thing,influencing others, it is the only thing”Albert Schweitzer
ReferencesPublications referenced, paraphrased or extracted from include the following: Autry, James A.; The Servant Leader: How to Build a Creative Team, Develop Great Morale, And Improve Bottom-Line Performance. Three Rivers Press, New York, NY 2001. DeGraaf, Don; Tilley, Colin; Neal, Larry; Servant-Leadership Characteristics in Organizational Life. Greenleaf Center for Servant-Leadership. Westfield, Indiana. 2001. Greenleaf, Robert K.; Servant Leadership: A Journey into the Nature of Legitimate Power & Greatness. Paulist Press, Mawah, NJ. 1977, 1991, 2002. Hansel, T. ; Holy Sweat. Word. Dallas, TX. 1987. Hunter, James C.; The World’s Most Powerful Leadership Principle: How to Become a Servant Leader. Crown Business, New York, NY. 2004. Spears, Larry C., Lawrence, Michelle (et al); Practicing Servant Leadership: Succeeding Through Trust, Bravery, And Forgiveness. Jossey-Bass, San Fransisco, CA . 2004 Spears, Larry C.; Diary of Alpha Kappa Psi (article: Servant-Leadership). Gary L. Epperson, CAE. Spring 2008.
“If your actions inspire others to dreammore, learn more, do more and becomemore, you are a leader.”John Quincy Adams Mercedes Clement Chair of Library Services Thank you for your time!