Hydraulic Fracturing: A Destructive Solution Darcy Schober
What is it?Hydraulic Fracturing, also known as “fracking,” is a method of extractingnatural gasses from the Earth that otherwise are unreachable. (What IsFracking?)
How It’s DoneBy drilling into the Earth’scrust, natural gas is able tobe extracted from shaledeposits. This is calledhorizontal fracking.(Gasland)
Once the well is constructed, high pressuredwater and fracking liquids are poured into theground.Because of this pressure, the shale rock cracks,which allows for the natural gas to escape.Hydraulic fracturing has allowed for thecollection of natural gas deep in the ground thatwould have otherwise been unobtainable.(Dangers of Fracking)
But with this discovery comesgreat danger…The practice of fracking has proven over and over again to bewasteful of our recourses and endangering Earth and herinhabitants.
People against fracking have very moving arguments. They focus on the effect this industry has on the communities it disrupts and the disruption of Earth.
Anti-Fracking: • While the high pressured wellEnvironmental impact effectively cracks nearby• Up to 400 tanker trucks are shale, methane gas as well as needed to bring water and other toxic chemicals leak supplies to and from the into the surrounding water. fracking site. “Methane concentrations are• Of 40,000 chemicals poured 17x higher in drinking-water into the well, 600 chemicals wells near fracturing sites are carcinogenic. Some of than normal wells.” these include: lead, uranium, • After a fracking site is tapped mercury, ethylene glycol, out, only 30%-50% of radium, methanol, fracking fluids are recovered. hydrochloric acid and The other 50%-70% is left in formaldehyde the ground, none of which is biodegradable (Dangers)
Anti-Fracking:Community Impact• Due to well leakage, over 1,000 cases related to water contamination which have reported sensory, respiratory and neurological damage.• Because of elevated methane in drinking water. As showed in the movie Gasland, a documentary, homeowners are able light their water on fire.
500,000 active wells Add It Up X 8 million gallons of water per fracking XAccording to the site,Dangers of Fracking: 18 times a well can be fracked = 72 trillion gallons of water And 360 billon gallons of chemicals to run the wells
What can be done?Fortunately, the vast majority of people believe that frackingis a dangerous practice despite the job opportunities andlower energy costs.
Anti-fracking organizations across America are hardat work trying to promote a cleaner alternative toenergy, inform the public about the dangers offracking, as well as attempt to pass laws to regulatethis dangerous practice.The FRAC Act (Fracturing Responsibility andAwareness to Chemical Act) is a House ofRepresentatives bill that strives to repeal theHalliburton Loophole, an energy bill that took awaythe Environmental Protection Agencys ability toregulate hydraulic fracking, and require natural gascompanies to disclose the chemicals used. (STOPFRACKING NOW!)
Together We CanKnowledge is power.Informing our citizensabout how fracking effectsthe environment and itsinhabitants can changeregulations on this practice.
Works Cited• "What Is Fracking." What Is Fracking. N.p., n.d. Web. 27 July 2012. <http://www.what-is-fracking.com/>.• "Gasland: A Film by Josh Fox." Gasland. N.p., n.d. Web. 27 July 2012. <http://www.gaslandthemovie.com/whats- fracking>.• "Hydraulic Fracturing." Dangers of Fracking. N.p., n.d. Web. 27 July 2012. <http://www.dangersoffracking.com/>.• "STOP FRACKING NOW! Tell Congress to Pass the FRAC Act." Stop Fracking Now! N.p., n.d. Web. 27 July 2012. <http://stopfrackingnow.com/faq>.
Picture Credits• "Fracking." The Colorado Observer. N.p., n.d. Web. 27 July 2012. <http://thecoloradoobserver.com/2012/07/from-the-cheap-seats/fracking/>.• "A Colossal Fracking Mess." Vanity Fair. N.p., n.d. Web. 27 July 2012. <http://www.vanityfair.com/business/features/2010/06/fracking-in-pennsylvania-201006>.• "Can Fracking Contaminate Drinking Water?" The Watchers. N.p., n.d. Web. 27 July 2012. <http://thewatchers.adorraeli.com/2012/07/15/can-fracking-contaminate-drinking-water/>.• "Digging Deep: Fracking Litigation Trends." Insurance News and Analysis for Risk Managers, Agents, Brokers, P&C Insurance Pros. N.p., n.d. Web. 27 July 2012. <http://www.propertycasualty360.com/2012/01/27/digging-deep-fracking-litigation-trends>.• "Electric Tree House." Fracking. N.p., n.d. Web. 27 July 2012. <http://electrictreehouse.com/tag/fracking/>.• "New Report: Fracking Could Cause a New Global Water Crisis." Food & Water Watch. N.p., n.d. Web. 27 July 2012. <http://www.foodandwaterwatch.org/pressreleases/new-report-fracking-could-cause-a-new- global-water-crisis/>.• "Digging Deep: Fracking Litigation Trends." Insurance News and Analysis for Risk Managers, Agents, Brokers, P&C Insurance Pros. N.p., n.d. Web. 27 July 2012. <http://www.propertycasualty360.com/2012/01/27/digging-deep-fracking-litigation-trends>.