Nitrogen Powerpoint

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Nitrogen Powerpoint

  1. 1. Nitrogen By Matt & Ryan Food Science & Technology Period 6
  2. 2. The Properties of Nitrogen <ul><li>Nitrogen was discovered by Daniel Rutherford in 1772. </li></ul><ul><li>Fifth Most Abundant element in the Universe. </li></ul><ul><li>Largest use is Ammonia. </li></ul><ul><li>Atomic Number </li></ul><ul><ul><li>7 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Atomic Symbol </li></ul><ul><ul><li>N </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Atomic Weight </li></ul><ul><ul><li>14.00674 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Atomic Radius </li></ul><ul><ul><li>71 pm </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Properties continued… <ul><li>Melting Point </li></ul><ul><ul><li>-210.0˚ Celsius </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Boiling Point </li></ul><ul><ul><li>-195.79˚ Celsius </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Oxidation States </li></ul><ul><ul><li>- 3, 5 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Does NOT Burn </li></ul><ul><li>Not Combustible </li></ul><ul><li>Slightly Soluble </li></ul>
  4. 4. Electron Configuration and Shell Diagram of Nitrogen <ul><li>[He]2s 2 2p 3 </li></ul>
  5. 5. Nitrogen Is a Part of … <ul><li>Protein </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Amino Acids </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Fertilizers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Important in plant growth </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Necessary in crop production </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Explosives </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Gun powder </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rocket Fuels </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Cyanides </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Laughing Gas </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mustard Gas </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Alkaloids </li></ul><ul><li>The Earth’s Atmosphere </li></ul><ul><ul><li>80% is nitrogen, Less than 20% is oxygen </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Liquid nitrogen </li></ul><ul><li>Coolants </li></ul><ul><li>Nitrogen Generators </li></ul>
  6. 6. Nitrogen in Foods <ul><li>Used in freezing foods </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Liquid Nitrogen </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Plays a role in food digestion and growth </li></ul><ul><li>Part of the Body </li></ul><ul><ul><li>3% Of Human Body Weight </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Nitrogen Compounds <ul><li>Ammonia = NH 3 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>One Nitrogen Atom </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Three Hydrogen Atoms </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Nitric Acid = NHO 3 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>One Nitrogen Atom </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>One Hydrogen Atom </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Three Oxygen Atoms </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Works Cited <ul><li>( 2006). Primer On Nitrogen. Retrieved November 13, 2008, from MLB The Ecosystems Center Web site: http://ecosystems.mbl.edu/Research/Clue/nitrogen.html </li></ul><ul><li>Trautmann, Nancy, M Nitrogen: The Essential Nutrient. Retrieved November 13, 2008, from Natural Resources: Cornell Cooperative Extension Web site: http://pmep.cce.cornell.edu/facts-slides-self/facts/nit-el-grw89.html </li></ul><ul><li>Helmenstine, Anne Marie 10 Nitrogen Facts. Retrieved November 16, 2008, from About.com:Chemistry Web site: www.chemistry.about.com/od/elementfacts/nitrogenfacts.htm </li></ul><ul><li>Facts About Nitrogen. Retrieved November 14, 2008, from Facts About Nitrogen Web site: http://www.facts-about.org.uk/science-elements-nitrogen.htm </li></ul>

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