It is 1961, and after only a few months in office you face a challenge from the Soviets. Premier Khrushchev has issued an ultimatum on Berlin: The Western powers must join the Soviet Union in signing a peace treaty with East and West Germany; recognize East Germany; and withdraw from Berlin by year's end. Western access to Berlin would require East German permission. Any violation of East German territory would be regarded as an act of aggression. If you don't sign, Khrushchev promises to sign his own treaty with East Germany with substantially the same terms. The message is clear: Withdraw from West Berlin, or you may be forced to leave. If you call his bluff and stay put, you risk a major confrontation with Moscow -- perhaps even military conflict. If you withdraw, you risk appearing weak to your allies and to the Soviets, who might respond with even more provocative policies in the future. What do you do?
Kennedy’s Cold War battleground #3: Cuban Missile Crisis
<ul><li>You are the President. What do you do? Why? </li></ul><ul><li>Wait for international pressure and support </li></ul><ul><li>“ Surgical air strike” </li></ul><ul><li>All out air strike </li></ul><ul><li>Invade </li></ul><ul><li>A combination of choices above </li></ul><ul><li>Other…what? </li></ul>
Results of the Cuban Missile Crisis <ul><li>No nuclear war </li></ul><ul><li>Limited Test Ban Treaty: US, USSR, GB </li></ul><ul><li>Hot line established </li></ul><ul><li>Soviet buildup </li></ul><ul><li>Relations with Cuba get worse </li></ul><ul><li>JFK’s popularity increases </li></ul>
I am talking about genuine peace, the kind of peace that makes life on earth worth living, the kind that enables men and nations to grow and to hope and to build a better life for their children-not merely peace for Americans but peace for all men and women, not merely peace in our time but peace for all time. JFK, June 10, 1963
Alan Shepard: US answer to Gagarin May 5, 1961: Freedom 7
Gherman Titov: 25.3 hours—17 times August 6, 1961
Enos the Chimpanzee: November 29, 1961: 1 hour, 28 minutes
John Glenn: US keeping it close February 20, 1962: Mercury Atlas 6
<ul><li>"I believe that this nation should commit itself to achieving the goal, before this decade is out, of landing a man on the moon and returning him safely to the Earth." </li></ul>
<ul><li>“ No single space project in this period will be more impressive to mankind, or more important for the long-range exploration of space; and none will be so difficult or expensive to accomplish…” </li></ul><ul><li>JFK </li></ul>
We choose to go to the moon in this decade and do the other things, not because they are easy, but because they are hard, because that goal will serve to organize and measure the best of our energies and skills, because that challenge is one that we are willing to accept, one we are unwilling to postpone, and one which we intend to win, and the others, too. JFK, September 12, 1962
A particular slide catching your eye?
Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later.