Ike Foreign Policy


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Ike Foreign Policy

  1. 1. Cuba Guatemala Egypt Iran Soviet Union Indochina (Vietnam) China/Taiwan Korea
  2. 2. Game 1: Korea
  3. 4. <ul><li>I shall go to Korea. </li></ul><ul><li>--Dwight Eisenhower </li></ul>
  4. 6. <ul><li>“ The President’s patience is wearing thin and is finally saying that if the logjam is not broken, it will lead to the use of nukes.” </li></ul><ul><li>--Allen Dulles to Krishna Menon…to pass on to the Soviets and Chinese </li></ul>
  5. 7. <ul><li>When Eisenhower becomes president, the ____________ War is going on. It is in its fourth stage (stalemate), and the big issue that cannot be resolved is ______________________________. Ike’s campaign pledge was “I shall _______________________.” Ike is able to bring peace by threatening to use __________________. This is _________________________ in practice. During this final stage of the war, _________________ died causing a shift in leadership in the Soviet Union. </li></ul><ul><li>North Korea remained a Communist dictatorship; South Korea resembled a democracy. ______________ emerges from the Korean War as a new superpower. Speaking of China… </li></ul>KOREAN WHAT TO DO WITH PRISONERS GO TO KOREA NUCLEAR WEAPONS MASSIVE RETALIATION STALIN CHINA
  6. 8. Game 2: China
  7. 9. Chiang Kai-shek Mao Zedong
  8. 12. Mao controls the mainland of China; Chiang Kai-Shek establishes his government on the island of Taiwan or __________________. Chiang Kai-Shek supporters or __________________ also possessed 30 small islands, two of which were ______________ and _______________. From these islands, Chiang continually threatened to invade after moving 90,000 troops there. On August 23, 1958, China bombs these islands. US Congress passes the ___________________________, which essentially allows Ike to deal with the crisis in any way he chooses… FORMOSA NATIONALISTS QUEMOY MATSU FORMOSA RESOLUTION
  9. 13. <ul><li>Ike decided to fly bombers equipped with nuclear weapons over China to see the Chinese reaction. He warned that the US would pepper nuclear weapons like bullets on China… </li></ul><ul><li>… this is an example of ____________________ (going to the verge of war) and __________________________ (using any necessary force). </li></ul><ul><li>Compromise would be reached: </li></ul><ul><li>Chiang would not invade and would withdraw from the islands </li></ul><ul><li>China would not bomb </li></ul>BRINKMANSHIP MASSIVE RETALIATION
  10. 14. Game 3: Vietnam
  11. 16. Vietnam, or ___________________, would be ruled by ________________ immediately before and after World War II. The United States sided with the French in opposition to ______________________. The US sought resources and potential military bases in Vietnam. Additionally, the United States wanted to put down the threat of Communism, fearing Communism in one country would spread to neighboring countries. (This was the ________________ theory.) So important was the US commitment that it was providing France with about 80% of their funding. French occupation would end on May 7, 1954 when the French were routed by the Vietnamese at the Battle of _____________________. This devastating loss INDOCHINA THE FRENCH HO CHI MINH (COMMUNIST) DOMINO DIEN BIEN PHU
  12. 17. <ul><li>would force the French to withdraw, leaving a void in Vietnamese control. The US would have to fill this void with an even greater commitment. Several developments occurred in the wake of this: </li></ul><ul><li>_____________________ occurred, which split North and South Vietnam along the ________________________. </li></ul><ul><li>_______________ formed; this was NATO for the Pacific </li></ul><ul><li>The US placed their support behind _______________________...we’ll see how that turns out in a few weeks. </li></ul><ul><li>In all, the US would provide _______ advisors and ___________________ in Vietnam during the 1950s. </li></ul>THE GENEVA CONFERENCE 17 TH PARALLEL SEATO NGO DINH DIEM 700 $7 BILLION
  13. 18. SEATO
  14. 19. Game 4: Iran
  16. 21. In Iran, _______________________ was in power. Seeking to increase profits from the British oil company who, in part, controlled Iran’s oil supply, this leader seized the oil supply from the British. This led to US fears of a ___________________ Iran. Through the covert actions of the ________, the US returned ________________________ to power. MOHAMMAD MOSSADEGH COMMUNIST CIA SHAH REZA PAHLAVI