Government Intro
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Government Intro

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Government Intro Government Intro Presentation Transcript

    • Government: What? Why? How?
    • A BASIC STARTING POINT FOR GOVERNMENTAL STUDY
  • What is a state? The state —a body of , living in a organized and with the to make and enforce law without the consent of any higher authority PEOPLE POWER POLITICALLY DEFINED TERRITORY
  • What are the necessary qualities of a state?
    • POPULATION
    • TERRITORY
    • SOVEREIGNTY— the possession of supreme and absolute power within its boundaries
    • GOVERNMENT
  • What is government?
    • the institution through which a society
    makes and enforces its public policies
  • Why did governments come about?
      • We the People of the United States, in Order to form a more perfect Union, establish Justice, insure domestic tranquility, provide for the common defence, promote the general Welfare, and secure the Blessings of Liberty to ourselves and our Posterity, do ordain and establish this Constitution for the United States of America.
  • So…
    • Form a more perfect union
    • Establish justice
    • Insure domestic tranquility
    • Provide for the common defense
    • Promote the general welfare
    • Secure the blessings of liberty
  • How did governments come about?
    • FORCE THEORY—the strongest rule
    THEORY 1
  • How did governments come about?
    • EVOLUTIONARY THEORY—governments build from simpler groups (family…clan…tribe, etc)
    THEORY 2
  • How did governments come about?
    • DIVINE RIGHT THEORY—God created the state; God ordained those with royal standing the “divine right” to rule
    THEORY 3
  • How did governments come about?
    • SOCIAL CONTRACT THEORY—in the state of nature, life was “nasty, brutish, and short.” Humans agreed to a mutual agreement between the rulers and the ruled for the benefit of all.
    THEORY 4
  • Three ways to classify governments
    • DEMOCRACY —supreme political authority rests with the people
    METHOD 1: By who can participate DIRECT— the will of the people is directly turned into public policy INDIRECT— the will of the people is represented by appointed leaders
  • Three ways to classify governments
    • DICTATORSHIP— those who rule cannot be held responsible to the will of the people
    METHOD 1: By who can participate AUTOCRACY—a single person holds unlimited power MONARCHY—heredity determines ruler MILITARY—force determines ruler OLIGARCHY—power is held by a small, usually self-appointed group
  • Three ways to classify governments
    • UNITARY— all powers by the government belong to one central government
    • FEDERAL GOVERNMENT— powers are divided between a central government and a local government (division of power)
    • CONFEDERATE GOVERNMENT —an alliance of independent states
    METHOD 2: Geographic distribution of power
  • Three ways to classify governments
    • PRESIDENTIAL GOVERNMENT— executive and legislative branches of the government are elected by the voters
    • PARLIAMENTARY GOVERNMENT— the executive branch is elected by the legislative branch
    METHOD 3: Relationship between the legislative and executive branches