Final Prep IV


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Final Prep IV

  1. 1. IV
  2. 2. The Early Rounds FEDERALISTS ANTI-FEDERALISTS What is the proper role of the government? Alexander Hamilton Thomas Jefferson Strengthened national government Strong executive leadership Very limited role of the government created by the Constitution Congress should dominate the government
  3. 3. The Early Rounds FEDERALISTS ANTI-FEDERALISTS Who? Alexander Hamilton Thomas Jefferson “the rich and well-born” Financial, manufacturing, and commercial interests Liberal/loose interpretation of the Constitution “the common man” Shopkeepers, laborers, and farmers Strict constructionists of the Constitution JEFFERSONIAN REPUBLICANS Or DEMOCRATIC-REPUBLICANS
  4. 4. The Era of Democrats, 1800--1860 In 1828, they become the DEMOCRATS. Symbols : Jefferson, Andrew Jackson Who ? Small farmers, debtors, pioneers, and slave holders Regions of support : South and West Changes : Voting rights expand to all white males in this time Issues : banks, tariffs, and slavery 13 of 15 JEFFERSONIAN REPUBLICANS Or DEMOCRATIC-REPUBLICANS
  5. 5. The Era of Republicans, 1860—1932 Symbol : Abraham Lincoln Who ? Former Whigs and anti-slavery Democrats… Business and finance, farmers, laborers, newly freed African-Americans 14 of 18 REPUBLICANS
  6. 6. The Return of the Democrats, 1932--1968 Symbol : FDR Who ? Southerners, small farmers, unions, big-city political machines, Jews, African-Americans, other minorities Changes : DEPRESSION; Government plays an increasing role in the social and economic aspects of America 7 of 9 DEMOCRATS
  7. 7. More party stuff
  8. 8. What is a political party? A political party is a group of persons joined together on the basis of common principles , who seek to control government in order to affect certain public policies and programs (this applies to all political parties); for the two major parties (Republicans and Democrats), this definition changes a little: common principles are less important and controlling government through the winning of elections serves as the central goal .
  9. 9. What do parties do? <ul><li>Nominate candidates </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Parties select candidates </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Parties work to help their candidates win elections </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. What do parties do? <ul><li>Inform and activate supporters </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Parties inform voters on issues and raise interest about the issues </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>This is done through pamphlets, signs, commercials, buttons, stickers, etc. </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. What do parties do? <ul><li>Serve as insurance </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Parties make sure their candidates are of quality and check against misbehavior in office </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. What do parties do? <ul><li>Govern </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Partisanship , or loyalty to party, guides the way politicians conduct business </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. What do parties do? <ul><li>Serve as a watchdog </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The party out of power watches the behavior of the party in power , that is the party who controls the executive branch </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. <ul><li>Ideological parties : those based on a particular set of beliefs—a comprehensive view of the social, political, and economic </li></ul><ul><li>Single-issue parties : parties that concentrate on only one policy matter </li></ul><ul><li>Economic protest parties : arise during periods of recession/depression </li></ul><ul><li>Splinter parties : a fracture occurs within a major party forming a minor party </li></ul>Types of minor parties
  15. 15. What other options are out there? STABILITY LACK OF CHOICE USA WOULD REPRESENT THE VOTERS BETTER INSTABILITY; very unstable alliances “hold” together MOST DEMOCRACIES OF EUROPE CONTROL NO CHOICE DICTATORSHIPS: CUBA Type Advantages Disadvantages Example Two party Multiparty One-party
  16. 16. Who can vote? No voting discrimination on the basis of race or color Women have the right to vote DC residents can vote No poll tax can be collected to qualify for voting Voting age lowered to 18 Amendment Year What it did… 15 th 1870 19 th 1920 23 rd 1961 24 th 1964 26 th 1971
  17. 17. Who does vote? These factors correlate positively with voting participation: <ul><li>Higher levels of income </li></ul><ul><li>Higher levels of education </li></ul><ul><li>Higher levels of occupational status </li></ul><ul><li>Long-time residents of a community </li></ul><ul><li>Strong sense of party identification </li></ul><ul><li>Over 35 </li></ul><ul><li>Urban/suburban dwellers </li></ul>
  18. 18. Why don’t people vote? <ul><li>I cannot due to state regulations (see above) </li></ul><ul><li>I am traveling (2-3 million) </li></ul><ul><li>My religious beliefs do not permit me to vote (100,000) </li></ul><ul><li>I don’t trust politicians </li></ul><ul><li>My vote will make no difference. </li></ul><ul><li>It is an inconvenience. </li></ul><ul><li>The weather’s bad </li></ul><ul><li>The game is over. </li></ul><ul><li>I don’t care. </li></ul>