Constitutional Convention
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Notes 5: Constitutional Convention

Notes 5: Constitutional Convention

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  • Powers; representation; slavery Preserve order but protect liberty
  • Powers; representation; slavery Preserve order but protect liberty
  • Powers; representation; slavery Preserve order but protect liberty
  • Presented by Edmond Randolph
  • Powers; representation; slavery Preserve order but protect liberty
  • Presented by Edmond Randolph
  • Powers; representation; slavery Preserve order but protect liberty
  • Powers; representation; slavery Preserve order but protect liberty
  • Presented by Edmond Randolph

Constitutional Convention Presentation Transcript

  • 1.  
  • 2. Delegates appointed to the convention
    • 74
  • 3. Attended the meetings regularly
    • 55
  • 4. Signed the document
    • 39
  • 5. Refused to sign the document
    • 3
  • 6. Average age of those in attendance
    • 42
  • 7. Years: Age of the youngest delegate, Jonathan Dayton
    • 27
  • 8. Years: Age of the oldest delegate, Benjamin Franklin
    • 81
  • 9. George Washington
  • 10. James Madison
  • 11. Alexander Hamilton
  • 12. George Mason
  • 13. Benjamin Franklin
  • 14. Thomas Jefferson
  • 15. John Adams
  • 16. Patrick Henry
  • 17. Charles Norris
  • 18. When? May 25—September 17, 1787
  • 19. Where? Independence Hall; Philadelphia, PA
  • 20. Where? Independence Hall; Philadelphia, PA
  • 21. Why? The Weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation
  • 22. Why? Major Points of Debate
    • POWERS OF THE NATIONAL GOVERNMENT/STATE GOVERNMENTS
    • LEGISLATIVE : Representation? Who elects?
    • EXECUTIVE : Number? Term length? Who elects?
    • JUDICIARY : How are courts created?
    • SLAVERY : Existence and representation?
    • A BILL OF RIGHTS?
  • 23.  
  • 24. Virginia Plan Presented by Edmund Randolph May 29; conceived by James Madison , “the Father of the Constitution”
  • 25. Virginia Plan LEGISLATIVE EXECUTIVE JUDICIAL COUNCIL OF REVISION Supreme Tribunals Elected by the people Proportional representation based on population/tax Elected by state legislatures Elects Establishes Inferior Courts HOUSE SENATE VETO
  • 26. New Jersey Plan Presented by William Paterson on June 13
  • 27. New Jersey Plan LEGISLATIVE EXECUTIVE JUDICIAL Supreme Tribunals Equal representation; vote as a state Elected by state legislatures Elects Establishes Inferior Courts HOUSE
    • Revision of the Articles
    • Empowers government to regulate commerce and collect revenue
    Multiple people
  • 28. Hamilton’s Plan Britain? Dear George, … People are now willing to accept something not very remote from that which they have lately quitted… The British government is the best in the world.
  • 29. The Great Compromise (Connecticut Compromise) Presented by Roger Sherman on July 5
  • 30. The Great Compromise Equal representation LEGISLATIVE EXECUTIVE JUDICIAL Supreme Court Elected by the people Proportional representation based on population (65) Elected by state legislatures Establishes Inferior Courts HOUSE SENATE Appoints Elected by Electoral College
    • “ A bundle of compromises”
    • Representation in Congress
    • Three-fifths compromise
    • 4-year term for President
    • Judicial appointment, Senate approval of justices
    JUDICIAL REVIEW
  • 31. Ratification
    • Federalists vs. Anti-Federalists
    • 9 out of 13 states needed to ratify
    • Two groups emerge
    • Federalists —for the ratification of the US Constitution; Anti-Federalists —opposed to its ratification
  • 32.
    • Arguments: The Anti-Federalists
    • Leading Anti-Federalists: Edmund Randolph, Patrick Henry, George Mason; leading state politicians
    • Why?
    • States would lose sovereignty
    • Too much Presidential power—monarchy, aristocracy
    • Republic: untested; US is too big
    • No Bill of Rights
  • 33.
    • Arguments: Federalist Defense
    • Leading Federalists: Alexander Hamilton, James Madison, John Jay…write The Federalist Papers under the name Publius
    • A defense of the republican form of government over (direct) democracy
  • 34.  
  • 35.
    • Victory in defeat for the Anti-Federalists
    Bill of Rights—first order of business for the new government; passed in 1791