WW I Turning Points

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WW I Turning Points

  1. 1. World War I Turning Points in 1917
  2. 2. Russian Revolution • Why did it happen? • Remember Tannenberg • social conditions • 9,000,000 casualties!
  3. 3. Why Does the Russian Rev Matter? • No Russia, no two front war • Russia loses a lot of land • first socialist revolution--ever!
  4. 4. U.S. Involvement in World War I
  5. 5. Initial Response in the United States • Confusion? • Citizens had divided loyalties • Goal: Isolation and Neutrality
  6. 6. Was the U.S. Really Neutral? • Yes • No • was not part of any • many citizens alliance thought Germany was barbaric • lent money and sold goods to both sides • lent more money to the Allies: $2.2 billion versus $30 million
  7. 7. U.S. President Woodrow Wilson • thought war would end quickly • 1916 re-election: “He kept us out of war” • So why does the U.S. get involved???
  8. 8. Reason #1 Brutality of German military
  9. 9. Unrestricted Submarine Warfare • Sinking of the Lusitania • Sussex Pledge May 7, 1915 May 10, 1915
  10. 10. Reason #2: Zimmerman Telegram
  11. 11. Zimmerman Telegram Decoded *Look*--->
  12. 12. Reason #3: Financial • U.S. lent over $2 billion to the Allies • What if the Allies lose?
  13. 13. Reason #4: Identity • U.S. power and influence is growing • If Germany is barbaric, then what is the U.S.? • “war to end all wars” • “make the world safe for democracy”
  14. 14. U.S. Declares War--April 1917 • Draft • Propaganda--Committee on Public Information • Initial impact on the war • Sedition Act (1918)
  15. 15. U.S. Propaganda

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