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Updated civil rights

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Updated civil rights Presentation Transcript

  • 1. How do you legally create social change?The Power of Individuals and Grassroots Movements
  • 2. What they didn’t teach you in grade school about Dr. King• strong opponent of the Vietnam War• supporter of war on poverty• arrested and beaten• accusations• infidelities• FBI and the CIA• assassination conspiracies “Lifes most urgent question is: what are you doing for others?”
  • 3. Of A. Lhe.,ld,sslqg ,Irc T#illFoJEg http://foia.fbi.gov/ 1. the Problenfoiaindex/king.htm &r NsvEr$er1, 1975, llllllarD C. Sulllvan, &rer Asslstgrt Dlrector, hstl.e Inteltl.Bence Dlvlslcr, Fe&ral &seau of lrrvesdgadrn, tesdfi€d before the SenaceSelect Ccrntttee to Snrty Goverrcncal Operat{,ms trlth Respect to IntelLLgenca Actlvldes. Ile rclsted that fr6 late 1953 and ccncfndng rntlt the essasslngclerr of Dr. t{artfn l-uther Rlng, Jn . KJng nas r.he target of an LOOK--> lntenshe c4atgn by rne F.B.I. to nestr&ffze hls 8s gr effeetlw dvll Text leader. rf$rrc SulUrrarr ststed t]ar tn LOOK--> the rnar egalnsc Kfng Nt holds rlere berred." (Saate Ecpcrrt lb. 9b755, IY,nal Seporc of the Select Cosd,ttee to SErrrftGcnrcmcrrtal 0p€ratJcrrs wlt$ Respect to . IntelEgence Acdvfd€s, Bock II, p, 11). thls srd otlrer testlury descrtblng, thls F.B.I. cornterlntelllgmce cryalgn agafns! Klrg reached r.he pr$ftc througfi tlre newsp+<lle. As a ccrlsegEncethere $as a re8eneratlcr of the rridespread gpeqd^atlm m t}re posslblllty thet the ereau uy trarn had sG, r€sponslbltlty tn Dr. Rlngr. &atlr and uy not hate dare n &partlal ard tlro"prdl tmnsctgadorr of the sssasslnatlcr.
  • 4. X and the Nation of Islam• Why did X and the Nation become popular?• bio connections• change can’t be legislated
  • 5. Similarities and Differences: Martin vs Malcolm 1964
  • 6. Differences: MLK vs X• stable, middle class childhood • abuse, foster care, criminal• non violent direct action • whatever means necessary• integration • separation*• use the system • system is corrupt• frustration and depression • impact of the Hajj• 1963 survey: 88% approval rate • 1963 survey: 15% approval rate
  • 7. Similarities• powerful public speakers• (partially) inspired by religion• took a stand against the status quo• imprisoned (but for different reasons)• investigated by the FBI and CIA• opposed the war in Vietnam• assassinated for their beliefs (X =1965, MLK=1968)• inspirational/icons
  • 8. The Black Panther Party Who were they and what did they do?
  • 9. Huey Newton Who?• originally formed in Cali• BPP for Self Defense• formed shortly after the assassination of X• grass roots programs• secular• supported all minority groups• black power!
  • 10. Black Panther Programs• police patrol• breakfast• day care• medical care• reduce street violence• clothing• GED
  • 11. Problems • the media (image vs impact) • COINTELPRO • role of white people • arrest of founding member • police shoot outs"the greatest threat to the internal security of the country" --J. Edgar Hoover