Origin of Democracy in the USA

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Origin of Democracy in the USA

  1. 1. The Origin of Democracy in the United States The Influence of Greek, Roman, Judeo-Christian, English Ideas and the Enlightenment
  2. 2. Athens 500 BCE • demos kratos • direct democracy • Who was a citizen? • Council of 500 • role of assembly • role of slaves
  3. 3. Rome 6th c. BCE Key facts • • first republic • • patrician vs plebeian established a clear hierarchy 12 Tables Structure of gov • two consuls (executive • • • magistrates/praetors and judicial power) senate assembly
  4. 4. Judeo-Christian Tradition • Ten Commandments (murder, theft, lying...) • “...all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights...” (DOI) • Leviticus 25:10--”Proclaim liberty throughout all the land unto all the inhabitants thereof.” • Genesis 8:21--all men are sinners
  5. 5. English Influence: Part 1 • Magna Carta (Great Charter) 1215 • move to limit the power of the king • creation of Parliament • king must follow laws • due process • short vs long-term effects
  6. 6. English Influence: Part 2 • Petition of Right (1628) • Glorious Revolution (1689) • English Bill of Rights (1689) • Locke’s Second Treatise of Government (1690) • Commentaries on the Law (1765)
  7. 7. What to study... • • • • • • • Road to the Constitution ppt • Origins of Democracy in the USA Examining the Constitution chart DOI vs Constitution chart Checks and balances chart Federalist vs Anti-Federalist papers Bill of Rights illustrations Bill of Rights in Action examples (1st, 4th and 8th Amendments)

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