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  • 1. Modernism What is it? Why did it happen? Why does it matter?
  • 2. Super Brief History of Thought • Greeks and Romans • Middle Ages: church power and the plague • Renaissance: humanism and exploration • Protestant Reformation • Scientific Revolution & Enlightenment: empiricism
  • 3. What is modernism? “At the start of the 20th c., continuity snapped” • radical shift in art, literature and philosophy • influenced by scientific developments and global events • themes • what do we truly know?
  • 4. What do you see?
  • 5. What do you see?
  • 6. How many legs do you see?
  • 7. Are the horizontal lines parallel or do they slope?
  • 8. Count the black dots
  • 9. What’s happening?
  • 10. Which line is longer?
  • 11. Modernism in Action • Significance of images • Literature • Art
  • 12. Modernism--Literature Kafka’s The Metamorphosis reality vs perception stream of consciousness non-linear time
  • 13. William Butler Yeats “The Second Coming” “Things fall apart; the centre cannot hold; Mere anarchy is loosed upon the world, The blood-dimmed tide is loosed, and everywhere The ceremony of innocence is drowned...”
  • 14. Modernism-Art What is the perception of normalcy? abstract: cubism and surrealism linear perspective is out
  • 15. Picasso’s Cubism “Landscape with Bridge” (1909) “The Guitar Player”
  • 16. Surrealism: Salvador Dali’s “Persistence of Time (1931)”
  • 17. Dali’s “Face of War” (1940)
  • 18. Fragmentation M.C. Escher’s “Bond of Union” (1953)
  • 19. M.C. Escher’s “Reptiles” (1943) What is real?
  • 20. Everything is relative M.C. Escher’s “Relativity” (1953)
  • 21. Why did Modernism Happen? • Global Events • Developments in the “hard” sciences • Developments in the social sciences
  • 22. Impact of World War I Disillusion Why did I survive? Dehumanization Mechanized Death http://www.richthofen.com/france_at_war/premiereligne.jpg
  • 23. Albert Einstein • theory of relativity (1920) • space and time relationship • highway example
  • 24. Uncovering the subatomic world • Marie Curie • atoms are divisible • radioactivity • two Nobel Prizes
  • 25. Ivan Pavlov conditional vs innate reflexes no natural laws sane vs psychotic
  • 26. Development of Psychology • “father of modern psychology” • controversial ideas • humans are irrational Sigmund Freud
  • 27. Freud’s Four Important Ideas behavior is rooted in the unconscious (id) mind is fragmented into three parts: id, superego and ego The Interpretation of Dreams (1900) competing drives of eros and thanatos
  • 28. Why does it matter? • Contradicted parts of the Scientific Revolution • New round: What is human nature? • Where do we fit in the universe? • What do I know? Is it possible to know anything?