Imperialism short 2010

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Imperialism introduction (shorter version)

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Imperialism short 2010

  1. 1. Introduction to Imperialism (mid 19th to early 20th century)
  2. 2. What is Imperialism? • when one nation completely dominates the economy and government of another nation
  3. 3. Four Motives Behind Imperialism • Nationalism! • Racism and ethnocentrism (Christian mission + “white man’s burden”) • Industrialization and capitalism • Sense of adventure
  4. 4. Spain in Latin America Why? Cortes in Mexico Spain vs Portugal
  5. 5. England’s Dominance
  6. 6. England in India
  7. 7. The “Scramble for Africa” • first Euro contact was approx mid 1400s • hundreds of different tribes flourished • Obstacles: African armies, disease and terrain • by 1880, Europe controlled 10% of Africa • By1914: Europe controls 96% of Africa!!!
  8. 8. AFRICA 1880 By1914: Europe controls 96% of Africa!!!
  9. 9. Why Was Europe Successful? • divide and conquer strategy • military and technological advantages • medical developments; especially quinine • 77% of Euros had died from disease (UCal)
  10. 10. Effects of Imperialism: Conflicts • Berlin Conference (1884) • Boer War (1899-1902) in S. Africa • Post WW I and WW II (impact of nationalism) • Countries compete for natural resources

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