What is Imperialism?• the social, economic and political domination of one nation over another nation Egyptian cartoon
Motives Behind ImperialismFirst Wave: late 15th-18th c Second Wave:19th-mid 20th c • royal colonies • Nationalism! • gold, spices and slaves • Racism and ethnocentrism (Christian mission + “white • Christianity man’s burden”) • Sense of adventure/curiosity • Industrialization and capitalism • Sense of adventure/curiosity
”It is our duty to seize every opportunity of acquiring more territory...the Anglo- Saxon race is the best, the most human, most honourable race the world possesses.” --Cecil Rhodes Confession of FaithEuropean Justiﬁcation for Imperialism
The Start of the “Scramble for Africa”• ﬁrst Euro contact was approx mid 1400s• hundreds of different tribes ﬂourished• Obstacles: African armies, disease and terrain• by 1880, Europe controlled 10% of Africa
AFRICA 1880By1914: Europe controls 96% of Africa!!!
Why Was Europe Successful? 500 rounds per minute!• Africa wasn’t united: divide and conquer strategy• military and technological advantages• medical developments; especially quinine • 77% of Euros had died from disease (UCal)
Conﬂicts from Imperialism: European vs. European• Countries compete for resources, such as rubber, cocoa and diamonds• Berlin Conference (1884)• Boer War (1899-1902) in S. Africa• Post WW I and WW II
Pros and Cons of European Imperialism• infrastructure improved • lose independence• education • society’s are split• medicine • new borders• exposure to new tech • death and murder• pan Africanism • monocultures • legacy of domination
Japan in Asia Text• China (parts), Korea and Vietnam
United States• Monroe Doctrine• Hawaii• Puerto Rico• Guam• Cuba• Philippines• Panama• Iraq?