The Reformation in Europe A Sea Change in World History
Why did it start? Corruption of the Catholic Church (Part I) simony favors for friends indulgences sexual relations material vs spiritual goals“As soon as the coin in the coffer rings, the soul from purgatory springs.”
Why else did it start?• Crusades• Black Plague• Humanism and the temporal world• European exploration
I’m a monk andLeader of the Reformation: a professor Martin Luther• anger about indulgences• 95 Theses (1517)• salvation only through faith• interpreting the Bible*• opposed professional priesthood• the printing press• his goals
Impact of his Ideas• big picture: religious revolutions throughout Europe!• creation of new faiths• Church services delivered in vernacular• Bible is translated• congregations sings• peasant revolts!• Counter Reformation
Consequences for Luther• recant or else!• EXCOMMUNICATION!!!• friends in high places...
Why did it start?• “Defender of the Faith”• political instead of theological• King Henry VIII and Catharine• the Pope and Charles V• Act of Supremacy
Effects of the English Reformation• creation of the Church of England It’s good to be the king!• guess who is the leader?• EXCOMMUNICATION!• key similarities/differences with Catholicism• economic and political impact (cha ching!)
Henry’s Wives imprisoned beheaded child birth annulment beheaded outlived the king!• Henry VIII on the dating scene king of divorce• irony www.pbs.org/wnet/sixwives/meet/ ca_handbook_main.html
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