Agent Orange By: Mark, Andy and Dennis
What is Agent Orange?
- Agent Orange is a herbicidal defoliant
- Named for the orange band on the 55 gallon drums it was shipped in
- Used to destroy the NLF cover in the jungles of Vietnam
- An estimated 20million gallons dropped on Vietnam from 1961-71
- Part of operation Ranch Hand
Operation Ranch Hand
- Herbicidal warfare program employed in Vietnam
- Agent Orange was the most commonly used among the “Rainbow Herbicides”
- The plan was by using the herbicides it would reduce the cover of the Vietcong forcing them in to open combat
- The herbicides would be sprayed from airplanes and helicopters
- Used to kill the foliage of plants
- Made with a chemical called Dioxin
- Now dioxin studies have shown that it makes those exposed to it in high doses more susceptible to cancer and other viral diseases
- Of all the herbicides used in Vietnam only the least used contained no dioxin
The Rainbow Agents
- There are six agents all together; orange purple, pink, green, blue, and white
- Only the first four contain Dioxin. Blue and white were made of a different compound
- The map shows how much of each was used in what province of Vietnam
- (the type of agent is represented by its first letter)
Manufacturers of Agent Orange
Statement by Dow Chemicals
- Diamond Shamrock Co. ,Hercules Inc., Uniroyal Inc., T-H Agricultural & Nutrition Company, and Thompson Chemicals Corporation .
- Since the 80’s there has been Vietnam Vets suing the manufactures of Agent Orange
- The largest settlement for the Veterans was in 1984 for 180 million dollars
- Calculate that out its 1,200 for only the most effected Vets
Agent Oranges Effect on Vietnam
- 1 million victims of Agent Orange in Vietnam.
- In villages sprayed by defoliants they have 2.4 % birth defects compared to the national average of .6%.
- 10% of Vietnam had been sprayed by defoliants.
- Vietnam has rehabilitation centers such as Friendship Village ,
- "Agent Orange." Wikipedia . 21 May 2008. Wikimedia. 19 May 2008 <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Agent_Orange>.
- "Agent Orange and Other Chemicals." Digger History . 21 May 2008 <http://www.diggerhistory.info/pages-conflicts-periods/vietnam/agent-orange.htm>.
- "Agent Orange." 15th Field Artillery Regiment . 31 July 2007. Landscaper.Net. 19 May 2008 <http://www.landscaper.net/agent.htm>.
- "Agent Orange Information." Law Offices of Thomas J. Lamb, P.a. 19 May 2008 <http://www.lamblawoffice.com/Agent-Orange-information.html>.
- Alexander, Paul. "Agent Orange Effects Still Being Felt 25 Years After End of Vietnam War." Common Dreams . 23 Apr. 2000. 22 May 2008 <http://www.commondreams.org/headlines/042300-01.htm>.