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  • 1. Web-Based Systems: Initial Questions  What is a Web-Based System?  How is it build?dsbw 2011/2012 q1 1
  • 2. What Is a Web-Based System? “A software system based on technologies and standards of the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) that provides Web specific resources such as content and services through a user interface, the Web browser” (Kappel et al.) Therefore, this definition excludes:  Web sites without software components (e.g. static HTML pages)‫‏‬  Web services Web-Based System = Web Applicationdsbw 2011/2012 q1 2
  • 3. Categories of Web-Based Systems Ubiquitous Semantic-Web COMPLEXITY Social-Web Collaborative Workflow- Based Portal- Transactional Oriented Interactive Document- Centric DEVELOPMENT HISTORYdsbw 2011/2012 q1 3
  • 4. Characteristics of Web-Based Systems Network intensiveness  Internet  Intranet Global reach and Unpredictability  Who are the users?  Usage patterns  Backgrounds: language, culture, age, education, ...  How many users?  Potential / Occasional / Frequent users  Concurrency: average, peaks Competition and Differentiationdsbw 2011/2012 q1 4
  • 5. Characteristics of Web-Based Systems Space / Time  Internationalization  Location-aware services  Availability Hypertext  No-linearity  Navigation Content-driven  Document-centric  Multimediadsbw 2011/2012 q1 5
  • 6. Characteristics of Web-Based Systems Look and feel  Usability  Accessibility  Aesthetics Continuous Evolution Securitydsbw 2011/2012 q1 6
  • 7. Technologies for Web-Based Systems Web Standards  HTTP, HTML, XML, CSS, etc Programming Languages:  PHP, Javascript, Perl, Java, C#, etc Component Frameworks:  J2EE: Servlets, JSP, EJB  .NET: ASP.NET Web Frameworks:  PHP: Symfony, Mojavi, CakePHP, Prado, etc  Java: Struts, Spring, Tapestry, Turbine, Webworks, etc Security:  Firewalls, Cryptography, Authenticationdsbw 2011/2012 q1 7
  • 8. Web Engineering “Web Engineering is the application of systematic and quantifiable approaches (concepts, methods, techniques, tools) to cost-effective requirements analysis, design, implementation, testing, operation, and maintenance of high- quality Web applications”. (Kappel et al.) A Web Engineering Process must accommodate  Incremental delivery  Frequent changes  Short timeline Therefore,  An incremental process model should be used in virtually all situations (e.g. RUP)‫‏‬  An agile process model is appropriate in many situationsdsbw 2011/2012 q1 8
  • 9. The Web Engineering Process Acceptance test Coding Customer’s‫‏‬feedback Component testing Release Design models Analysis models Umbrella activitesBusiness analysisVision document Change management Iteration plan Quality assurance Risk management Project management dsbw 2011/2012 q1 9
  • 10. Web Engineering: Techniques and Tools Communication among participants  Formal/informal meetings, documentation, e-mail, demos, project management tools, etc. Requirements elicitation  Communication with stakeholders, vision documents, use cases, CASE tools, etc. Modeling  UML artifacts, design patterns, CASE tools, etc. Construction  Programming techniques, code editors, compilers, version management, installers, IDE, open source code, etc. Testing  Strategies, tools, etc.dsbw 2011/2012 q1 10
  • 11. Web Engineering: The People Domain experts Content developers/providers Web editors Web engineers: We! Support team  System evolution: patches, adaptations, improvements Administrator (webmaster)‫‏‬  Statistics, tuning, security, etcdsbw 2011/2012 q1 11
  • 12. References R. G. Pressman, D. Lowe: Web Engineering. A Practitioner’s Approach. McGraw Hill, 2008. Chapters 1-2. KAPPEL, Gerti et al: Web Engineering. Wiley, 2006. Chapter 1.dsbw 2011/2012 q1 12