The Earth’s Climate Zones CLIMATE: the pattern of weather of a place over many years TEMPERATE ZONE: Found between the Tropic of Cancer and the Arctic Circle (Northern Hemisphere) and between the Tropic of Capricorn and the Antarctic Circle (Southern Hemisphere) POLAR ZONE: An area north of the Arctic Circle and south of the Antarctic Circle TROPICAL ZONE: Area between the Tropic of Capricorn and the Tropic of Cancer PRECIPITATION: the falling of moisture such as rain and snow
Climate zones Atlas: Page 128 You will need: Red, Blue, Green colors Label and write latitudes for: Equator Tropic of Cancer Tropic of Capricorn Arctic Circle Antarctic Circle Using your definitions, color in the three Climate Zones. Use this key: Temperate: Green Polar: Blue Tropical: Red
Honduras Guatemala El Salvador Barbados Fiji Colombia Ecuador Panama Nicaragua Namibia Ghana Senegal 13. South Africa 14. Mozambique 15. Uganda 16. Kenya 17. Eritrea 18. Pakistan 19. Moldova 20. Solomon Islands 21. Jamaica Country List
Climate Geographers divide earth into climate zones Each zone has a different pattern of precipitation and temperature This pattern is shown on a climagraph Bars show monthly precipitation Curved line shows temperature per month
12 different Climate zones Ice Cap Subarctic Marine West Coast Tundra Highlands Humid Continental Mediterranean Semiarid Tropical Wet and Dry Humid Subtropical Arid Tropical Wet
Population Density Use textbook page 34-35 Answer, in complete sentences, in class notes: What is population density? How does a geographer calculate the density of a place? How does population density affect how people live? List the 5 categories for population density and list at least two cities that fit into each category using the maps around the room.
Population Density What is it? A measure that tells us how crowded a place is Higher number= more crowded the place is!
New York City: 26,000 people per mile! Mongolia: 4 people per mile Population Density
Different ways of showing population density NY Times Map
Population Density On your index card, next line down: Using the absolute location of your country, write down the population density of your country.
Economic Activity: Land and resources How do people USE the land they live on? It is different because everyone uses the land they live on to meet their needs Examples: farming, mining.
Economic Activity: Land and resources Economic activity depends on a country’s resources
Economic Activity: Land and resources Other resources: Fossil Fuels (oil, coal, natural gas), uranium, moving water= provide fuel and power
Land Use Hunting and Gathering Subsistence Farming Commercial Farming Nomadic Herding Livestock Raising Commercial Fishing Forestry Trade and Manufacturing Each should have a picture, definition, and example!
Example: Hunting and Gathering: people hunt for animals and gather plants for food. Example: hunters in Greenland