Unit One: Part One: Notes <br />Why Study Social Studies?<br />Map Reading<br />Measuring Time<br />Elements of Geography<...
What exactly is social studies? <br />WHY STUDY SOCIAL STUDIES??<br />
Why Study Social Studies? <br />4 Main Topics in Social Studies:<br />1. History<br />2. Government<br />3. Economy<br />4...
Parts of a Map- TOGKS	<br />Title<br />Orientation<br />Grid<br />Key<br />Scale<br />
Title<br />Describes what the map is showing<br />Examples: <br />“Climates of the United States”<br />“Spain: Political”<...
Orientation<br />A Compass Rose that tells you where the cardinal directions of north, south, east, and west are positione...
Grid<br /> A Pattern of lines usually running horizontally and vertically, that helps you find specific locations on a map...
Key (Legend)<br />A map key explains the lines, symbols, and colors used on a map. <br />
Scale<br />A scale bar helps you figure out distance on a map. It tells you what the distance on the earth is represented ...
Measuring Time<br />Historians rely on calendars and the dating of events to measure time<br />B.C.= Before Christ <br />T...
To date events before the birth of Christ<br />Count backwards from A.D. 1<br />There is no Year 0!!<br />So, the year bef...
How many years between?<br />The rise of Mesopotamia (3000BC) to the fall of Rome (AD 475)	Answer: 3475 years <br />The be...
Map Projections Review<br />Good’s Interrupted Equal Area<br />Peeled-orange<br />Shows the true size of continents <br />...
Map Projections Review<br />WinkelTripel<br />Good overall view of continent shapes and sizes<br />Mercator<br />Shows tru...
General Purpose Maps<br />Physical<br />Political <br />
The 6 Elements of Geography <br />To understand how our world is connected, geographers break down our world into 6 “theme...
Element One: The World in Spatial Terms<br />“Where is it?”<br />Two types of location:<br />1. Absolute location: the exa...
Element Two: Places and Regions <br />Place: Describes what a place is like by its physical and human characteristics <br ...
Element Three: Physical Systems <br />Language, landforms, plants, and animals <br />“How do these things shape the earth’...
Element Four: Human Systems <br />“How have humans shaped the world?”<br />“Why do people settle in one place and not anot...
Element Five: Environment and Society<br />“How do our surroundings effect the way we live?” <br />“How do people use the ...
Element Six: The Uses of Geography<br />Using geography and its tools to understand the relationships between people, plac...
Latitude and Longitude<br />Latitude Lines:<br />Run horizontally <br />A.K.A. parallels- because they are parallel to the...
Latitude Lines<br />Always measure these first!<br />They run east to west but measure north and south <br />“Ladder Tude”...
Longitude Lines<br />Run vertically <br />A.K.A. meridians <br />Not equal distance from each other <br />Touch at poles <...
How do we write latitude and longitude?<br />Latitude, Longitude<br />Examples: <br />38° N Lat., 96° W Long.<br />35° S L...
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Unit One Notes 1

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Unit One Notes 1

  1. 1. Unit One: Part One: Notes <br />Why Study Social Studies?<br />Map Reading<br />Measuring Time<br />Elements of Geography<br />Latitude and Longitude<br />
  2. 2. What exactly is social studies? <br />WHY STUDY SOCIAL STUDIES??<br />
  3. 3. Why Study Social Studies? <br />4 Main Topics in Social Studies:<br />1. History<br />2. Government<br />3. Economy<br />4. Geography <br />Depending on your number, try to come up with a definition for your topic. <br />
  4. 4. Parts of a Map- TOGKS <br />Title<br />Orientation<br />Grid<br />Key<br />Scale<br />
  5. 5. Title<br />Describes what the map is showing<br />Examples: <br />“Climates of the United States”<br />“Spain: Political”<br />“Empires and States in Africa” <br />
  6. 6. Orientation<br />A Compass Rose that tells you where the cardinal directions of north, south, east, and west are positioned. <br />
  7. 7. Grid<br /> A Pattern of lines usually running horizontally and vertically, that helps you find specific locations on a map<br />
  8. 8. Key (Legend)<br />A map key explains the lines, symbols, and colors used on a map. <br />
  9. 9. Scale<br />A scale bar helps you figure out distance on a map. It tells you what the distance on the earth is represented by the measurement on the scale bar. <br />
  10. 10. Measuring Time<br />Historians rely on calendars and the dating of events to measure time<br />B.C.= Before Christ <br />Treat like negative numbers <br />A.D.= Anno Domini, Latin for “ in the year of our Lord” <br />Like positive numbers <br />
  11. 11. To date events before the birth of Christ<br />Count backwards from A.D. 1<br />There is no Year 0!!<br />So, the year before A.D. 1 is 1 B.C. <br />Notice how A.D. comes before the year; and B.C. comes after the year<br />To date events after the birth of Christ<br />Count forwards from A.D. 1<br />
  12. 12. How many years between?<br />The rise of Mesopotamia (3000BC) to the fall of Rome (AD 475) Answer: 3475 years <br />The beginning of the Renaissance (AD 1500) to the end of the Age of Exploration (AD 1800) Answer: 300 years<br />The rise of Chinese civilization (2200 BC) to its collapse (1100 BC) Answer: 1100 years<br />The rise of Greece (2600 BC) to the fall of Rome (AD 475)Answer: 3075 years <br />The rise of Rome (625 BC) tothe end of the Middle Ages (AD 1500) Answer: 2125 years<br />The rise of Mesopotamia (3000 BC) to the end of the Age of Exploration (AD 1800)Answer: 4800 years <br />
  13. 13. Map Projections Review<br />Good’s Interrupted Equal Area<br />Peeled-orange<br />Shows the true size of continents <br />Robinson Projection<br />Areas near poles distorted <br />
  14. 14. Map Projections Review<br />WinkelTripel<br />Good overall view of continent shapes and sizes<br />Mercator<br />Shows true direction and land shapes<br />Does not show accurate size of continents or distance<br />Distorted as you move away from the equator <br />
  15. 15. General Purpose Maps<br />Physical<br />Political <br />
  16. 16. The 6 Elements of Geography <br />To understand how our world is connected, geographers break down our world into 6 “themes” or “elements” <br />
  17. 17. Element One: The World in Spatial Terms<br />“Where is it?”<br />Two types of location:<br />1. Absolute location: the exact spot on the earth where something can be found<br />Example: Tohickon is at 40 degrees North latitude and 75 degrees West longitude.<br />2. Relative location: where something is located in relation to something else<br />Example: Tohickon is south of my house. <br />
  18. 18. Element Two: Places and Regions <br />Place: Describes what a place is like by its physical and human characteristics <br />Physical: Landforms, Climate, animal life<br />“What does it look like outside your window?”<br />Human: Religions, languages, customs<br />“What are people like?” <br />Region: places that have one or more things in common<br />
  19. 19. Element Three: Physical Systems <br />Language, landforms, plants, and animals <br />“How do these things shape the earth’s surface?”<br />
  20. 20. Element Four: Human Systems <br />“How have humans shaped the world?”<br />“Why do people settle in one place and not another?”<br />Boundary lines <br />Movement: 2 types<br />Communication: movement of ideas<br />Transportation: movement of people and goods <br />
  21. 21. Element Five: Environment and Society<br />“How do our surroundings effect the way we live?” <br />“How do people use the environment?”<br />“How do humans change the environment?” <br />Human/Environment Interaction: 2 types:<br />Adapt: when people adjust to the environment<br />Modify: when people change the environment to meet their needs <br />
  22. 22. Element Six: The Uses of Geography<br />Using geography and its tools to understand the relationships between people, places, and the environment.<br />Example:<br />A meteorologist using latitude and longitude to predict a path of a hurricane <br />
  23. 23. Latitude and Longitude<br />Latitude Lines:<br />Run horizontally <br />A.K.A. parallels- because they are parallel to the equator<br />Equal distance from each other (about 70 miles apart)<br />
  24. 24. Latitude Lines<br />Always measure these first!<br />They run east to west but measure north and south <br />“Ladder Tude” <br />
  25. 25. Longitude Lines<br />Run vertically <br />A.K.A. meridians <br />Not equal distance from each other <br />Touch at poles <br />Farthest apart at the equator <br />
  26. 26. How do we write latitude and longitude?<br />Latitude, Longitude<br />Examples: <br />38° N Lat., 96° W Long.<br />35° S Lat., 30° E Long.<br />

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