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1.   According to     Pericles, what made     Athens great?2.   Why do you think     Pericles would call     Athens the “s...
   When was it?    ◦ The period of      roughly 480 BC-404      BC   What was it?    ◦ A time when Athens      produced ...
   Public buildings and    spaces were the pride    of Athens   Acropolis “high city”-    temples to the gods
The Acropolis, today
   Most famous temple    on the acropolis   Huge statue of    Athena in it
Philosophy
   “Lovers of wisdom”    ◦ Philos- lover    ◦ Sophist-wise   Believed the human    mind could    understand everything ...
   Socrates    ◦ Socratic      Method-      Asked      students to      use their      reason and      see things      fo...
   One of Socrates’ students   Wrote “The Republic”    ◦ Society should be arranges      like this:    ◦ Top: Philosophe...
   Student of Plato   Taught the Golden    Mean- people should    do nothing in excess   Used scientific    approach to...
ReligionTemple of Apollo at Delphi
   Extremely important to    the Greeks- this is    shown in the temples   Gods and goddesses    had power over an area ...
   Oracle- “to    speak”   Oracles were    thought to be    portals    through which    the gods    spoke directly    to...
Architecture       Acropolis
•Cornice is the set of crowning moldings                              that cap an entablature in Classical                ...
Doric    Ionic       Corinthian       Column   Colum         Column                   nAmphitheaters            Arches Aqu...
   The Doric style is rather    sturdy and its top (the    capital), is plain.
Doric Columns on Thomas     Jefferson’s house
   The Ionic style is thinner    and more elegant.   The capital is decorated    with a scroll-like design
   The Corinthian style is    seldom used in the Greek    world, but often seen on    Roman temples.   The capital is ve...
US Supreme CourtUS Capitol Building
   Amphi- means "around" in    Greek.   The amphitheatre was the place    where people went to see fights.   Usually ou...
Beaver Stadium, PSU
Dodoni Ancient Greek Theater,    The Arch of Constantine;     Northwest Greece           background right, the Colosseum.
Sports
   Main goal- to honor    the gods and    goddesses   Most famous    games- Olympics    ◦ Honored Zeus, ruler of      th...
Unit 2 Notes 2
Unit 2 Notes 2
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Unit 2 Notes 2

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Golden Age of Athens

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Transcript of "Unit 2 Notes 2"

  1. 1. 1. According to Pericles, what made Athens great?2. Why do you think Pericles would call Athens the “school of Greece”?3. How did he help Athens dominate the Delian League?4. How did Pericles make Athens more democratic?5. How did culture in Athens blossom under Pericles?
  2. 2.  When was it? ◦ The period of roughly 480 BC-404 BC What was it? ◦ A time when Athens produced some of the most enduring cultural artifacts of the Western tradition Why did it occur? ◦ End of the Persian Wars ◦ Delian League established
  3. 3.  Public buildings and spaces were the pride of Athens Acropolis “high city”- temples to the gods
  4. 4. The Acropolis, today
  5. 5.  Most famous temple on the acropolis Huge statue of Athena in it
  6. 6. Philosophy
  7. 7.  “Lovers of wisdom” ◦ Philos- lover ◦ Sophist-wise Believed the human mind could understand everything Socrates, Plato, Aristotl e, Pythagoras
  8. 8.  Socrates ◦ Socratic Method- Asked students to use their reason and see things for themselves ◦ Put to death for “threatening ” leaders ◦ Drank poison to carry out jury’s sentence
  9. 9.  One of Socrates’ students Wrote “The Republic” ◦ Society should be arranges like this: ◦ Top: Philosopher-Kings, who rule with reason ◦ Warriors- to defend ◦ The Rest- Driven by desire Started a school called the Academy
  10. 10.  Student of Plato Taught the Golden Mean- people should do nothing in excess Used scientific approach to solve problems
  11. 11. ReligionTemple of Apollo at Delphi
  12. 12.  Extremely important to the Greeks- this is shown in the temples Gods and goddesses had power over an area of life Example: ◦ Ares: god of war ◦ Apollo: god of sun, poetry, and music
  13. 13.  Oracle- “to speak” Oracles were thought to be portals through which the gods spoke directly to people
  14. 14. Architecture Acropolis
  15. 15. •Cornice is the set of crowning moldings that cap an entablature in Classical architecture.cornice •The Doric order is characterized by the series of triglyphs and metopes on the entablature. •Each metope was occupied by a panel of triglyph relief sculpture. metope •Architrave:The word is derived from the Greek word for main beam. architrave •Capital: The topmost element of the column, helps to transfer loads from beams to columns. capital •Shaft: The long round section of aflute shaft column between the base and the capital.
  16. 16. Doric Ionic Corinthian Column Colum Column nAmphitheaters Arches Aqueducts Theaters
  17. 17.  The Doric style is rather sturdy and its top (the capital), is plain.
  18. 18. Doric Columns on Thomas Jefferson’s house
  19. 19.  The Ionic style is thinner and more elegant. The capital is decorated with a scroll-like design
  20. 20.  The Corinthian style is seldom used in the Greek world, but often seen on Roman temples. The capital is very elaborate and decorated with leaves
  21. 21. US Supreme CourtUS Capitol Building
  22. 22.  Amphi- means "around" in Greek. The amphitheatre was the place where people went to see fights. Usually outdoor arenas where people watched sporting events and plays.
  23. 23. Beaver Stadium, PSU
  24. 24. Dodoni Ancient Greek Theater, The Arch of Constantine; Northwest Greece background right, the Colosseum.
  25. 25. Sports
  26. 26.  Main goal- to honor the gods and goddesses Most famous games- Olympics ◦ Honored Zeus, ruler of the gods, at Olympia
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