January 12, 2010: Earthquake in Haiti GRESSIER 40-50% destroyed Population 25,000 LEOGANE 80-90% destroyed Population: 134,000 5,000-10,000 people killed CARREFOUR 40-50% destroyed Population: 334,000 PORT-AU-PRINCE Population: 2,000,000 500,000 located in 447 makeshift settlements PETIT GOAVE 15% destroyed Population: 254,000 1,077 people killed HAITI EARTHQUAKE STASTICS 230,000 deaths 200,000 injuries 1,000,000 displacements 2,000,000 in need of food assistance 3,000,000 affected
Media Penetration in Haiti Radio ownership in Haiti is virtually universal: 97 % of respondents own a working radio. Haiti's 9.6 million people possessed only 108,000 landlines in 2009 (142nd in the world per capita) compared to 3.6 million cell phones. Almost 10 % of Haitians described as "Internet users“ – but infrastructure problematic. Haiti's newspapers have been hampered by the country's 52 % literacy rate.
Media and Communications Ecosystem
Satellite Image of Port-au-Prince
Map of Port-au-Prince
Tufts-Ushahidi and Mission 4636 An ad hoc coalition quickly took shape, anchored by a group of graduate students at Tufts University in Boston.
Mission 4636 The coalition of Haitian diaspora, technology volunteers and companies created a solution to transform crowdsourced data to actionable information.
Short Code 4636 provided as free service by Haitian telecom Digicel
Over 1000 Creole speaking volunteers translate SMS messages
Messages then streamed back to relief groups in Haiti.
Two weeks after the earthquake, Crowdflower took over management
Example of an SMS Emergency Report The following SMS message was sent by a doctor with the Tufts/Mission 4636 group to the United States Coast Guard to follow up with assistance. [1/24/10 5:17:47 PM] D. R– S-----: Two persons are trapped under the rubble at the Caribbean Market. One of them, Regine M-- - here is using this number: (+1+ 305 --- ---- to call for help. Coordinates: 18.522547, -72.283544. [names withheld to protect privacy]
Example of an SMS Message in Creole The following SMS message was sent in Creole with the Shortcode 4636 to the Ushahidi platform to follow up with assistance. [1/21/10 23:59] Jodi a fe 4 joumwen pa mange tanprimouingrangoumouinkay yon mounnansain marc rue louverturenumero 75. kowodone: 19.10196, -72.69954 [Very rough translation: Today haven’t eaten for 4 days, please in a basement Saint Marc Rue L’Ouverture #75]
Humanitarian Media Response Local Haitian media helped to connect international organizations to the Haitian public. Humanitarian information engagement in Haiti was notable for its preparedness, speed of response and attempts to integrate into local popular culture.
Radio: Signal FM Radio: Access can be shared easily and relatively cheaply among many people, serves both literate and illiterate populations. Haiti has over 250 commercial and community radio stations. Signal FM was the only radio station that stayed on the air continuously, broadcasting to an audience of nearly 3 million throughout the crisis.
Humanitarian Media Initiatives International organizations supported local humanitarian media initiatives. They included: Internews IMS AMARC International Federation of Journalists (IFJ) UNESCO Reporters sans Frontiers These groups provided facilities for local journalists, cash grants, and technical equipment and training.
ENDK: News You Can Use The show began on 11 stations On January 21, Internews set up a humanitarian reporting project to report critical information.
The show began on 11 stations
The show reported on:
Water distribution points
Status of displaced persons
Public health advisories
The program became available
on 27 stations within a few weeks
U.S. Marine Corps. 22ND Marine Expeditionary Unit Craig Clarke, a civilian analyst for U.S. Marine Corps, worked with crisis mapping platform Ushahidi, to provide support for Marine rescue units on the ground. Reports from Ushahidi helped Marines: