Lessons haiti pres
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    Lessons haiti pres Lessons haiti pres Presentation Transcript

    • January 12, 2010: Earthquake in Haiti
      GRESSIER
      40-50% destroyed
      Population 25,000
      LEOGANE
      80-90% destroyed
      Population: 134,000
      5,000-10,000 people killed
      CARREFOUR
      40-50% destroyed
      Population: 334,000
      PORT-AU-PRINCE
      Population: 2,000,000
      500,000 located in 447 makeshift settlements
      PETIT GOAVE
      15% destroyed
      Population: 254,000
      1,077 people killed
      HAITI EARTHQUAKE STASTICS
      230,000 deaths
      200,000 injuries
      1,000,000 displacements
      2,000,000 in need of food assistance
      3,000,000 affected
    • Media Penetration in Haiti
      Radio ownership in Haiti is virtually universal: 97 % of respondents own a working radio.
      Haiti's 9.6 million people possessed only 108,000 landlines in 2009 (142nd in the world per capita) compared to 3.6 million cell phones.
      Almost 10 % of Haitians described as "Internet users“ – but infrastructure problematic.
      Haiti's newspapers have been hampered by the country's 52 % literacy rate.
    • Media and Communications Ecosystem
    • Satellite Image of Port-au-Prince
    • Map of Port-au-Prince
    • Tufts-Ushahidi and Mission 4636
      An ad hoc coalition quickly took shape, anchored by a group of graduate students at Tufts University in Boston.
    • Ushahidi-Haiti
    • Mission 4636
      The coalition of Haitian diaspora, technology volunteers and companies created a solution to transform crowdsourced data to actionable information.
      • Short Code 4636 provided as free service by Haitian telecom Digicel
      • Over 1000 Creole speaking volunteers translate SMS messages
      • Messages then streamed back to relief groups in Haiti.
      • Two weeks after the earthquake, Crowdflower took over management
    • Mission 4636: SMS Messages
      SMS to shortcode 4636
      Translation
      Geolocation
      Categorize
      Verification
      Mapping
      Report
    • Example of an
      SMS Emergency Report
      The following SMS message was sent by a doctor with the Tufts/Mission 4636 group to the United States Coast Guard to follow up with assistance.
      [1/24/10 5:17:47 PM]
      D. R– S-----: Two persons are trapped under the rubble at the Caribbean Market. One of them, Regine M-- - here is using this number: (+1+ 305 --- ---- to call for help.
      Coordinates: 18.522547, -72.283544.
      [names withheld to protect privacy]
    • Example of an
      SMS Message in Creole
      The following SMS message was sent in Creole with the Shortcode 4636 to the Ushahidi platform to follow up with assistance.
      [1/21/10 23:59]
      Jodi a fe 4 joumwen pa mange tanprimouingrangoumouinkay yon mounnansain marc rue louverturenumero 75.
      kowodone: 19.10196, -72.69954
      [Very rough translation: Today haven’t eaten for 4 days, please in a basement Saint Marc Rue L’Ouverture #75]
    • Humanitarian Media Response
      Local Haitian media helped to connect international organizations to the Haitian public.
      Humanitarian information engagement in Haiti was notable for its preparedness, speed of response and attempts to integrate into local popular culture.
    • Radio: Signal FM
      Radio: Access can be shared easily and relatively cheaply among many people, serves both literate and illiterate populations.
      Haiti has over 250 commercial and community radio stations.
      Signal FM was the only radio station that stayed on the air continuously, broadcasting to an audience of nearly 3 million throughout the crisis.
    • Humanitarian Media Initiatives
      International organizations supported local humanitarian media initiatives. They included:
      Internews
      IMS
      AMARC
      International Federation of Journalists (IFJ)
      UNESCO
      Reporters sans Frontiers
      These groups provided facilities for local journalists, cash grants, and technical equipment and training.
    • ENDK: News You Can Use
      The show began on 11 stations
      On January 21, Internews set up a humanitarian reporting project to report critical information.
      • The show began on 11 stations
      • The show reported on:
      • Water distribution points
      • Status of displaced persons
      camps
      • Public health advisories
      • The program became available
      on 27 stations within a few weeks
    • U.S. Marine Corps.
      22ND Marine Expeditionary Unit
      Craig Clarke, a civilian analyst for U.S. Marine Corps, worked with crisis mapping platform Ushahidi, to provide support for Marine rescue units on the ground.
      Reports from Ushahidi helped Marines:
      • Supply water in a displaced persons
      camp
      • Distribute devices to sanitize drinking
      water
      • Police areas and ensure barricades
      were not blocking aid from reaching
      victims
    • Media and Communications Ecosystem