Deksri power point

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Deksri power point

  1. 1. GERUND By : Ni Kadek Sri Widiasih (2916)
  2. 2. What Is Gerund? <ul><li>Gerund is the –ing form of verb that has function as a noun. Such as talking, listening, smoking, driving etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Gerund is used in the same way as noun as “subject” or “object”. </li></ul><ul><li>Examples : </li></ul><ul><li>1. Smoking is not good habit (subject) </li></ul><ul><li>2. I’m interesting in singing (object) </li></ul>
  3. 3. Comparison Between Gerund and Deverbal Noun <ul><li>Some use &quot;gerund&quot; to refer to all nouns ending in -ing, but in more careful use, not all nouns ending in -ing are gerunds. The formal distinction is that a gerund is a verbal noun – a noun derived from a verb that retains verb characteristics, that functions simultaneously as a noun and a verb, while other nouns ending in -ing are de verbal nouns , which function as common nouns, not as verbs at all. Compare: </li></ul><ul><li>I like fencing . (gerund, an activity, could be replaced with &quot;to fence&quot;) </li></ul><ul><li>The white fencing adds to the character of the neighborhood. (deverbal, could be replaced with an object such as &quot;bench&quot;) </li></ul>
  4. 4. The Functions of gerunds <ul><li>Gerunds as the subject of sentences: </li></ul><ul><li>Gerunds as a subject is put at the beginning of the sentence. </li></ul><ul><li>Examples : </li></ul><ul><li>1. Learning English is enjoyable. </li></ul><ul><li>2. Walking is good for health. </li></ul><ul><li>3. Swimming is my favorite sport . </li></ul>
  5. 5. Gerund as the object of preposition <ul><li>A gerund is frequently used as the object of a preposition. Preposition includes : with, after, before, in, on, without, about, to, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Examples : </li></ul><ul><li>1. I’m interested in learning vocabulary </li></ul><ul><li>2. I’m used to sleeping with lamp. </li></ul><ul><li>3. We talked about going to Jombang. </li></ul><ul><li>4. Susan is in change of organizing the meeting </li></ul>
  6. 6. Common Verbs Followed by Gerunds <ul><li>There are some common verbs that followed by gerunds : </li></ul><ul><li>1. Deny ( I denied following your way ) </li></ul><ul><li>2. Regret ( I regret doing mistakes ) </li></ul><ul><li>3. Mind ( I don’t mind waiting for you ) </li></ul><ul><li>4. delay ( She delayed going to Aussie ) </li></ul><ul><li>5. Enjoy ( Dewa enjoy learning English ) </li></ul><ul><li>6. Suggest ( She suggested changing my bad behavior ), etc. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Exercises <ul><li>Complete these following sentences, change the words in branket by using gerunds : </li></ul><ul><li>Ex.: When Bet got tired, she stop (work) working. </li></ul><ul><li>1. Would you mind ( open ).......the door? Thanks. </li></ul><ul><li>2. Henru is excited to (leave)........ for India. </li></ul><ul><li>3. ( read )….. is my hobby because it is very amusing. </li></ul><ul><li>4. Thank you for (help) …….me. </li></ul><ul><li>5. I can’t stop (eat)……. meal until now. </li></ul><ul><li>6. I admitted ( do )……many mistakes. </li></ul><ul><li>7. (make) ………a mistake is easy job. </li></ul><ul><li>8. I hear (some surprise)…….news from him. Etc. </li></ul>
  8. 8. References <ul><li>Schrampfer, Azar, Betty., Understanding English Grammar. Second edition. </li></ul><ul><li>www.google.com </li></ul>

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