YSU Industrial Engineering Overview


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What is industrial Engineering?

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  • Air France Flight 296 was a chartered flight of a newly-delivered fly-by-wireAirbus A320-111 operated by Air France. On June 26, 1988, as part of an air show it was scheduled to fly over Mulhouse-Habsheim Airport (ICAO code LFGB) at a low speed with landing gear down at an altitude of 100 feet, but instead slowly descended to 30 feet before crashing into the tops of trees beyond the runway. Three passengers died. The cause of the accident is disputed, as many irregularities were later revealed by the accident investigation. This was the first ever crash involving an Airbus A320.
  • YSU Industrial Engineering Overview

    1. 1. Industrial EngineeringatYoungstown State University<br />
    2. 2. What is an Engineer?<br />Engineers apply mathematical and scientific principals to solve real-world problems.<br />
    3. 3. What is an Industrial Engineer?<br />According to ABET:<br />…the profession in which a knowledge of the mathematical and natural sciences gained by study, experience and practice is applied with judgment to develop ways to utilize economically, the materials and forces of nature for the benefit of mankind. <br />
    4. 4. What is an Industrial Engineer?<br />According to IIE: <br />…concerned with the design, improvement and installation of integrated systems of people, materials, equipment and energy. It draws upon specialized knowledge and skill in the mathematical, physical and social sciences together with the principles and methods of engineering analysis and design to specify, predict and evaluate the results to be obtained from such systems. <br />
    5. 5. What is an Industrial Engineer?<br />The bottom line …is the bottom line.<br />Industrial Engineers apply mathematical and scientific principals to solve real-world problems related to improving the productivity and cost effectiveness of a workplace, process, or other complex system.<br />I.E. = Increased Efficiency<br />
    6. 6. History of Industrial Engineering<br />Frederick Winslow Taylor (1856-1915)<br />Mechanical Engineer<br />“Scientific Management”<br />Frank Gilbreth (1868-1924) and Lillian Gilbreth (1878-1972)<br />Time and Motion Studies<br />William Edwards Deming (1900-1993)<br />Statistical analysis of manufacturing<br />Quality = (Results of work effort / Total Cost)<br />“14 Points” for management<br />
    7. 7. What do Industrial Engineers do?<br />IE has grown to include a variety of disciplines that forward the goals of improved productivity and quality:<br />Systems Engineering<br />Operations Research<br />Quality<br />Human Factors<br />Engineering Management<br />Facilities Planning<br />Engineering Economics<br />
    8. 8. Operations Research<br />
    9. 9. Quality<br />
    10. 10. Human Factors<br />
    11. 11. Human Factors<br />Cognitive Engineering deals with the man-machine interface.<br />A better application of cognitive engineering considerations could have prevented many of the most devastating engineering disasters…<br />
    12. 12. Therac-25<br />What do an old, manual typewriter and a modern cancer treatment machine have in common?<br />
    13. 13. Therac-25<br />If you are able to type too fast, bad things happen:<br />
    14. 14. Chernobyl Disaster<br />A communications error and lack of transparency (misinterpretation of system states) leads to the worst nuclear disaster in human history.<br />
    15. 15. Nagoya Japan - 1994<br />An Airbus A300 jet crashes because the pilot and co-pilot don’t realize they are fighting with the autopilot – 264 dead.<br />
    16. 16. Air France Flight 296<br />
    17. 17. Engineering Management<br />
    18. 18. Facilities Planning<br />Facility layout must consider a wide range of factors:<br />Efficiency<br />Safety<br />Ergonomics<br />Regulatory<br />Energy<br />
    19. 19. Simulation<br />
    20. 20. Simulation<br />
    21. 21. Simulation<br />
    22. 22. Simulation<br />
    23. 23. Manufacturing<br />
    24. 24. Manufacturing – Gross Output, 2006 ($Billions)<br />Source: Bureau of Economic Analysis, http://www.bea.gov/industry/gpotables/gpo_action.cfm?anon=82716&table_id=23499&format_type=0<br />
    25. 25. Manufacturing Employment<br /> Percent of Civilian Employed People 16 Years and Over in the Manufacturing Industry: 2005 <br />
    26. 26. Ohio Manufacturing<br />Percent of Civilian Employed People 16 Years and Over in the Manufacturing Industry: 2005, State of Ohio <br />
    27. 27. Manufacturing Productivity<br />
    28. 28. Who hires Industrial Engineers?<br />Manufacturers<br />Federal, State, Local Governments<br />Amusement Parks<br />Shipping Companies<br />Financial Companies<br />Hospital and Healthcare<br />And on, and on, and on …Who DOESN’T hire IE’s?<br />
    29. 29. Highest Levels of Employment<br />Industries with the highest levels of employment in Industrial Engineering:<br /><ul><li>Source: BLS estimates, May 2008, http://www.bls.gov/oes/current/oes172112.htm, accessed 10/12/09</li></li></ul><li>Highest Paying Employment<br /><ul><li>Estimates not released
    30. 30. Source: BLS estimates, May 2008, http://www.bls.gov/oes/current/oes172112.htm, accessed 10/12/09</li></li></ul><li>IE Job Prospects<br />From BLS Job Outlook Data:<br />Median Income (2006): $68,620<br />Projected change in employment, 2006-2016: +20.3%<br />Average Net Annual Job Openings, 2006-2016: 9,000<br />Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (http://data.bls.gov/oep/servlet/oep.noeted.servlet.ActionServlet)<br />
    31. 31. IE Graduates and Job Opportunities<br />Sources: Bureau of Labor Statistics (www.bls.gov), Occupational Outlook, 2002-2012,<br />National Center for Education Statistics (NCES), “Digest of Education Statistics: 2005,”, Table 252, http://nces.ed.gov/programs/digest/d05/, 12/18/06<br />
    32. 32. Systems Engineering<br />What Do Systems Engineers Do? <br />“Systems engineering is concerned with the overall process of defining, developing, operating, maintaining, and ultimately replacing quality systems. Where other engineering disciplines concentrate on the details of individual aspects of a system (electronics, mechanics, ergonometrics, aerodynamics, software, etc.), systems engineering is concerned with the integration of all of these aspects into a coherent and effective system. … The systems engineer is the primary interface between management, customers, suppliers, and specialty engineers in the systems development process. “<br />-International Council On Systems Engineering (INCOSE.org)<br />
    33. 33. Systems Engineering<br />http://www.incose.org/educationcareers/careersinsystemseng.aspx, Accessed 10/12/2009<br />
    34. 34. Systems Engineering<br />Complexity (and opportunity) lies in the integration.<br />
    35. 35. Systems Engineering<br />
    36. 36. Innovation at the Systems Level<br />
    37. 37. ISE Curriculum Options<br />IE Major (Undergraduate, 4-year degree)<br />IE Minor (Attached to another 4-year engineering degree)<br />Graduate program<br />
    38. 38. IE Activities at YSU<br />Internship Programs<br />IIE Conferences<br />Graduate and Undergraduate Research Opportunities<br />
    39. 39. Famous Industrial Engineers<br />Timothy Cook (CEO, Apple, Inc.)<br />John DeLorean (DeLorean Motors)<br />Mike Duke (President and CEO, Walmart)<br />Michael Eskew(CEO, United Parcel Service)<br />Pete Coors (CEO, Coors Brewing)<br />Charles Holliday (CEO, DuPont)<br />William T. Swanson (President and CEO, Raytheon Co.)<br />Lee Iacocca (Former CEO, Chrysler) <br />Edwin Moses (World-record Hurdler) <br />Tom Landry (Former Head Coach, Dallas Cowboys) <br />Dave Johnson (Manager, Baltimore Orioles) <br />Charles Armstrong (President, Seattle Mariners) <br />
    40. 40. Engineering Wage Comparisons<br />http://www.bls.gov/oco/ocos027.htm#earnings<br />http://www.bls.gov/oes/current/oes172112.htm<br />