JHARKHAND-A village development model for rural India- DR. V.P.SHARMA


Published on

Published in: Education, Technology, Business
1 Like
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Total views
On SlideShare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

JHARKHAND-A village development model for rural India- DR. V.P.SHARMA

  1. 1. Facilitator: Dr. V. P.Sharma
  2. 2. The village Kanchi is located along the river Kanchi approximately two kilometer west of the national highway. It is situated at a distance of nearly 45 kms from Ranchi and lies west of NH 33. The geographical area of the village is 531.88 hectares that include cultivable as well as forest land. The village is a mix of various communities belonging to ST/ SC and OBC such as Mundas, Lohras, Swansies and Sahus.
  3. 3. Majority of population is of tribal in the village with 116 households belonging to them. 448 HH in total in Kanchi Village. Soil is fertile and agriculture is the main occupation of inhabitants. River Kanchi flows in the south of the village and dries up during summer thus, people depend on monsoon rain for cultivation. Village Heth Kanchi is a adjoining village with 750 acres of land area and also has the advantage of forest though not very dense.
  4. 4. Area(ha) 532 N0 of HH 448 Total Population 2,156 M-1088 F-1068 SC 360 M-179 F-181 ST 1275 M-644 F-631
  5. 5. Source of Income 86.17 8.51 3.19 2.13 Agriculture Daily Labourer Other Service
  6. 6. Land Holding Pattern 1.60 9.57 88.82 0.00 20.00 40.00 60.00 80.00 100.00 10 and above 5 - 10 Acres Below 5 Acres Percentage
  7. 7. Decision Making by Women 92.02 0.53 7.45 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 Authoritative Supportive Not Responded Percentage
  8. 8. Religion Percentage 3.19 96.81 Christian Hindu
  9. 9. The proposed purpose will be To create awareness among villagers about developmental programmes-followed by capacity building of the community for stabilizing paddy cultivation, in the project area so as to enable them to manage their water resources in a sustainable manner for better quality of life.
  10. 10. The initial aim of the project will be to help villagers in making them aware about how to improve the moisture status during the main crop (Paddy / Kharif) season and improvements during the second crop (Rabi) through decentralized water resource development. An interface with concerned department of GoJ and villagers to be organized as initial step.
  11. 11. to tap the available water resources in and around the villages for proper utilization through construction of new facilities and renovation of existing ones. To achieve sustainable improvement in Livelihood through: •Stabilizing of Kharif Paddy. •Intensification of Paddy. •Additional livelihood promotion through capacity building of villagers to take up initiatives in fishery, vegetable cultivation, animal husbandry etc. •Upland treatment with horticulture.
  12. 12. It will be a process-oriented approach and not the target oriented approach to development in project area. To achieve sustainability for an increased accent on building local capacities (Men & Women) in a range of skills (Technical & Managerial). Indigenous land and water conservation measures which communities have been implementing will be taken up as entry point for land and water activities so that tribal and rural farmers may identify with them and not regard them as programme sponsored activity and a source of short term wages.
  13. 13. Irrigation is an attractive and visible activity so special attention will be paid to ensure that water management practices provide equitable supply of water to all beneficiaries. Flexibility in programme design will be allowed to include all persons utilizing the resources at a particular catchment than watershed based tight boundaries. Leadership skills and group dynamics.
  14. 14. Grass root organisation Membership Activity Village Gram Sabha/ Village Development Committee (VDC) Selected member to be nominated by Gram Sabha Participatory democracy to set development priorities & draw out Village Development Plan Self Help Groups Small homogenous groups, especially of disadvantaged women/ men Simple collective action including land and non- land based activities Water user group for water resource management Water user farmers of the village Collective action for water resource management and development of paddy cultivation.
  15. 15. The proposal is innovative and builds on action, learning, Close monitoring and supervision by block and district administration would be required for its success. To facilities such process a monitoring cell would be established at the Panchayat or block level. Members of Steering committee / Advisory committee will be nominated for monitoring.
  16. 16. Under convergence, line departments have taken initiative in identifying and taking technical approval of the projects by their concerned department. These proposals are directly submitted to DPC for administrative sanction. The Deputy Development Commissioner (DDC) issues the sanction order of all the approved shelf of projects including those submitted by the line department.
  17. 17. After awareness creation and interface meetings the steps will be taken for 1.strengthening the prevailing base of livelihood interventions through consolidation in the current villages. 2.strengthening the Village Development Committees (VDC) and Self Help Groups (SHG) to undertake the responsibility of implementing the livelihood interventions, and managing them on a long-term basis through Total/ integrated village management model.
  18. 18. •Strengthening the CBOs towards the implementation and management of the various livelihood interventions • Supporting each and every household with assured irrigation support for about one acre land, to ensure year round food security and improved quality of life •Ensuring the equitable and optimum utilisation of the created water resources through crop diversification and improved agriculture. •Allied livelihoods such as piggery, poultry, goatery, lac, etc.
  19. 19. •The villagers will be self dependent. •The levels of income for the beneficiaries are expected to rise from below poverty line (BPL) households to the above poverty line (APL) levels •The key issue of food security will be resolved by the increase in agricultural productivity and income from allied activities.