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Chapters 1 And 2
 

Chapters 1 And 2

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  • Copyright © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

Chapters 1 And 2 Chapters 1 And 2 Presentation Transcript

  • Veronica Diaz, PhD
    • Introductions
    • Syllabus /Course Overview
    • Gmail account setup
    • Google docs overview
    • Work in Google docs
    • Chapters 1, 2, Appendix A
    • Deliverables
      • Research Proposal
        • Research Questions
        • Introduction
        • Literature Review
        • Methodology
        • RP Draft
        • RP Final
        • Oral Defense
      • 4 anatomy questions
      • Analytical frame review
      • Course exam
    • Readings
      • Cozby
      • Articles (proposal research and CD)
    • Grading
    • Schedule
      • Deliverables and points
      • Overall
    • Course management
      • http://www.slideshare.net/drvdiaz
      • Google Docs
    • 12/3 CLASS
    • http://www.doodle.ch/participation.html?pollId=sga324davc2wdnfu
    • 10/29 CLASS
    • http://www.doodle.ch/participation.html?pollId=2sx94reescy9hv4v
    • Create a Gmail account
      • Go to google.com
      • Go to gmail
      • Sign in or sign up
    • Go to http://tinyurl.com/6p3kvp
      • Fill in your gmail account
    • Google Docs tour
      • http://www.google.com/google-d-s/tour1.html
    Source: Shelley Rodrigo http://maricopatech.wetpaint.com/page/Google+Docs
    • DISCLAIMERS
    • These online office tools are not as robust as MS Office programs
    • Does not yet interface (upload or download) in MS Office 2007 file formats
    • Need to set up a Gmail account to use
    • TIPS
    • If you need polished formatting, develop content in Google Docs then download to Office to do final formatting and printing
    • Can insert comments, tables, headers/footers, etc.
    Source: Shelley Rodrigo http://maricopatech.wetpaint.com/page/Google+Docs
    • Simplified MSWord-like Toolbar
    • Share work
      • Peer review
      • Collaborators-people can make changes
      • Viewers-view only mode
    • Directions on how to share docs with others
    • Tracking revisions
      • "history" of changes that are made, can revert
    • Exporting different file types
    • Facilitates drafting process
    Source: Shelley Rodrigo http://maricopatech.wetpaint.com/page/Google+Docs
      • Career aspirations in 5 years
      • Background in research and statistics
      • Undergraduate major
  • Scientific Understanding of Behavior
    • Explain the reasons for understanding research methods
    • Describe the scientific approach to learning about behavior, and contrast it with pseudoscientific research
    • Define and give examples of the four goals of scientific research: description, prediction, determination of cause, and explanation of behavior
    • Define and describe basic and applied research
    • Increasingly important in public policy and judicial decisions
    • Important when developing and assessing the effectiveness of goal oriented programs
    • Organizations are increasingly becoming data-driven organizations
    • Analytics in HED
      • Retention
      • Enrollment management
      • Early-Alert
    • Limitations of Intuition
      • Intuition relies unquestioningly on personal judgment
        • Erroneous conclusions about cause and effect
          • Illusory correlation
    • Examples of Authority
      • News media, Books, Government officials, Religious figures
    • Limitations of Authority
      • Many believe statements based on authority; scientific approach rejects this notion and requires much more evidence before conclusions can be drawn
    • Skepticism, Science, and the Empirical Approach
      • Empiricism
      • Falsifiability
      • Peer review
    • Credentials
    • Conflict of interest
    • Verifiability
  •  
    • Hypotheses generated are not typically testable
    • If scientific tests are reported, methodology is not scientific and validity of data is questionable
    • Supportive evidence is anecdotal and does not cite scientific references
    • Claims tend to be vague, and appeal to pre-conceived ideas
    • Claims ignore conflicting evidence
    • Claims are never revised
    • Description of Behavior [notes]
    • Prediction of Behavior
    • Determining the Causes of Behavior
      • Temporal precedence
      • Covariation of the cause and effect
      • Alternative explanations
    • Explanation of Behavior
      • Determining “why” something is happening or not
    • Basic Research
      • Fundamental questions about the nature of behavior
        • Theoretical issues often concern basic phenomena such as cognition, emotion, motivation, learning, psychobiology, personality development, and social behavior.
        • May have no practical application.
    • Applied Research
      • Conducted to address issues in which there are practical problems and potential solutions.
      • Program evaluation
        • Government
        • Education
        • Health care
        • Criminal justice
        • Industry
        • Mental health
    • Comparing Basic and Applied Research
      • Neither is considered superior to the other
      • Applied research is often guided by theories and findings of basic research
      • Findings in applied settings often require modification of existing theories and spur more basic research
      • Basic research is crucial to public policy
    • How to Write a Research Proposal
    • Research Proposal Guides and Other Resources
    • Dissertation Proposal Workshop
  • Where to Start
    • Discuss how a hypothesis differs from a prediction
    • Describe the different sources of ideas for research, including common sense, observation, theories, past research, and practical problems
    • Identify the two functions of a theory
    • Summarize the fundamentals of conducting library research in psychology, including the use of PsycINFO
    • Summarize the information included in the abstract, introduction, method, results, and discussion sections of research articles
    • Hypothesis: A tentative idea or question that is waiting for evidence to support or refute it
    • Prediction: A statement that makes an assertion concerning what will occur in a particular research investigation
    • Sources of Ideas
      • Common Sense
      • Observation of the World Around Us
      • Theories
        • Organize and explain
        • Generate new knowledge
        • Modified by new research
      • Past Research
      • Practical Problems
    • Terminology: Who We Study
      • Participants (APA preferred)
      • Subjects
      • Respondents
      • Informants
  •  
    • The journal has “instructions to authors” about the submission guidelines and peer-review process.
    • The article is written by the researchers that conducted the study.
    • In addition to the title and author information, the article includes abstract, introduction, method, results, discussion and reference sections.
    • Experts in the author’s field
    • review the theoretical basis, methodology, statistical analyses and interpretation of findings.
    • The editor and/or reviewers decide whether or not to accept the article for publication.
    • The intended audience is scholars that have knowledge in or are interested in the field.
    • The article is not written for profit.
    • NAU Library: http://library.nau.edu/
    • Custom tutorials
      • http://www2.nau.edu/jaggers/
    • The Nature of Journals
      • Where researchers publish the results of their studies
    • Online Sources
      • Psychological Abstracts
      • PsycINFO
        • Electronic index of all abstracts from 1800s to present
      • PsycFIRST
        • Electronic index of all abstracts published in last 3 years
    • Know the journals in your field
      • http://homepages.wmich.edu/~abeach/HEjournals.htm
      • http://www.kennesaw.edu/cetl/resources/journals.html
      • ERIC: www.eric.ed.gov/ journals
      • CC Review: http://crw.sagepub.com/
      • CSCC: http://www.cscconline.org/
    • Snowball research
  • Some PsychINFO search strategies Strategy 1: Use fields such as TI and AU. Example: ( divorce) in TI requires that a term appear in the title Strategy 2: Use AND to limit search Example: divorce AND child requires both terms to be included Strategy 3: Use OR to expand search. Example: divorce OR breakup includes both terms. Strategy 4: Use NOT to exclude search terms. Example: shyness NOT therapy excludes shyness with therapy Strategy 5: Use the wildcard asterisk (*) Example: child* finds any word that begins with these letters
    • Searches
      • http://scholar.google.com/
      • Professional meeting searches
    • COMPONENTS
    • Abstract
    • Introduction
    • Method
    • Results
    • Discussion
    • YOUR PROPOSAL
    • Research Questions
      • Hypotheses
    • Introduction
      • Abstract
    • Literature Review
      • Significance
    • Methodology
      • Limitations
    • Abstract
      • A summary of the research report
      • 120 words or less
      • Includes the hypothesis, procedure, and the broad pattern of results
      • Will be easiest to write this at the end
    • Introduction
      • Outlines the problems investigated
      • Past research and theories relevant to the problems described
      • Formal hypotheses or specific expectations are introduced and connected to past research
    • Method Section
      • Subsections depend on complexity of the design
        • Overview of design
        • Characteristics of participants
        • Procedure
        • Equipment or testing materials
    • Research Questions
      • What will your study address
      • What do you think you’ll find (educated guess)
    • Discussion section
      • Review research from various perspectives
      • Present methodological weaknesses and/or strengths
      • Explain how the results compare with past results
      • Include suggestions for practical applications
      • Include suggestions for future research on the topic
    • Results section
      • Findings presented three ways:
        • Description in narrative form
        • Description in statistical language
        • Material in table or graphs
    • Use as a reference
    • Writing style
    • Organization
    • APA style tutorial
      • http://gseacademic.harvard.edu/~instruct/articulate/APA/player.html
    • Sample paper
    • Analytical framework
      • Prompt
      • Example
      • CD articles
        • Review a few
    • Research questions
      • Topic ideas on common google doc
      • Create your own and share with Veronica
    • Research topic
      • http://www.educause.edu/PressReleases/TopTenITIssuesinHigherEducatio/118610
      • http://www.aascu.org/media/pm/pdf/topten2008.pdf
      • http://www.aascu.org/policy_matters/topten2008.htm
      • http://connect.educause.edu/Library/EDUCAUSE+Review/TopTenITIssues2006/40631
      • http://www2.nea.org/he/hottoc.html