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Chapters 1 And 2

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  • Copyright © 2007 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
  • Transcript

    • 1. Veronica Diaz, PhD
    • 2.
      • Introductions
      • Syllabus /Course Overview
      • Gmail account setup
      • Google docs overview
      • Work in Google docs
      • Chapters 1, 2, Appendix A
    • 3.
      • Deliverables
        • Research Proposal
          • Research Questions
          • Introduction
          • Literature Review
          • Methodology
          • RP Draft
          • RP Final
          • Oral Defense
        • 4 anatomy questions
        • Analytical frame review
        • Course exam
      • Readings
        • Cozby
        • Articles (proposal research and CD)
      • Grading
      • Schedule
        • Deliverables and points
        • Overall
      • Course management
        • http://www.slideshare.net/drvdiaz
        • Google Docs
    • 4.
      • 12/3 CLASS
      • http://www.doodle.ch/participation.html?pollId=sga324davc2wdnfu
      • 10/29 CLASS
      • http://www.doodle.ch/participation.html?pollId=2sx94reescy9hv4v
    • 5.
      • Create a Gmail account
        • Go to google.com
        • Go to gmail
        • Sign in or sign up
      • Go to http://tinyurl.com/6p3kvp
        • Fill in your gmail account
      • Google Docs tour
        • http://www.google.com/google-d-s/tour1.html
      Source: Shelley Rodrigo http://maricopatech.wetpaint.com/page/Google+Docs
    • 6.
      • DISCLAIMERS
      • These online office tools are not as robust as MS Office programs
      • Does not yet interface (upload or download) in MS Office 2007 file formats
      • Need to set up a Gmail account to use
      • TIPS
      • If you need polished formatting, develop content in Google Docs then download to Office to do final formatting and printing
      • Can insert comments, tables, headers/footers, etc.
      Source: Shelley Rodrigo http://maricopatech.wetpaint.com/page/Google+Docs
    • 7.
      • Simplified MSWord-like Toolbar
      • Share work
        • Peer review
        • Collaborators-people can make changes
        • Viewers-view only mode
      • Directions on how to share docs with others
      • Tracking revisions
        • "history" of changes that are made, can revert
      • Exporting different file types
      • Facilitates drafting process
      Source: Shelley Rodrigo http://maricopatech.wetpaint.com/page/Google+Docs
    • 8.
        • Career aspirations in 5 years
        • Background in research and statistics
        • Undergraduate major
    • 9. Scientific Understanding of Behavior
    • 10.
      • Explain the reasons for understanding research methods
      • Describe the scientific approach to learning about behavior, and contrast it with pseudoscientific research
      • Define and give examples of the four goals of scientific research: description, prediction, determination of cause, and explanation of behavior
      • Define and describe basic and applied research
    • 11.
      • Increasingly important in public policy and judicial decisions
      • Important when developing and assessing the effectiveness of goal oriented programs
    • 12.
      • Organizations are increasingly becoming data-driven organizations
      • Analytics in HED
        • Retention
        • Enrollment management
        • Early-Alert
    • 13.
      • Limitations of Intuition
        • Intuition relies unquestioningly on personal judgment
          • Erroneous conclusions about cause and effect
            • Illusory correlation
      • Examples of Authority
        • News media, Books, Government officials, Religious figures
      • Limitations of Authority
        • Many believe statements based on authority; scientific approach rejects this notion and requires much more evidence before conclusions can be drawn
    • 14.
      • Skepticism, Science, and the Empirical Approach
        • Empiricism
        • Falsifiability
        • Peer review
      • Credentials
      • Conflict of interest
      • Verifiability
    • 15.  
    • 16.
      • Hypotheses generated are not typically testable
      • If scientific tests are reported, methodology is not scientific and validity of data is questionable
      • Supportive evidence is anecdotal and does not cite scientific references
      • Claims tend to be vague, and appeal to pre-conceived ideas
      • Claims ignore conflicting evidence
      • Claims are never revised
    • 17.
      • Description of Behavior [notes]
      • Prediction of Behavior
      • Determining the Causes of Behavior
        • Temporal precedence
        • Covariation of the cause and effect
        • Alternative explanations
      • Explanation of Behavior
        • Determining “why” something is happening or not
    • 18.
      • Basic Research
        • Fundamental questions about the nature of behavior
          • Theoretical issues often concern basic phenomena such as cognition, emotion, motivation, learning, psychobiology, personality development, and social behavior.
          • May have no practical application.
      • Applied Research
        • Conducted to address issues in which there are practical problems and potential solutions.
        • Program evaluation
          • Government
          • Education
          • Health care
          • Criminal justice
          • Industry
          • Mental health
    • 19.
      • Comparing Basic and Applied Research
        • Neither is considered superior to the other
        • Applied research is often guided by theories and findings of basic research
        • Findings in applied settings often require modification of existing theories and spur more basic research
        • Basic research is crucial to public policy
    • 20.
      • How to Write a Research Proposal
      • Research Proposal Guides and Other Resources
      • Dissertation Proposal Workshop
    • 21. Where to Start
    • 22.
      • Discuss how a hypothesis differs from a prediction
      • Describe the different sources of ideas for research, including common sense, observation, theories, past research, and practical problems
      • Identify the two functions of a theory
      • Summarize the fundamentals of conducting library research in psychology, including the use of PsycINFO
      • Summarize the information included in the abstract, introduction, method, results, and discussion sections of research articles
    • 23.
      • Hypothesis: A tentative idea or question that is waiting for evidence to support or refute it
      • Prediction: A statement that makes an assertion concerning what will occur in a particular research investigation
    • 24.
      • Sources of Ideas
        • Common Sense
        • Observation of the World Around Us
        • Theories
          • Organize and explain
          • Generate new knowledge
          • Modified by new research
        • Past Research
        • Practical Problems
      • Terminology: Who We Study
        • Participants (APA preferred)
        • Subjects
        • Respondents
        • Informants
    • 25.  
    • 26.
      • The journal has “instructions to authors” about the submission guidelines and peer-review process.
      • The article is written by the researchers that conducted the study.
      • In addition to the title and author information, the article includes abstract, introduction, method, results, discussion and reference sections.
      • Experts in the author’s field
      • review the theoretical basis, methodology, statistical analyses and interpretation of findings.
      • The editor and/or reviewers decide whether or not to accept the article for publication.
      • The intended audience is scholars that have knowledge in or are interested in the field.
      • The article is not written for profit.
    • 27.
      • NAU Library: http://library.nau.edu/
      • Custom tutorials
        • http://www2.nau.edu/jaggers/
      • The Nature of Journals
        • Where researchers publish the results of their studies
      • Online Sources
        • Psychological Abstracts
        • PsycINFO
          • Electronic index of all abstracts from 1800s to present
        • PsycFIRST
          • Electronic index of all abstracts published in last 3 years
      • Know the journals in your field
        • http://homepages.wmich.edu/~abeach/HEjournals.htm
        • http://www.kennesaw.edu/cetl/resources/journals.html
        • ERIC: www.eric.ed.gov/ journals
        • CC Review: http://crw.sagepub.com/
        • CSCC: http://www.cscconline.org/
      • Snowball research
    • 28. Some PsychINFO search strategies Strategy 1: Use fields such as TI and AU. Example: ( divorce) in TI requires that a term appear in the title Strategy 2: Use AND to limit search Example: divorce AND child requires both terms to be included Strategy 3: Use OR to expand search. Example: divorce OR breakup includes both terms. Strategy 4: Use NOT to exclude search terms. Example: shyness NOT therapy excludes shyness with therapy Strategy 5: Use the wildcard asterisk (*) Example: child* finds any word that begins with these letters
    • 29.
      • Searches
        • http://scholar.google.com/
        • Professional meeting searches
    • 30.
      • COMPONENTS
      • Abstract
      • Introduction
      • Method
      • Results
      • Discussion
      • YOUR PROPOSAL
      • Research Questions
        • Hypotheses
      • Introduction
        • Abstract
      • Literature Review
        • Significance
      • Methodology
        • Limitations
    • 31.
      • Abstract
        • A summary of the research report
        • 120 words or less
        • Includes the hypothesis, procedure, and the broad pattern of results
        • Will be easiest to write this at the end
      • Introduction
        • Outlines the problems investigated
        • Past research and theories relevant to the problems described
        • Formal hypotheses or specific expectations are introduced and connected to past research
    • 32.
      • Method Section
        • Subsections depend on complexity of the design
          • Overview of design
          • Characteristics of participants
          • Procedure
          • Equipment or testing materials
      • Research Questions
        • What will your study address
        • What do you think you’ll find (educated guess)
    • 33.
      • Discussion section
        • Review research from various perspectives
        • Present methodological weaknesses and/or strengths
        • Explain how the results compare with past results
        • Include suggestions for practical applications
        • Include suggestions for future research on the topic
      • Results section
        • Findings presented three ways:
          • Description in narrative form
          • Description in statistical language
          • Material in table or graphs
    • 34.
      • Use as a reference
      • Writing style
      • Organization
      • APA style tutorial
        • http://gseacademic.harvard.edu/~instruct/articulate/APA/player.html
      • Sample paper
    • 35.
      • Analytical framework
        • Prompt
        • Example
        • CD articles
          • Review a few
      • Research questions
        • Topic ideas on common google doc
        • Create your own and share with Veronica
      • Research topic
        • http://www.educause.edu/PressReleases/TopTenITIssuesinHigherEducatio/118610
        • http://www.aascu.org/media/pm/pdf/topten2008.pdf
        • http://www.aascu.org/policy_matters/topten2008.htm
        • http://connect.educause.edu/Library/EDUCAUSE+Review/TopTenITIssues2006/40631
        • http://www2.nea.org/he/hottoc.html