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SDD for DEF 2010

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Presentation from Liz Fuller from the National Centre for Social Research about the Smoking, Drinking and Drug Use by Young People in England in 2009.

Presentation from Liz Fuller from the National Centre for Social Research about the Smoking, Drinking and Drug Use by Young People in England in 2009.

Published in: Education

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  • 1. Survey of smoking, drinking and drug use among young people in England The Drug Education Forum 29th July 2010
  • 2.
    • Commissioned by the NHS Information Centre
      • additional funding from Home Office and Department for Education (formerly DCSF)
      • NatCen and NFER since 2000
      • new contract from 2010
    • First carried out in 1982
      • smoking only
      • drinking questions added in 1988
      • drug questions added in 1998
      • annual surveys since 1998
    Background
  • 3.
    • Core questions every year
      • smoking behaviour, cigarettes smoked in last 7 days
      • drinking behaviour, alcohol drunk in last 7 days
      • 15 named drugs: awareness, access, use
      • attitudes, beliefs, sources of knowledge
      • classificatory questions
    • Alternating focus
      • 2009: drug use
      • 2010: smoking and drinking alcohol
    Questionnaire coverage
  • 4.
    • Paper self-completion questionnaire
      • age appropriate
      • extensively tested
      • impact of design on estimates of prevalence
    • Interviewer administered
      • minimal disturbance to schools and pupils
      • exam conditions
      • confidentiality
      • consistent protocol
      • repeat visits
    Survey design
  • 5.
    • 11 to 15 year olds (school years 7 to 11)
    • Probability sample
      • 460 schools
      • c.35 pupils per school
    • Response (2009)
      • 87% of pupils in 54% of schools
      • 7674 pupils in 247 schools
    • Changes to design from 2010
    Sample and response: 2009
  • 6.
    • March-July: questionnaire development
    • May-June: sample drawn, schools and LAs contacted
    • September-December: fieldwork
    • October-January: data capture, edit, cleaning
    • February-June: analysis
    • July: report published
    • August: data archived
    Survey timing
  • 7.
    • Outputs
      • descriptive report and tables
      • data sets provided to government users
      • access to data sets through ESRC Data Archive
    • Use
      • estimates of prevalence
      • monitoring trends and targets
      • resource for teachers, practitioners, general public, media
      • potential for secondary analysis
    Outputs
  • 8.
    • Change to sample design
      • 52 schools in each SHA
    • Incentive for participating schools
    • New questions
      • beliefs about drinking
      • proxy purchasing of cigarettes
      • exposure to others’ smoke
      • influences on smoking
    • Emphasis on dissemination
    SDD in 2010
  • 9.
    • Decline since 1990s
      • ever smoked: 49% in 1996; 29% in 2009
      • regular smokers: 13% in 1996; 6% in 2009
    • Girls more likely to smoke than boys
      • 7% of girls, 5% of boys are regular smokers
    • Regular smokers in 2008
      • 55% usually buy cigarettes from shops (78% in 2006)
      • 69% would find it hard not to smoke for a week
      • 64% would like to give up
    Recent findings: smoking
  • 10.
    • More common than smoking or drug use
    • Gradual decline in prevalence
      • ever drunk alcohol: 61% in 2001; 51% in 2009
      • in last week: 26% in 2001; 18% in 2009
    • High levels of reported consumption
    • Change in drinking patterns with age (2008)
      • 11 year olds: with family, at home
      • 15 year olds: with friends, unsupervised or semi-supervised
    • Acceptability among young people and parents
    Recent findings: drinking alcohol
  • 11.
    • Decline since 2001
      • ever: 29% in 2001; 22% in 2009
      • in the last year: 20% in 2001; 15% in 2009
    • Which drugs?
      • cannabis (11% ever, 9% in last year)
      • gas, glue, aerosols, solvents (13% ever, 5% in last year)
    • Trends since 2001
      • cannabis (in the last year) down from 13% to 9%
      • ever been offered drugs: from 42% in 2001 to 33% in 2009
    Recent findings: prevalence of drug use
  • 12.
    • Relatively infrequent
      • 28% once only
      • 64% less often than once a month
      • differs with type of drug
    • Vulnerable pupils (truants and excludees)
      • more likely to have taken a Class A drug in the last year
      • more likely to take drugs once a month or more
    • General disapproval by young people and parents
    Recent findings: patterns of drug use
  • 13.
    • Cannabis (9% in the last year)
      • 27% once only: 28% 10+ times
      • median age = 15
      • 43% have also taken another type of drug in the last year
    • Volatile substances (5% in the last year)
      • 34% once only; 16% 10+ times
      • median age = 14
      • 36% have also taken another type of drug in the last year
    • Different contexts and experiences
    Cannabis and volatile substances
  • 14. SDD: common themes
    • Prevalence increases with age: at age 15,
      • 81% have drunk alcohol, 38% in the last week
      • 52% have smoked, 20% in the last week
      • 40% have tried drugs, 17% in the last month
    • Related to other risk behaviours
      • overlap between SDD
      • higher among truants, excludees
    • Family influence
      • attitudes
      • behaviour (smoking, drinking)
  • 15.
    • Robust sample
      • probability methods at school and pupil level
      • size and response
      • representative of all 11 to 15 year olds in England
    • Scope of questionnaire
    • Established time series
    • Accessible
      • reported in full
      • data archived
    SDD: key strengths
  • 16.
    • Response rate
    • Measurement issues
      • alcohol consumption
      • volatile substance use
    • Unmet needs
      • data linkage
      • follow-up surveys
      • robust classificatory data
    • Funding
    SDD: concerns
  • 17. Further information
    • Most recent reports
      • 2009: focus on drug use
      • www.ic.nhs/pubs/sdd09fullreport
      • 2008: focus on smoking and drinking alcohol
      • www.ic.nhs/pubs/sdd08fullreport
    • Contact
      • [email_address]