SDD for DEF 2010


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Presentation from Liz Fuller from the National Centre for Social Research about the Smoking, Drinking and Drug Use by Young People in England in 2009.

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SDD for DEF 2010

  1. 1. Survey of smoking, drinking and drug use among young people in England The Drug Education Forum 29th July 2010
  2. 2. <ul><li>Commissioned by the NHS Information Centre </li></ul><ul><ul><li>additional funding from Home Office and Department for Education (formerly DCSF) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>NatCen and NFER since 2000 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>new contract from 2010 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>First carried out in 1982 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>smoking only </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>drinking questions added in 1988 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>drug questions added in 1998 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>annual surveys since 1998 </li></ul></ul>Background
  3. 3. <ul><li>Core questions every year </li></ul><ul><ul><li>smoking behaviour, cigarettes smoked in last 7 days </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>drinking behaviour, alcohol drunk in last 7 days </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>15 named drugs: awareness, access, use </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>attitudes, beliefs, sources of knowledge </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>classificatory questions </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Alternating focus </li></ul><ul><ul><li>2009: drug use </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2010: smoking and drinking alcohol </li></ul></ul>Questionnaire coverage
  4. 4. <ul><li>Paper self-completion questionnaire </li></ul><ul><ul><li>age appropriate </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>extensively tested </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>impact of design on estimates of prevalence </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Interviewer administered </li></ul><ul><ul><li>minimal disturbance to schools and pupils </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>exam conditions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>confidentiality </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>consistent protocol </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>repeat visits </li></ul></ul>Survey design
  5. 5. <ul><li>11 to 15 year olds (school years 7 to 11) </li></ul><ul><li>Probability sample </li></ul><ul><ul><li>460 schools </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>c.35 pupils per school </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Response (2009) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>87% of pupils in 54% of schools </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>7674 pupils in 247 schools </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Changes to design from 2010 </li></ul>Sample and response: 2009
  6. 6. <ul><li>March-July: questionnaire development </li></ul><ul><li>May-June: sample drawn, schools and LAs contacted </li></ul><ul><li>September-December: fieldwork </li></ul><ul><li>October-January: data capture, edit, cleaning </li></ul><ul><li>February-June: analysis </li></ul><ul><li>July: report published </li></ul><ul><li>August: data archived </li></ul>Survey timing
  7. 7. <ul><li>Outputs </li></ul><ul><ul><li>descriptive report and tables </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>data sets provided to government users </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>access to data sets through ESRC Data Archive </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Use </li></ul><ul><ul><li>estimates of prevalence </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>monitoring trends and targets </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>resource for teachers, practitioners, general public, media </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>potential for secondary analysis </li></ul></ul>Outputs
  8. 8. <ul><li>Change to sample design </li></ul><ul><ul><li>52 schools in each SHA </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Incentive for participating schools </li></ul><ul><li>New questions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>beliefs about drinking </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>proxy purchasing of cigarettes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>exposure to others’ smoke </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>influences on smoking </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Emphasis on dissemination </li></ul>SDD in 2010
  9. 9. <ul><li>Decline since 1990s </li></ul><ul><ul><li>ever smoked: 49% in 1996; 29% in 2009 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>regular smokers: 13% in 1996; 6% in 2009 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Girls more likely to smoke than boys </li></ul><ul><ul><li>7% of girls, 5% of boys are regular smokers </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Regular smokers in 2008 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>55% usually buy cigarettes from shops (78% in 2006) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>69% would find it hard not to smoke for a week </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>64% would like to give up </li></ul></ul>Recent findings: smoking
  10. 10. <ul><li>More common than smoking or drug use </li></ul><ul><li>Gradual decline in prevalence </li></ul><ul><ul><li>ever drunk alcohol: 61% in 2001; 51% in 2009 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>in last week: 26% in 2001; 18% in 2009 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>High levels of reported consumption </li></ul><ul><li>Change in drinking patterns with age (2008) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>11 year olds: with family, at home </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>15 year olds: with friends, unsupervised or semi-supervised </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Acceptability among young people and parents </li></ul>Recent findings: drinking alcohol
  11. 11. <ul><li>Decline since 2001 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>ever: 29% in 2001; 22% in 2009 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>in the last year: 20% in 2001; 15% in 2009 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Which drugs? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>cannabis (11% ever, 9% in last year) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>gas, glue, aerosols, solvents (13% ever, 5% in last year) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Trends since 2001 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>cannabis (in the last year) down from 13% to 9% </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ever been offered drugs: from 42% in 2001 to 33% in 2009 </li></ul></ul>Recent findings: prevalence of drug use
  12. 12. <ul><li>Relatively infrequent </li></ul><ul><ul><li>28% once only </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>64% less often than once a month </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>differs with type of drug </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Vulnerable pupils (truants and excludees) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>more likely to have taken a Class A drug in the last year </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>more likely to take drugs once a month or more </li></ul></ul><ul><li>General disapproval by young people and parents </li></ul>Recent findings: patterns of drug use
  13. 13. <ul><li>Cannabis (9% in the last year) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>27% once only: 28% 10+ times </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>median age = 15 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>43% have also taken another type of drug in the last year </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Volatile substances (5% in the last year) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>34% once only; 16% 10+ times </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>median age = 14 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>36% have also taken another type of drug in the last year </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Different contexts and experiences </li></ul>Cannabis and volatile substances
  14. 14. SDD: common themes <ul><li>Prevalence increases with age: at age 15, </li></ul><ul><ul><li>81% have drunk alcohol, 38% in the last week </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>52% have smoked, 20% in the last week </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>40% have tried drugs, 17% in the last month </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Related to other risk behaviours </li></ul><ul><ul><li>overlap between SDD </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>higher among truants, excludees </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Family influence </li></ul><ul><ul><li>attitudes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>behaviour (smoking, drinking) </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. <ul><li>Robust sample </li></ul><ul><ul><li>probability methods at school and pupil level </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>size and response </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>representative of all 11 to 15 year olds in England </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Scope of questionnaire </li></ul><ul><li>Established time series </li></ul><ul><li>Accessible </li></ul><ul><ul><li>reported in full </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>data archived </li></ul></ul>SDD: key strengths
  16. 16. <ul><li>Response rate </li></ul><ul><li>Measurement issues </li></ul><ul><ul><li>alcohol consumption </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>volatile substance use </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Unmet needs </li></ul><ul><ul><li>data linkage </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>follow-up surveys </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>robust classificatory data </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Funding </li></ul>SDD: concerns
  17. 17. Further information <ul><li>Most recent reports </li></ul><ul><ul><li>2009: focus on drug use </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>www.ic.nhs/pubs/sdd09fullreport </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2008: focus on smoking and drinking alcohol </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>www.ic.nhs/pubs/sdd08fullreport </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Contact </li></ul><ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul></ul>