National Policy Picture


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An overview of drug policy as it affects children and young people in England.

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National Policy Picture

  1. 1. The National Policy Picture What's been going on around drug policy for children and young people in the last year.
  2. 2. Secondary Curriculum <ul><li>QCA launch new curriculum for Key Stage 3 and 4. </li></ul><ul><li>PSHE becomes PSHE Education (with the inclusion of economic literacy to the subject area). </li></ul><ul><li>Remains a non-statutory framework. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Alcohol Strategy <ul><li>Focus on young people (under 18) using alcohol. </li></ul><ul><li>Stronger on enforcement of point of sale than on universal alcohol education. </li></ul><ul><li>Promised expert view of young people's use of alcohol leading to advice to parents, teachers and young people. </li></ul><ul><li>Very little consultation ahead of publication. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Children's Plan <ul><li>Government's strategy for children and young people's services for next period. </li></ul><ul><li>Talked up the need for universal drug (and alcohol) education. </li></ul><ul><li>Early intervention. </li></ul><ul><li>Precursor for Young People's Substance Misuse Strategy. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Comprehensive Spending Review <ul><li>CSR sets government spending priorities for next three years. </li></ul><ul><li>Priorities expressed through Public Service Agreements (PSA). </li></ul><ul><li>Number of PSAs reduced. </li></ul><ul><li>2 PSAs for substance misuse. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>One largely about treatment. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The other about young people's pathways to success. </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. PSA 14 <ul><li>Broader than substance misuse. </li></ul><ul><li>Substance misuse indicator is about prevalence of young people's use of illegal drugs, alcohol and VSA (not tobacco). </li></ul><ul><li>Measured through Tellus survey. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ofsted conducts and provides analysis </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Voluntary for schools </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wider than drugs </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. NICE <ul><li>NICE public health guidance </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Vulnerable young people and drugs in the field. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Finished alcohol interventions in school. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Started PSHE focusing on sexual health and alcohol. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Started reducing young people use of tobacco. </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Consultation on Drug Strategy <ul><li>Expectation that strategy will focus on education, prevention, enforcement and treatment. </li></ul><ul><li>Prime Minister keen for drug education to be universal in primary schools, and to find ways to use positive celebrity role-models. </li></ul><ul><li>Cannabis classification under review (expected to return to Class B). </li></ul>
  9. 9. Blueprint Research <ul><li>Multi-component drug education and prevention research. </li></ul><ul><li>Delivery report published. </li></ul><ul><li>Strong indication that practice is often behind evidence base. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>e.g. many teachers uncomfortable with interactive teaching methods. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Evidence that training critical for improving teacher confidence and competence. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Other Research <ul><li>JRF </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cannabis very easy to get hold of for those young people that use it. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Heavy users of cannabis not being identified by schools. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rural alcohol culture colludes in underage drinking (because of recognition of risks of non-supervised use). </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Some young Muslim men using alcohol in late teenage years, but reverting to cultural norm later. </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Other Research <ul><li>DrugScope </li></ul><ul><ul><li>2 price cocaine – lower price for younger market. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Steroid use. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Alcohol Concern </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Large amounts of alcohol well within reach of young people's pocket. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Short periods of enforcement of point of sale unlikely to be effective (shopkeepers attitudes unchanged). </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. The Conservatives <ul><li>Social Justice Policy Review led by Iain Duncan Smith. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Breakthrough Britain had a section on Addiction </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Against 'value free' (harm reduction) drug education </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Return of abstinence debate </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Research random drug testing </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>David Cameron keen on bigger role for ex-users in schools. </li></ul>
  13. 13. 2008 <ul><li>Local Alcohol Strategy Toolkit. </li></ul><ul><li>Drug Strategy + Young People's Substance Misuse Strategy (Jan/Feb). </li></ul><ul><li>Blueprint Impact Report (April ?). </li></ul><ul><li>DCSF sponsored expert view of evidence on young people and alcohol. </li></ul><ul><li>Public health campaign on youth drinking. </li></ul><ul><li>DCSF review of effective drug and alcohol education. </li></ul>
  14. 14. 2008 <ul><li>ACMD review on progress against Pathways to Problems (June)‏ </li></ul><ul><li>National Healthy Schools looking at PSHE </li></ul><ul><li>Reclassification of cannabis likely </li></ul><ul><li>Changes to local funding regime </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Local Area Agreement rather than Young People's Substance Misuse Grant; i.e. young people's universal and targeted funding no longer ring-fenced. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Young people's treatment money is ring-fenced. </li></ul></ul>