Drug and Alcohol use by young people in rural and urban areas
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Drug and Alcohol use by young people in rural and urban areas

Drug and Alcohol use by young people in rural and urban areas

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Drug and Alcohol use by young people in rural and urban areas Drug and Alcohol use by young people in rural and urban areas Presentation Transcript

  • Drug and alcohol use by young people: a comparison of findings from rural and urban areas Alcohol, drugs and anti-social behaviour in rural areas: strategies to turn the tide 11 June 2009, Nottingham Angela Balding/Dr.David Regis, Schools Health Education Unit, Exeter www.sheu.org.uk and a bit about anti-social behaviour
  • Contents
    • Introduction
    • Earlier findings
    • Analysis by school description of catchment
    • Analysis by DR description of authority
    • Conclusions
  • Introduction
  • SHEU databanks
    • Contract research work
      • mostly young people, mostly in schools, mostly about PSHE
      • mostly for LAs, PCTs, DATs
    • Annual compilations from contract survey work
    • Large bank of questions
    • Earliest 1986
  • Young People in...
  • SHEU databanks
  • Earlier findings about urban/rural differences
  • Earlier findings 1
    • Drug use 1997 (published 1998)
      • compared drug use in three contrasting areas, and found the highest use was in the most rural area.
    • 2002: Alcohol and drugs in and pupil description of location:
      • For drug experience 'in the last month', little difference with location for 12-13 year olds, with around 4% reporting drug experience.
      • However, more 14-15 year olds living in villages compared to towns reported drug experience 'in the last month'
        • 21% in the villages compared with 16% in the towns.
      • Data about 'Having alcohol last week' show figures to be generally higher for village dwellers.
  • Earlier findings 2
    • 2006: location question dropped, but analysed drink and drugs by authority (London/other City councils/other councils)
    • MALES FEMALES
    • DRINK DRUGS DRINK DRUGS
    • 1 Other Other Other London
    • 2 Other City City Other
    • 3 City Other City City
    • 4 Other City Other City
    • 5 City City
      • It is non-metropolitan counties with a high proportion of rural communities who top three of the lists.
      • No evidence to suggest that living in an urban environment exposes young people to unique risks with respect to drinking or drug use.
  • Analysis by school description of catchment area 2008
  • The 2008 sample
    • Year 8 Year 10 All
    • 12-13y 14-15y
    • Males 14,355 14,100 28,455
    • Females 14,910 14,454 29,364
    • All 29,265 28,554 57,819
    Health warning: statistical significance
  • Where did the 2008 sample come from?
    • Bristol, Cambridgeshire, Camden, Cumbria, Dudley, Durham, Essex, Gateshead, Greenwich, Haringey, Hertfordshire, Knowsley, Lambeth, Lancashire, N Yorkshire, Peterborough, Southampton, Sunderland, Swindon, Wiltshire
  • School description of catchment
    • Proportion of pupils: Rural/suburban/urban/inner urban
    • If 50% or more rural = rural school
    • Pupils attending Rural schools N=11,224
    • Pupils attending Urban schools N=18,957
    • Rural schools less ethnically diverse, higher mean income
  • Smoking last week
  • Smoking last week in urban and rural schools  : n.s.  : p <0.01
  • Alcohol use
  • Alcohol use among Y10 pupils in urban and rural schools
  • More than 10 units a week
  • More than 10 units a week (Y10) in urban and rural schools
  • Drug use
  • Drug use among Year 10 pupils in rural and urban schools n.s.
  • Types of drugs used in rural and urban schools
  • Sources of advice about drugs in rural and urban schools Y10
  • Sexual health services Y10 in rural and urban schools
  • Bullied at school last year Y10 in rural and urban schools  : n.s.  : p <0.001
  • Carrying weapons Y10
  • Analysis by local authority
  • Urban and rural authorities
    • Bristol , Cambridgeshire , Camden , Cumbria , Dudley , County of Durham, Essex, Gateshead , Greenwich , Haringey , Hertfordshire , Knowsley , Lambeth , Lancashire, N Yorkshire , Peterborough , Southampton , Stockport , Sunderland , Swindon , Wiltshire, Wirral
  • Repeat of 2006 analysis
    • Analysis of drink and drugs by authority (London/other City councils/other councils)
    • Males Females
    • smoker drinker >10 u druguse smoker drinker >10 u druguse
    • Rural Urban Urban Urban Urban Urban Urban Urban
    • Rural Rural Rural Rural Urban Urban Urban Urban
    • Urban Rural Urban Rural Urban Rural Urban Urban
    • Urban Rural Urban Urban Urban Urban Urban Urban
    • Urban Rural Rural Urban Urban Rural Urban Urban
    • Among males, whether rural or urban is not a great predictor of coming in the top 5 authorities for substance use
  • Analysis within one authority: secondary schools
    •  Pupils from urban schools were MORE likely to
    • Think that their school takes bullying seriously
    • Think that their views make a difference
    • Positive about a variety of aspects of school life *
    • Be working on a paper round *
    • Be driven to school
    • Get water easily at school
    • Know where to get free condoms
    • Year 10: if sexually experienced, have always used contraception
    •  Pupils from rural schools were MORE likely to
    • Report being bullied in the last year *
    • Enjoy school lessons
    • Take part in voting for school elections *
    • Be earning
    • Be working in a hotel, bar or café *
    • Walk to school
    • Drink alcohol in the last week *
    • Year 10: have had sex
    • * a similar finding was found in 2006
  • Conclusions
  • So...?
    • Little evidence that YP in rural areas face any less of a challenge from substance use and ASB than those in rural areas
    • Higher use of smoking and alcohol in rural communities, maybe bullying
    • Characteristics of specific communities more important than whether rural/urban in determining use (males)
    • Young people in rural areas less able to find support or information
  • References
    • www.sheu.org.uk
      • www.sheu.org.uk/publications/drinkanddrugs.htm
      • www.sheu.org.uk/publications/drinkanddrugs07.htm
    • Published:
      • Young people and illegal drugs into 1998
      • Trends: Illegal Drugs
    • (forthcoming):
      • Young People into 2008
      • Young People into 2009
  • Still, there’s always the scenery...