Information Literacy in the Digital Age
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Information Literacy in the Digital Age: An Evidence-Based Approach

Information Literacy in the Digital Age: An Evidence-Based Approach

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  • Produced by the New Media Consortium (NMC) in collaboration with partners such as the EDUCAUSE Learning Initiative (ELI).
  • Produced by the New Media Consortium (NMC) in collaboration with partners such as the EDUCAUSE Learning Initiative (ELI).
  • Produced by the New Media Consortium (NMC) in collaboration with partners such as the EDUCAUSE Learning Initiative (ELI).
  • Produced by the New Media Consortium (NMC) in collaboration with partners such as the EDUCAUSE Learning Initiative (ELI).

Information Literacy in the Digital Age Information Literacy in the Digital Age Presentation Transcript

  • Information Literacy in the Digital Age: An Evidence-Based Approach Teresa S. Welsh, Ph.D. [email_address]
  • Questions to be addressed:
    • Why is information literacy important?
    • What is information literacy?
    • What research is related to information literacy?
    • What learning theory is related to IL?
    • How can IL research & theory inform teaching?
    • How can IL be assessed?
    25 May 2011 QQML11, Athens, Greece
  • Why is Information Literacy important?
    • "Information is the new world currency and wealth will be measured by how much information a company, individual, or country can create, distribute, accumulate, and mine."
    • Mark Dean, PhD , IBM Fellow, Inventors Hall of Fame
    25 May 2011 QQML11, Athens, Greece Cartoon by Bill Waterson
  • According to ALA, information literacy is “increasingly important in the contemporary environment of rapid technological change and proliferating information resources…” “Information literacy forms the basis for lifelong learning and is common to all disciplines , to all learning environments , and to all levels of education .” 25 May 2011 QQML11, Athens, Greece Why is Information Literacy important?
  • What is Information Literacy?
    • “ Information” is from Latin informatio , meaning concept or idea.
    • “ Literate” is from Latin literatus , meaning learned or lettered.
    25 May 2011 QQML11, Athens, Greece www.TechKnowLogia.org
  • How is Info Literacy defined by LIS?
    • ALA, ACRL: IL is “a set of abilities requiring individuals to recognize when information is needed and have the ability to locate, evaluate, and use effectively the needed information.”
      • Determine the extent of information needed
      • Access the needed information effectively and efficiently
      • Evaluate information and its sources critically
      • Incorporate selected information into one's knowledge base
      • Use information effectively to accomplish a specific purpose
      • Understand the economic, legal, and social issues and use information ethically and legally.
    •  
      • 25 May 2011
    QQML11, Athens, Greece
    • National Council of Teachers of English (NCTE): “21st century demands that a literate person possess a wide range of abilities and competencies, many literacies .”
      • Develop proficiency with technology tools
      • Build relationships with others to pose and solve problems collaboratively, cross-culturally
      • Design and share information to meet a variety of purposes
      • Manage, analyze, synthesize multiple streams of simultaneous information
      • Create, critique, analyze, and evaluate multi-media texts
      • Attend to ethical responsibilities required by complex environments.  
    Information Literacy: A Meta-Literacy 25 May 2011 QQML11, Athens, Greece
  • Information Literacy: A Meta-Literacy
      • 25 May 2011
    QQML11, Athens, Greece http://uniedtechdesign.blogspot.com/2011/03/information-literacy.html
  • Research: The Google Generation
    • Research on Google Generation (those born after 1993) conducted by CIBER (UCL Centre for Information Behaviour & Evaluation of Research) indicates:
    • Online searching tends to be shallow, information-skimming, not in-depth searching
    • 60% visit a site once only and view each Web page only a few seconds
    • Prefer quick information in form of easily-digested short chunks rather than full-text.
      • 25 May 2011
    QQML11, Athens, Greece Information Behaviour of the Researcher of the Future. London: CIBER, 2008.
  • 25 May 2011 QQML11, Athens, Greece Information Behaviour of the Researcher of the Future. London: CIBER, 2008 .
  • OCLC Research: College Students
    • 89% of college students use search engines to begin an information search (2% start from library Web site)
    • 93% satisfied with using a search engine (compared with 84% for librarian-assisted search)
    • College students still use the library, but less (and reading less)
    • Books still primary library brand, despite investment in digital resources, of which students are largely unfamiliar.
      • 25 May 2011
    QQML11, Athens, Greece College Students’ Perceptions of the Libraries and Information Resources: A Report to the OCLC Membership . Dublin, OH: OCLC, 2006.
  • Kent State Library Research: TRAILS
    • T ool for R eal-Time A ssessment of I nformation L iteracy S kills (free online assessment for grades 3, 6, 9 or 12)
    • Boswell (2007) TRAILS study:
      • Greatest weaknesses of students in evaluation of information and in using Boolean search techniques.
    • Supported by CIBER research (2008):
      • Little time spent in evaluating information, either for relevance, accuracy or authority
      • Poor understanding of information needs so students find it difficult to develop effective search strategies.
      • 25 May 2011
    QQML11, Athens, Greece http://www.trails-9.org/ http://www.ucl.ac.uk/infostudies/research/ciber/downloads/
    • Qualitative Study by New Media Consortium
    • Abundance of Internet resources are increasingly challenging for sense-making, coaching, credentialing.
    • People expect to work, learn, and study whenever, wherever they want.
    • World of work is increasingly collaborative, giving rise to reflection on structure of student projects.
    • Technologies are increasingly cloud-based, and notions of IT support decentralized.
    2011 Horizon Report : Emerging Trends 25 May 2011 QQML11, Athens, Greece http://net.educause.edu/ir/library/pdf/HR2011.pdf
    • Digital media literacy continues rise in importance as key skill in every discipline and profession.
    • Evaluation metrics lag behind emergence of new scholarly forms of authoring, publishing, research.
    • Economic pressures, new models of education present competition to traditional models.
    • Keeping pace with rapid proliferation of information, tools, & devices is challenging.
    2011 Horizon Report : Challenges 25 May 2011 QQML11, Athens, Greece http://net.educause.edu/ir/library/pdf/HR2011.pdf
    • Now : 1 year or less:
    • e-books (NetLibrary, ebrary)
    • Mobiles (i-Phone, Android smart phone, i-Pad)
    • Near-term future: 2-3 Years
    • Augmented reality: “computer-assisted contextual layer of information over the real world, creating a reality that is enhanced or augmented.” ( http ://www.layar.com / )
    • Game-based learning ( http://gaming.psu.edu / ).
    2011 Horizon Report : Tech Adoption 25 May 2011 QQML11, Athens, Greece http://net.educause.edu/ir/library/pdf/HR2011.pdf
  • 25 May 2011 QQML11, Athens, Greece http://info.xplana.com/report/ Xplana Report
    • Longer-term future: 4-5 Years
    • Gesture-based computing (Kinect, SixthSense, Tamper)
      • Haptics touch-surface technology such as Mudpad ( http :// hci.rwth-aachen.de/mudpad )
      • Eye movement technology such as EyeDraw
      • ( http ://www.cs.uoregon.edu/research/cm-hci/EyeDraw / )
    • Analytics: new data-gathering tools and analytic techniques to study student engagement, performance, progress ( http://www. google.com/analytics ).
    2011 Horizon Report : Tech Adoption 25 May 2011 QQML11, Athens, Greece http://net.educause.edu/ir/library/pdf/HR2011.pdf
  • Learning Theory: Connectivism
    • Learning:
      • Process of connecting specialized nodes/information sources
      • Rests in diversity of opinions
      • May reside in non-human appliances
      • Requires nurturing, maintaining connections
      • Requires accurate, up-to-date knowledge
      • Includes decision-making.
    • Capacity to know is more critical than what is known.
    • Core skill is ability to see connections between ideas, concepts (Siemens, 2004).
    25 May 2011 QQML11, Athens, Greece
  • Learning Theory: Active Learning
    • Opposite of passive learning through lectures
    • Process of active engagement in learning
    • Involves reading, writing, discussion, engagement in solving problems, analysis, synthesis, evaluation
    • Class discussion, demonstration
    • Storytelling
    • Game-playing
    • Group project
    • Field trip, study-abroad
    • Practicum or internship
    • Short, evaluative or reflective post or paper
    • Creation of Web content
    25 May 2011 QQML11, Athens, Greece
  • Cultural Literacy
    • Latin cultura meaning “to nurture or cultivate”
    • Awareness and ability to converse fluently in the history, allusions, and informal content that constitutes ones own culture or another culture.
    • Cultural Literacy Quiz
    • Essay on origins of words, alphabet, public schools
    • Newspaper item on day of birth (microfilm or online)
    • Family tree, family history
    • Short essay or post on local cultural exhibit
    • Short essay on local history
    • Travel/ study abroad .
    25 May 2011 QQML11, Athens, Greece
  • Library Literacy
    • Latin liber , meaning “books”; also means “free”
    • Latin adjective librarius , meaning “of books”
    • Essay or post on ancient library
    • Post on 1 st school library, 1 st public library, oldest univ. library
    • Library tutorials
    • Library scavenger hunt
    • Information tutorial
      • Primary sources
      • Secondary sources
      • Tertiary sources
    25 May 2011 QQML11, Athens, Greece
  • Ethical Literacy
    • Ethics is from Greek ethos , meaning “character”
    • Moral principles or values
    • Code of Honor
    • Plagiarism tutorial
    • Code of Academic Conduct
    • Copyright tutorial
    • Citation Machine
    • Submit papers to Turnitin.com
    • Collaborative Institutional Training Initiative ( citiprogram.org ) tutorial
    25 May 2011 QQML11, Athens, Greece
  • Computer Literacy
    • Development of computer, Internet, WWW
    • PC hardware, operation
    • email, attachments
    • PC software:
      • Word-processing (Word)
      • Spreadsheets (Excel)
      • Presentations (PowerPoint)
    • Explore Computer History Museum
    • Create a resume in Word
    • Create a budget in Excel
    • Create PPT presentation
    • HTML Tutorial
    • Create a simple webpage
    • Evaluate webpages
    25 May 2011 QQML11, Athens, Greece
  • Network Literacy
    • Search engines (robotic)
    • Directories (human-indexed)
    • Databases
    • Online searching
    • Boolean, nesting
    • “ Bound phrase”
    • Truncation, wild card
    • Field search
    • Visual search
    • Compare results of search engine & directory
      • Google.com
      • Internet Scout Project
    • Database tutorials
    • Database search exercises
      • General keyword search
      • Add Boolean AND, OR
      • Add limiter “peer-reviewed”
      • Add limiter “references available” or “feature article”
      • Search in subject or abstract
    25 May 2011 QQML11, Athens, Greece
  • Media Literacy
    • “… ability to decode, analyze, evaluate, & produce communication in a variety of forms.” Trent Think Tank on Media Literacy
    • Web 2.0
    • XML
    • UGC
    • Blogs, glogs, wikis
    • Social media
    • Photo/video-sharing
    • Create a blog
    • Create a glog
    • Post to discussion board
    • Create or participate in a wiki group project
    • Join Facebook group
    • Create, share photos and/or videos
    25 May 2011 QQML11, Athens, Greece
  • Information Literacy Assessment
    • T ool for R eal-Time A ssessment of I nformation L iteracy S kills (for grades 3, 6, 9 or 12) http://www.trails-9.org /
    • Pre- and post-assessment surveys based on ACRL standards such as one developed by Marshall (2006): http://www.literacyandtechnology.org/volume7/marshallJLT2006.pdf
    • Information and Communication Technology E xam
    • Certiport IC3 to assess computer competency.
    25 May 2011 QQML11, Athens, Greece
  • Information Literacy Assessment
    • Walsh (2009) identified 9 commonly used types of assessments for information literacy skills:
      • Bibliographic analysis
      • Essays
      • Final grades
      • Multiple choice surveys
      • Observation
      • Portfolios
      • Quiz/test
      • Self-assessment
      • Simulation.
    25 May 2011 QQML11, Athens, Greece
  • Information Literacy Assessment
    • Research paper
    • Argumentative paper
    • Objective paper on an approved topic
      • Use of Standard English, proper grammar
      • Use of scholarly sources, appropriate parenthetical references, citations.
    • Purdue Online Writing Lab OWL
    • Turnitin or other plagiarism software.
    25 May 2011 QQML11, Athens, Greece
  • Bibliography
    • ACRL (2011). “Information Literacy Competency Standards for Higher Education”. http:// www.ala.org/ala/mgrps/divs/acrl/standards/informationliteracycompetency.cfm
    • National Council of Teachers of English. (2008). “NCTE’s Definition of 21 st Century Literacies”. http://www.ncte.org/announce/129117.htm?source=gs
    • Johnson, L., Smith, R., Willis, H., Levine, A., and Haywood, K., (2011). The 2011 Horizon Report. Austin, Texas: The New Media Consortium. http://www.nmc.org/pdf/2011-Horizon-Report.pdf
    • CIBER (2008). Information Behaviour of the Researcher of the Future. London: CIBER. http://www.ucl.ac.uk/infostudies/research/ciber/downloads/
    • Welsh, T.S., & Wright, M. S. (2010). Information literacy in the digital age: an evidence-based approach . Oxford, Chandos. http://neal-schuman.com/blog/2010/08/23/new-book-gives-readers-the-tools-they-need-to-evaluate-and-understand-information-through-a-digital-lens/
    25 May 2011 QQML11, Athens, Greece
    • Thank you
    • for your attention.
    • Please email me at:
    • [email_address]
    25 May 2011 QQML11, Athens, Greece