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Art Appreciation Topic VII: Romanticism

Art Appreciation Topic VII: Romanticism






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    Art Appreciation Topic VII: Romanticism Art Appreciation Topic VII: Romanticism Presentation Transcript

    • Romanticism was a multi-layered movement that took manyforms and affected most branches of the arts. It began in the late 18 thcentury and flowered most fully in the early 19 th. Unlike the Neoclassicists who promoted order and reason, theRomantics believed in the power of the imagination, emotion andindividualism. These qualities could be evoked in very different ways.Much of their work was focused on the past but was typically set in theMiddle Ages rather than classical antiquity. While classical artistsreshaped nature to suit their ordered compositions, the Romanticsportrayed it as wild and ungovernable. In their landscapes, someRomantic painters liked to show the individual as being dwarfed by theforces of nature, which were portrayed as an expression of humanemotions and often given a mystical or visionary role. At the same time, a sense of individualism can also be linked tothe spirit of rebellion that epitomizes the Romantic era. Its anti-rationalistovertones led artists to explore themes that were linked with horror,madness, violence and the supernatural. There was also a taste for theexotic.
    • Cupid and Psyche by Gerard
    • Portrait ofMadameRécamier by Gerard
    • Portrait of the Empress Josephine by Prud’hon
    • The Raft of the Medusa by Gericault
    • AMadwoman andCompulsive Gambler by Gericault
    • TheMadwoman Afflictedwith Envy by Gericault
    • Aspasia byDelacroix
    • TheMassacreof Chios byDelacroix
    • LibertyLeading the People byDelacroix
    • The Algerian Women by Delacroix
    • TheDeparture of the Volunteers of 1792 by Rude
    • Esther byChassériau
    • Witchesin the Air by Goya
    • The Witches’ Sabbath by Goya
    • Time and theOld Women by Goya
    • SaturnDevouring His Son by Goya
    • TheHülsenbeck Children by Runge
    • TheWandererAbove theSea of Fog byFriedrich
    • The Sea of Ice by Friedrich
    • Man and WomanContemplating the Moon by Friedrich
    • The Romantic movement in Germany was led by agroup of artists known as the Nazarenes (c.1809-30), whosought to revive honesty and spirituality in Christian art. Thiswas most obvious from their attempts to mimic the lifestyle ofthe painter-monks from the early Renaissance. The term“Nazarene” stemmed from their communal, semi-monasticlifestyle and their affectation of wearing biblical clothing andhair styles. Contemporary critics believed that the Nazarenes wereresponsible for the rebirth of German art, although theyconceded that much of their work was focused on the past. TheNazarenes were also closely linked with the upsurge ofnationalist sentiments in Germany, which led some of theirmembers to portray patriotic themes from German history andlegend. The Nazarenes also attempted to revive the art ofmedieval fresco painting.
    • The Wise and Foolish Virgins by von Cornelius
    • Italia andGermania byOverbeck
    • Christ’s First Appearance to the People by Ivanov
    • Pegwell Bay by Dyce
    • The Nightmare by Fuseli
    • The Three Witches by Fuseli
    • TheAncient of Days by Blake
    • The RedDragon andthe Woman Clothed in the Sun by Blake
    • Early Morning by Palmer
    • Shoreham Garden by Palmer
    • Pandemonium by Martin
    • The Great Day of His Wrath by Martin
    • The White Horse byConstable
    • The Hay Wain by Constable
    • Stonehenge by Constable
    • The Slave Ship byTurner
    • Rain, Steam and Speed by Turner
    • Moonlit Landscape by Allston
    • Elijah in the Desert by Allston
    • Daniel Boone Sitting atthe Door of His Cabin by Cole
    • The Course of Empire: Destruction by Cole
    • Fanciful Landscape by Doughty
    • Desert Rock Lighthouse by Doughty
    • Denning’s Point, Hudson River by Doughty
    • IndianRescue byDurand
    • NiagaraFalls from theAmerican Side by Church
    • The Oregon Trail by Bierstadt
    • Rocky Mountain Landscape by Bierstadt