Incidence and trends in cancer in India


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Incidence and trends in cancer in India

  1. 1. Incidence and Trends in Cancer Indian Scenario Dr. T. Sujit Consultant Radiation Oncologist - High Precision Radiation Therapy Comprehensive Cancer Care Network ( C C C N )
  2. 2. Age of incidence : young adults Life-style related cancers : tobacco and alcohol diet physical inactivity altered bio-rhythms
  3. 3. Prevention, screening and diagnosis : • Vaccines • Pap smears & mammograms • Advanced imaging
  4. 4. Vastly improved treatment methods and protocols – • Evidence based medicine • Teamwork • Chemotherapy • Surgery • Radiation Therapy • Palliative care. • Allied Specialities
  5. 5. • Socio-political measures : anti-smoking laws, ban on tobacco products • NGOs and support groups • Information dissemination and creation of awareness.
  6. 6. India is home to 10% of the world’s smokers 2nd largest consumer of tobacco India has 12 crore tobacco users, according to the Global Adult Tobacco Survey (GATS) 2009-2010, which means every ninth Indian consumes tobacco. Cigarette and bidi smoking causes about 5% of all deaths in women and 20% of all deaths in men aged 30–69 years, totalling 1 million deaths per year in India in 2010.
  7. 7. WHO estimates passive smoking causes 600,000 deaths every year. One-third of those killed are children who are often exposed to smoke at home
  8. 8. The total economic cost of tobacco use in India in 2004 was calculated to be 16 per cent more than the total excise tax revenues from all tobacco products during the year.
  9. 9. Even the conservative estimates presented here are huge in comparison with the taxes collected from tobacco or the expenditure on tobacco control incurred by Government of India. The mortality cost has been estimated to account for 84% of total tobaccorelated costs in India. Studies from China, Korea, USA, and Germany estimate the cost of premature death to be 58%, 91%, 46% and 64% of the total cost of smoking respectively. If the value of tobacco-attributable deaths adds 84% to the total costs, our estimate of the total economic costs of tobacco use in India for 2004 would be $10.6 billion ( = 55,120 crores ) . . . AND THIS WAS IN 2009 ! ( THE UNION BUDGET OUTLAY FOR HEALTHCARE IN 2009-10 : 22,300 CRORES )
  10. 10. Ban on Gutkha Pongalipaka, a tiny village near Vishakapatnam in Andhra Pradesh with a population of 1,632 people has been declared TOBACCO FREE since May 2012.