Cultural and Folk Masks of Nepal by Prof. Dr. Shanker Thapa


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Excellent Mask collection from NEPAL

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  • Nepal has varied forms of Masks due to diverse ethnic composition, religious practices and cultural structure of the country
  • Cultural and Folk Masks of Nepal by Prof. Dr. Shanker Thapa

    1. 1. The Masks of Nepal <ul><li>Dr. Shanker Thapa </li></ul><ul><li>Professor </li></ul><ul><li>Central Department of History </li></ul><ul><li>Tribhuvan University </li></ul><ul><li>Kirtipur, Kathmandu </li></ul><ul><li>Nepal </li></ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul>Presented by
    3. 3. THE MASKS OF NEPAL <ul><li>Ethnic </li></ul><ul><li>Folk </li></ul><ul><li>Cultural </li></ul><ul><li>Religious </li></ul><ul><li>Deity </li></ul><ul><li>Demons </li></ul><ul><li>Ghosts </li></ul><ul><li>Shaman </li></ul><ul><li>Ritual </li></ul><ul><li>Exorcist </li></ul>Bhairav
    4. 4. CULTURAL, religious & FOLK MASKS From NEPAL Dr. SHANKER THAPA Associate Professor TRIBHUVAN UNIVERSITY KATHMANDU, NEPAL dr [email_address]
    5. 5. <ul><li>Presented by </li></ul><ul><li>Dr. Shanker Thapa Associate Professor Central Department of History Tribhuvan University Kathmandu Nepal </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>Phone : + 977-1-6611470 + 977- 9841495721 [email_address] </li></ul>
    6. 6. Political Map of Nepal
    7. 7. Spatial Distribution of Ethnic Communities Gurung Pahadi Castes Brahmin, Kshetriya, and Dalit, Kiranti, Rai, Limbu Newar Other Castes Tamang Bhotia, Sherpa, Thakali
    8. 8. Ethnicity and Mask Possession <ul><li>The ethnic and caste groups who developed the culture of mask were the agrarian groups. They include – </li></ul><ul><li>- Newar, Magar, Gurung, Rai, Limbu, Sherpa and other Himalayan people of Tibetan origin. </li></ul><ul><li>- Tharu and other Tarai communities. </li></ul><ul><li>Shaman practitioners of all ethnic groups </li></ul><ul><li>Hindus, Buddhists and folk religious groups </li></ul><ul><li>Tantrics, Exorcists and other practitioners. </li></ul>
    9. 9. Ethnicity, Mask and Mask Dances <ul><li>Various kinds of Hindu and Buddhist mask dances are performed as part of religion. </li></ul><ul><li>The rules of ritual are strictly followed. </li></ul><ul><li>Ethnic mask dances, which are rich in content and spectacular. </li></ul><ul><li>Demonic masks are used in various folk dances and open air theater. </li></ul>
    10. 10. Typology of NEPALI MASKS <ul><ul><li>Religious Masks </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Folk Masks </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Deity Masks </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ethnic Masks </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cultural Masks </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dance Drama Masks </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Exorcist Masks </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Festival Masks </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ritual Masks </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Shaman Masks </li></ul></ul>
    11. 11. Mask Properties Masks are made of > Metal [ Brass, Copper, Iron ] Terracotta Wood Paper Leaves Cloth Straw Paint
    12. 12. AESTHETIC OF NEPALI MASKS <ul><li>Very rich tradition of ‘Mask culture and heritage. </li></ul><ul><li>Several hundred types of masks exist. </li></ul><ul><li>Lively cultural roles and religious as well as folk significance. </li></ul><ul><li>Ethnic diversity led to develop varied forms of masks with diverse features. </li></ul>
    13. 13. Aesthetic of Nepali Masks contd. . . . <ul><li>Most ethnic groups have indigenous masks culture, which they perform in specified days round the year. </li></ul><ul><li>Nepali masks are religious, folk, cultural, festival, Shaman and exorcist. </li></ul><ul><li>Ethnic features are visible in designs and expressions. </li></ul>
    14. 14. Aesthetic of Nepali Masks contd. . . . <ul><li>Masks are colourful or without colour or one colour mostly black. </li></ul><ul><li>Masks reflect the world view and identity of the group. </li></ul><ul><li>Used in festivals, ceremonies, worship, practices etc. </li></ul>
    15. 15. Aesthetic of Nepali Masks contd. . . . . <ul><li>Spectacular with profound iconography, pattern, expression and role assigned so far. </li></ul><ul><li>Patterns and performances reflect cultural uniqueness and ethnic identity. </li></ul>
    16. 16. The Masks of God God Mahakala of Tantric Buddhism
    17. 17. The Masks of God Ganesha - The God of Auspicious Moments
    18. 18. The Masks of Gods Mahakal Mask of Hindu Deities
    19. 19. The Masks of Gods Tibetan style Mahakala popular among the Himalayan Buddhists in Nepal
    20. 20. The Masks of Gods
    21. 21. Masks of Gods Newar Mask Varaha
    22. 22. Masks of Gods
    23. 23. Masks of Gods
    24. 24. Masks of Gods
    25. 25. Masks of Gods Shiva Indra Varahi
    26. 26. Masks of Gods Shiva from Tarai Wooden Mahakal
    27. 27. Masks of Gods Wooden Bhairab Hindu Deity in serene posture Mahakal with Naga crown
    28. 28. Masks of Gods Makar: The Crocodile Hindu Deity - Varaha Bhairava
    29. 29. Masked Dance of the Mother Goddess Dance of the Divinely Mother –NAVADURGA who is one of the nine Powerful Mother Goddess. Location Bhaktapur
    30. 30. Mask Dances
    31. 31. Mask Dances
    32. 32. Ethnic and Folk Masks From Nepal
    33. 33. Masks from the NEWAR C O M M U N I T Y
    34. 34. The Newar Masks Newar Shaman Mask Other worldly demonic creatures
    35. 35. Newar Masks Supernatural characters
    36. 36. Newar Masks Demonic Character Tiger Lion Mask
    37. 37. Newar Masks Gorgon Lakhe
    38. 38. Newar Folk Mask The Demonic character of Newar culture & world view
    39. 39. Newar Folk Masks Folk Masks from different Newar communities
    40. 40. Newar Folk Masks Monpa Mask
    41. 41. Newar Folk Masks Folk Masks from different Newar communities
    42. 42. Newar Folk Masks Drama and other Characters
    43. 43. Newar Folk Masks Humorous Character Mask
    44. 44. Newar Wooden Masks
    45. 45. Newar Masks Newar Festival Mask of Bhairav Newar Noble man An old lady
    46. 46. Newar Mask Mask of a Hero
    47. 47. Newar Cultural Masks Actors in Festivals and other celebrations
    48. 48. Newar Cultural Masks
    49. 49. Newar Cultural Masks A rare Newar Tantric Mask
    50. 50. Masks from Tarai Mixed Ethnicity Rajbanshi Pig mask Tharu mask Jatayu: The Mythological Vulture from the Ramayana
    51. 51. Masks from Tarai Tarai tiger mask
    52. 52. Masks from Tarai Elephant mask tarai
    53. 53. Masks from Tarai Tharu monkey mask The Monkey king
    54. 54. Masks from Tarai Faces of Hanuman : famous Monkey God of The Hindus
    55. 56. Jatayu- a Character from Ramayana The monkey characters
    56. 57. Masks from Tarai Tribal Mask
    57. 58. Masks from Tarai Hanuman mask T arai
    58. 59. Masks from Tarai
    59. 60. Masks from Tarai Mask of Ten headed Ravana and Hanuman
    60. 61. Masks from Tarai
    61. 62. Masks from Tarai
    62. 63. Masks from Tarai
    63. 64. Masks from Tarai
    64. 65. Masks from Tarai
    65. 66. Masks from Tarai
    66. 67. Masks from Tarai Pig mask of a Tarai caste Monkey mask from Tarai
    67. 68. Masks from Tarai Tharu humerous Tharu Younglady
    68. 69. Masks from Tarai Tharu Monkey Tharu Goiter Tharu Headman
    69. 70. Two Famous Masks from Humla and Jumla Mask from Humla Mask from Jumla
    70. 71. Himalayan Masks Himalaya-Raksha-Longo-Mask Himalayan Mask
    71. 72. Western Nepal Himalayan Mask Pema Jungne Nyikar Himalayan Wooden Tribal Mask
    72. 73. Himalayan Mask Himalayan Black Mask
    73. 74. Masks of the Middle Hill people
    74. 75. Masks of the Middle Hill people Shaman Masks from Midland hill
    75. 76. Gurung Masks
    76. 77. Gurung Masks
    77. 78. Magar Masks
    78. 79. Thakali Mask Western Mid Himalaya
    79. 80. Magar Masks
    80. 81. Masks from middle hills
    81. 82. Tribal Masks from the hills tribal masks of Nepal Mask - West Nepal Mask - West Nepal
    82. 83. Midland Hill Masks
    83. 84. Masks from the hills
    84. 85. Tribal Masks of hills Nepali masks at Rubin Museum
    85. 86. Demons and Ghosts Middle Hills Demonic Characters of folk life of hill people Mixed races. They are appeased on special occasion offering worship and foods annually
    86. 87. Demons and Ghosts Middle Hills
    87. 88. Ghost Local demons Demons and Ghosts
    88. 89. Demons and Ghosts Middle Hills