On October 23rd, 2014, we updated our
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Leadership is interpersonal influence exercised in a situation and directed through the communication process toward the attainment of a specific goal or goals.
Leadership is the ability to persuade others to seek defined objectives enthusiastically. It is the human factor that binds a group together and motivates it toward goals.
leadership is fundamentally the ability to form and mould the attitudes and behaviour of other individuals, whether informal or formal situation and that management relates to the formal task of decision and command.
Leaders focus more on enterprise wide, strategic, long-term, eventful, and value-added roles and competencies. Managers, on the other hand, are concerned more with implementation-oriented, routine, short-to mid-term predictable tasks, and technical detail
Kotter's Comparison of Leadership and Management
Kotter's Comparison of Leadership and Management contd…..
Leaders use three types of skills
Traits and skills found most frequently to be characteristics of successful leaders
Traits or areas of competence
Management of attention
Management of meaning
Management of trust
Management of self
Types of Leadership style
Functions of a leader
Leader is an executive, planner, policy maker, expert, punishing authority, arbitrator, mediator and the rewarding authority. He is also looked upon as an example, a father figure, an ideologist, symbol of the group and also a scape goat at times.
Functions of a leader contd…
Ability to articulate the vision
Strong convictions about the vision
Perceived as being a change agent
Approaches to Leadership
One method of objective measurement is to study the productivity of a team or a work group.
Best way to study and to define leadership is in terms of what leaders do rather than in terms of what traits they possess
Showing the link between supervisor's attitude and productivity Employee Centered Production Centered Not Ascertained Total Heads of high producing sections 6 1 5 12 Heads of low producing sections 3 7 2 12
Situation is favorable for leader Situation is unfavorable for leader Leader Member Relation Good Good Good Good Poor Poor Poor Poor Task Structure Structured Structured Unstructured Unstructured Structured Structured Unstructured unstructured Position Power Strong Weak Strong Weak Strong Weak Strong Weak Recommended leadership Orientation Task-oriented Relationship-oriented Task-oriented
SHOWING PATH GOAL THEORY
ways leaders approach people to motivate them
related to one's model or organisational behaviour
creative leadership is the art of institution building
the reworking to fashion an organisation that embodies new and enduring values
9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 1.9 Country Club Management Thoughtful attention to needs of people for satisfying relationships lead to a comfortable, friendly organisation atmosphere and work tempo 9.9 Team Management Work accomplishment is from committed people; interdependence through a “common stake” in organization purpose leads to relationships of trust and respect 5.5 Organisation Man Management Adequate organization performance in possible through balancing the necessity to get out work with maintaining morale of people at a satisfactory level. 9.1 Authority-Obedience Efficiency in operation results from arranging conditions of work in such a way that human elements interfere to a minimum degree 1.1 Impoverished Management Exertion of minimum effort to get required work done is appropriate to sustain organization membership
The Five Critical Steps…. 5As
The New Strategic Reality of Leadership Development
building awareness of external challenges, emerging strategies, organizational needs and what leading firms do to meet the needs
employing anticipatory learning tools to recognize potential external events, envision the future and focus on action the organization can take to create its own future;
taking action by tying leadership development programs to solving important, challenging business issues
Aligning leadership development with performance assessment, feedback, coaching and succession planning; and
Assessing impact of the leadership - development process on individual behavioral changes and organizational success.
Coach, do not lead
Do not micro manage your teams
Treat colleagues as equals
Communicate, good leadership
Walk the talk
Effective Followership Competencies 1. Ability to self-manage 2. Organizational commitment 3. Integrity, credibility, and honesty 4. Competence and focus 5. Versatility 6. Job and task ownership 7. Critical problem-solving skills 8. Team player 9. Energetic and empowered