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WHAT IS ORGANIC FARMING <ul><li>Way of growing food in harmony with nature. </li></ul><ul><li>Started from vedas </li></ul...
HOW TO BE ORGANIC ? <ul><li>It include 3 synergestic steps </li></ul><ul><li>vegetable conversion  </li></ul><ul><li>anima...
METHODS IN ANIMAL HUSBANDRY <ul><li>Access to the environment. </li></ul><ul><li>Access to the pasture. </li></ul><ul><li>...
ORGANIC POULTRY <ul><li>Rearing of birds without cages </li></ul><ul><li>Outdoor access </li></ul><ul><li>Organic feed </l...
BREEDS & VARITIES <ul><li>INDIGENOUS BREEDS </li></ul><ul><li>Kadaknath ,Nicobarifowls,aseel </li></ul><ul><li>DEVELOPED V...
A SECOND PHASE IN BREEDING <ul><li>KRISHNA-J  JNKVV Jabalpur ,dwarf gene population </li></ul><ul><li>CARI-nirbeek  </li><...
KRISHIBRO VANARAJA
SWARNADARA HITCARI
UPCARI CARI-SHYAMA
NIRBHEEK CARI RAJASRI
HOUSING <ul><li>Protection,comfort temperature </li></ul><ul><li>Clean bedding ,exercise,natural behaviour </li></ul><ul><...
HOUSING <ul><li>Temporary housing of birds can be done for…. </li></ul><ul><li>Bad weather,production stage </li></ul><ul>...
PHOTOPERIODISM <ul><li>Artificial lighting is permitted.. </li></ul><ul><li>8hr lighting.. </li></ul><ul><li>Should not in...
LITTER MANAGEMENT <ul><li>Allow the bird to eat if litter is organic but most poultry litter are not. </li></ul><ul><li>Mo...
PREDATOR & RODENT CONTROL <ul><li>Poultry should be protected from predators  both indoors and out doors </li></ul><ul><li...
TREATMENT <ul><li>Vaccines are allowed. </li></ul><ul><li>Probiotics are often used. </li></ul><ul><li>Antibiotics treatme...
PARASITICIDES <ul><li>Synthetic paracitides,  </li></ul><ul><li>anticoccidials </li></ul><ul><li>Pyrethrum for mite ,garli...
FEED <ul><li>PCF (Physiologically correct feed) </li></ul><ul><li>Micro Fine - STF (Salmonella Termination Factor) </li></...
MANAGEMENT PRACTICES <ul><li>Debeaking for pecking. </li></ul><ul><li>Hanging roughages & providing it in baskets. </li></...
ORGANIC MEAT <ul><li>Higher breast drumstick %. </li></ul><ul><li>Low level of abdominal fat. </li></ul><ul><li>High WHC. ...
PPP MODEL FUTURE STRATEGY ICAR/SAU R&D PRIVATE HATCH:CHICK PROD CHICK REAR UNIT FARMERS
 
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ORGANIC POULTRY FARMING

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Transcript of "ORGANIC POULTRY FARMING"

  1. 2. WHAT IS ORGANIC FARMING <ul><li>Way of growing food in harmony with nature. </li></ul><ul><li>Started from vedas </li></ul><ul><li>live partnership with nature without exploiting it. </li></ul><ul><li>Vrikshayurveda, krishishastra,mrigasastra </li></ul><ul><li>Organic production focus on animal health and welfare good environmental practices and product quality. </li></ul>
  2. 3. HOW TO BE ORGANIC ? <ul><li>It include 3 synergestic steps </li></ul><ul><li>vegetable conversion </li></ul><ul><li>animal husbandry conversion </li></ul><ul><li>ideological conversion farmer </li></ul><ul><li>First two are technical and third is holistic /mental. </li></ul>
  3. 4. METHODS IN ANIMAL HUSBANDRY <ul><li>Access to the environment. </li></ul><ul><li>Access to the pasture. </li></ul><ul><li>Natural maintanance of shelter. </li></ul><ul><li>Avoidance of synthetic substances. </li></ul>
  4. 5. ORGANIC POULTRY <ul><li>Rearing of birds without cages </li></ul><ul><li>Outdoor access </li></ul><ul><li>Organic feed </li></ul><ul><li>Natural treatments </li></ul>
  5. 6. BREEDS & VARITIES <ul><li>INDIGENOUS BREEDS </li></ul><ul><li>Kadaknath ,Nicobarifowls,aseel </li></ul><ul><li>DEVELOPED VARITIES </li></ul><ul><li>Giriraja - From a broiler breeding programme </li></ul><ul><li>white plymoth rock,red cornish,new hampshire </li></ul><ul><li>Vanaraja- PDP , 1998 Red cornish lines </li></ul><ul><li>Gramapriya- white leghorn female line, </li></ul><ul><li>egg production,tanduri meat. </li></ul><ul><li>CARI-Gold- RIR ♂ X WL ♀ </li></ul>
  6. 7. A SECOND PHASE IN BREEDING <ul><li>KRISHNA-J JNKVV Jabalpur ,dwarf gene population </li></ul><ul><li>CARI-nirbeek </li></ul><ul><li>CARI- shyama aseel,kadaknath,naked neck, </li></ul><ul><li>UPCARI frizzle,delham red breed. </li></ul><ul><li>HITCARI </li></ul><ul><li>RAJASRI - AICRP on Poultry Breeding, Sri Venkateswara </li></ul><ul><li>veterinary university,hyderabad </li></ul>
  7. 8. KRISHIBRO VANARAJA
  8. 9. SWARNADARA HITCARI
  9. 10. UPCARI CARI-SHYAMA
  10. 11. NIRBHEEK CARI RAJASRI
  11. 12. HOUSING <ul><li>Protection,comfort temperature </li></ul><ul><li>Clean bedding ,exercise,natural behaviour </li></ul><ul><li>Stocking density: 0.14 sq.m/bird </li></ul><ul><li>No limit in no: of birds in one house. </li></ul><ul><li>Flooring should have litter for scratching by birds. </li></ul>
  12. 13. HOUSING <ul><li>Temporary housing of birds can be done for…. </li></ul><ul><li>Bad weather,production stage </li></ul><ul><li>Unhealthy </li></ul><ul><li>Chicks in brooding ages </li></ul><ul><li>Organic pullets are not provided outdor access until they are ready to lay. </li></ul>
  13. 14. PHOTOPERIODISM <ul><li>Artificial lighting is permitted.. </li></ul><ul><li>8hr lighting.. </li></ul><ul><li>Should not increase more than 16 hrs.. </li></ul>
  14. 15. LITTER MANAGEMENT <ul><li>Allow the bird to eat if litter is organic but most poultry litter are not. </li></ul><ul><li>Moisture controller like sodium bisufite are not allowed </li></ul><ul><li>Hydrated lyme can be used </li></ul><ul><li>Don’t allow the birds to graze in crops that are to be harvested within 90 days. </li></ul>
  15. 16. PREDATOR & RODENT CONTROL <ul><li>Poultry should be protected from predators both indoors and out doors </li></ul><ul><li>Electric fences for outdoor and indoor. </li></ul><ul><li>rodents - habitat reduction and physical exclusion from facilities and feed </li></ul><ul><li>Mechanical and physical methods traps, electric fences adhesives and fans. </li></ul><ul><li>cholecalciferol&sulfur dioxide as an underground smoke bomb. </li></ul>
  16. 17. TREATMENT <ul><li>Vaccines are allowed. </li></ul><ul><li>Probiotics are often used. </li></ul><ul><li>Antibiotics treatment is must not be with held if birds need </li></ul><ul><li>these birds are diverted in to non organic markets…. </li></ul>
  17. 18. PARASITICIDES <ul><li>Synthetic paracitides, </li></ul><ul><li>anticoccidials </li></ul><ul><li>Pyrethrum for mite ,garlics, </li></ul><ul><li>linseed oils,turmeric </li></ul>NO YES
  18. 19. FEED <ul><li>PCF (Physiologically correct feed) </li></ul><ul><li>Micro Fine - STF (Salmonella Termination Factor) </li></ul><ul><li>Micro Fine - H2O (pH based Water Sanitizer) </li></ul><ul><li>Only synthetic amino acid used </li></ul>SYNTHETIC METHIONINE
  19. 20. MANAGEMENT PRACTICES <ul><li>Debeaking for pecking. </li></ul><ul><li>Hanging roughages & providing it in baskets. </li></ul><ul><li>Sanitation </li></ul><ul><li>Chlorine, iodine, hydrogen peroxide,peracetic acid phosphoric acid. </li></ul><ul><li>Chlorine level not more than 4ppm </li></ul>NO
  20. 21. ORGANIC MEAT <ul><li>Higher breast drumstick %. </li></ul><ul><li>Low level of abdominal fat. </li></ul><ul><li>High WHC. </li></ul><ul><li>High cooking loss </li></ul><ul><li>High Fe,PUFA </li></ul>
  21. 22. PPP MODEL FUTURE STRATEGY ICAR/SAU R&D PRIVATE HATCH:CHICK PROD CHICK REAR UNIT FARMERS
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