Dr. Shamanthakamani Narendran M.D. (pead), Ph.D. (yoga science) YOGA FOR  INTELLECTUALLY CHALLENGED  CHILDREN
CAUSES <ul><li>Several biomedical,  </li></ul><ul><li>Sociocultural and  </li></ul><ul><li>Psychological factors.  </li></...
prenatal causes <ul><li>Metabolic conditions in the fetus like phenylketonuria, Galactosemia, Mucopolysaccharidosis.  </li...
DEVELOPMENT OF THE FETUS
Fetus
The average weight of the Indian baby at 40 weeks of pregnancy is 2,750Gms at birth.
natal factors <ul><li>Birth injuries  </li></ul><ul><li>Hypoxic, ischemic encephalopathy  </li></ul><ul><li>Intracerebral ...
postnatal factors <ul><li>Infections of the central nervous system  </li></ul><ul><li>Head injuries  </li></ul><ul><li>Pos...
New Born A healthy new born cries vigorously as soon as he is born, kicking his limbs actively, giving the greatest joy to...
<ul><li>Respiratory training – Pranayama (breathing and energy flow),  </li></ul><ul><li>Postural training – Asana (physic...
ANANDAMAYA I  A  Y  T ANANDAMAYAKOSA VIJNANAMAYAKOSA PERFECT HEALTH & KNOWLEDGE MANOMAYAKOSA STRESS IS SPEED PRANAMAYAKOSA...
INFANT STIMULATION PROGRAM PASSIVE YOGIC EXERCISES <ul><li>Infants below 3 to 4 years. </li></ul><ul><li>Children with neu...
BENEFITS  OF EACH TRAINING
RESPIRATORY TRAINING  PRANAYAMA <ul><li>Normalizes breathing rate  </li></ul><ul><li>Allows uniformity of breathing </li><...
POSTURAL TRAINING ASANAS   <ul><li>Increases the threshold of muscular excitability </li></ul><ul><li>Quicker relaxation a...
RELAXATION TRAINING  <ul><li>Increases body awareness </li></ul><ul><li>Calms the mind </li></ul><ul><li>Reduces aggressio...
CONCENTRATION TRAINING  <ul><li>Increases memory </li></ul><ul><li>Improves discipline </li></ul><ul><li>Focuses attention...
MEDITATION TRAINING  <ul><li>Silences the mind </li></ul><ul><li>Removes negative feelings </li></ul><ul><li>Increases sel...
SPECIFIC DETAILS  OF THE  YOGA TRAINING SESSIONS
Loosening exercises  <ul><li>Shake down </li></ul><ul><li>Hands stretch </li></ul><ul><li>Forward/backward bending </li></...
<ul><li>Tiger breath </li></ul><ul><li>Dog breath </li></ul><ul><li>Sighing tree “ha” </li></ul><ul><li>Lion roar (Simha G...
<ul><li>Psychic union pose (Viparita Karani) </li></ul><ul><li>Plow (Halasana) </li></ul><ul><li>Fish (Matsyasana) </li></...
<ul><li>Tree (Vrukshasana) </li></ul><ul><li>Dancer (Natarajasana) </li></ul>Balancing Asana <ul><li>Monkey - Palms to fee...
<ul><li>Cobra series ( Bhujangasana) </li></ul><ul><li>Crocodile  (Makarasana) </li></ul><ul><li>Bow (Dhanurasana) </li></...
<ul><li>Nostril Breathing (Anuloma Viloma) </li></ul><ul><li>Alternate Nostril Breathing (Nadi Shuddhi)  </li></ul><ul><li...
<ul><li>Finger focusing (Trataka) </li></ul><ul><li>Light focusing </li></ul>Focusing and gazing techniques  <ul><li>Insta...
RIGHT UPBRINGING  <ul><li>Yoga games </li></ul><ul><li>Skits </li></ul><ul><li>Story telling </li></ul><ul><li>Slokas/Devo...
Technique of asanas
Jogging Through the Jungle   <ul><li>First we will jog through the jungle. Stand up and begin jogging.  </li></ul><ul><li>...
Ride your Bumpy Camel   <ul><li>Begin by sitting with your legs crossed. Take hold of your outside ankle. This is your sad...
COBRA POSE <ul><li>Lie on your stomach. Put your hands on the floor under your shoulders. </li></ul><ul><li>Stretch your u...
ELEPHANT <ul><li>Stand up. Bend forward with your arms  </li></ul><ul><li>hanging down.  </li></ul><ul><li>Clasp your hand...
FISH POSE <ul><li>Now let’s relax like a lazy fish.  </li></ul><ul><li>Sit on or between your heels.  </li></ul><ul><li>No...
Train   <ul><li>Let’s take a train to a jungle far away from here. Sit with your legs crossed.  </li></ul><ul><li>Bring yo...
<ul><li>Keep switching arms and punching out.  </li></ul><ul><li>Listen to your breath--does it sound like train wheels? N...
Air Walk   <ul><li>Lie down on your back.  </li></ul><ul><li>Begin to walk in the air. Keep your right leg straight and li...
To Be Is To Breathe   <ul><li>One thing that everyone does is breathe.  </li></ul><ul><li>You don’t even have to think abo...
Birthday Candles   <ul><li>Sit with your legs crossed and  </li></ul><ul><li>your back straight. Breathe in deeply.  </li>...
Candle Pose   <ul><li>This is also called shoulder stand. Lie down on your back.  </li></ul><ul><li>Lift your legs and low...
<ul><li>Breathe in and out and keep straightening by walking your hands further up your back.  </li></ul><ul><li>If you ne...
Sliding Board   <ul><li>Sit with your feet in front of you and your hands in back on the floor.  </li></ul><ul><li>Breathe...
Deep Relaxation   <ul><li>Now lie down onto your back with your legs straight and arms at your sides.  </li></ul><ul><li>T...
<ul><li>As you breathe out, imagine the waves going back out to sea.  </li></ul><ul><li>Keep breathing with the waves for ...
<ul><li>Breathe and relax for a minute, allowing the seagulls to come. </li></ul><ul><li>Deep relaxation after yoga helps ...
MEDITATION <ul><li>Sit with your legs crossed or in lotus pose, and put your hands on your knees.  </li></ul><ul><li>Keep ...
<ul><li>Go on for a minute or two. Then inhale, exhale and do the same for &quot;yes&quot;.  </li></ul><ul><li>Get out all...
 
1 to 4 Months GRIP CHEST CROSS
3 to 4 Months BICYCLE
5 to 6 Months PULL-UP ELBOW STAND
7 to 8 Months TOE TO EAR WHEELBARROW
9 to 11 Months MOUNTAIN CLIMBING
12 to 22 Months LAY-BACK
TOUCH AND HUG
SQUATTING
HIP LIFT
12 to 22 Months HEAD-TO-TOES
TRAIN TRACKS
BOARD WALK
BALL TOSS
23 to 36 Months HUG YOURSELF
BALANCE BEAM WALK
BASIC PUSH-UP
ANGRY CAT
JUMP IN THE HOOP
JACK-IN-THE-BOX
TOE TOUCH
ROWING
HILL WALK
THANK YOU
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Yoga for Intellectually Challenged Children.ppt

  1. 1. Dr. Shamanthakamani Narendran M.D. (pead), Ph.D. (yoga science) YOGA FOR INTELLECTUALLY CHALLENGED CHILDREN
  2. 2. CAUSES <ul><li>Several biomedical, </li></ul><ul><li>Sociocultural and </li></ul><ul><li>Psychological factors. </li></ul><ul><li>Prenatal (during pregnancy), </li></ul><ul><li>Natal (during birth), and </li></ul><ul><li>Postnatal (after birth). </li></ul>
  3. 3. prenatal causes <ul><li>Metabolic conditions in the fetus like phenylketonuria, Galactosemia, Mucopolysaccharidosis. </li></ul><ul><li>Neurodegenerative disorders </li></ul><ul><li>Chromosomal disorders like Down's syndrome, Klinfelter syndrome </li></ul><ul><li>Tuberous sclerosis. </li></ul><ul><li>Cretinism </li></ul><ul><li>Maternal conditions like drug abuse, intrauterine infections, placental insufficiency or exposure to radiation during pregnancy. </li></ul>
  4. 4. DEVELOPMENT OF THE FETUS
  5. 5. Fetus
  6. 6. The average weight of the Indian baby at 40 weeks of pregnancy is 2,750Gms at birth.
  7. 7. natal factors <ul><li>Birth injuries </li></ul><ul><li>Hypoxic, ischemic encephalopathy </li></ul><ul><li>Intracerebral hemorrhage </li></ul>
  8. 8. postnatal factors <ul><li>Infections of the central nervous system </li></ul><ul><li>Head injuries </li></ul><ul><li>Post vaccination encephalopathies </li></ul><ul><li>Jaundice </li></ul><ul><li>Hypoglycemia </li></ul><ul><li>Hypoxia </li></ul><ul><li>Malnutrition </li></ul><ul><li>Iron deficiency </li></ul><ul><li>Child abuse </li></ul><ul><li>Autism. </li></ul>
  9. 9. New Born A healthy new born cries vigorously as soon as he is born, kicking his limbs actively, giving the greatest joy to the tired mother.
  10. 10. <ul><li>Respiratory training – Pranayama (breathing and energy flow), </li></ul><ul><li>Postural training – Asana (physical postures), </li></ul><ul><li>Relaxation training – (guided relaxation techniques), </li></ul><ul><li>Concentration training – Trataka, </li></ul><ul><li>Meditation. </li></ul>YOGA PRACTICES
  11. 11. ANANDAMAYA I A Y T ANANDAMAYAKOSA VIJNANAMAYAKOSA PERFECT HEALTH & KNOWLEDGE MANOMAYAKOSA STRESS IS SPEED PRANAMAYAKOSA PANCHA KOSHA
  12. 12. INFANT STIMULATION PROGRAM PASSIVE YOGIC EXERCISES <ul><li>Infants below 3 to 4 years. </li></ul><ul><li>Children with neurological or muscular disabilities who are unable to do active asanas </li></ul>
  13. 13. BENEFITS OF EACH TRAINING
  14. 14. RESPIRATORY TRAINING PRANAYAMA <ul><li>Normalizes breathing rate </li></ul><ul><li>Allows uniformity of breathing </li></ul><ul><li>Maximum oxygen utilization </li></ul><ul><li>Increases concentration </li></ul><ul><li>Increases sensitivity </li></ul><ul><li>Improves cognition </li></ul>
  15. 15. POSTURAL TRAINING ASANAS <ul><li>Increases the threshold of muscular excitability </li></ul><ul><li>Quicker relaxation and quicker reflexes. </li></ul><ul><li>Decreases muscular tension </li></ul><ul><li>Decreases inattention and impulsiveness </li></ul><ul><li>Increases stamina and strength </li></ul><ul><li>Increases flow of blood to the brain </li></ul><ul><li>Brain cells are stimulated </li></ul>
  16. 16. RELAXATION TRAINING <ul><li>Increases body awareness </li></ul><ul><li>Calms the mind </li></ul><ul><li>Reduces aggression </li></ul><ul><li>Reduces impulsivity </li></ul><ul><li>Improves neurotransmitter activity </li></ul>
  17. 17. CONCENTRATION TRAINING <ul><li>Increases memory </li></ul><ul><li>Improves discipline </li></ul><ul><li>Focuses attention </li></ul>
  18. 18. MEDITATION TRAINING <ul><li>Silences the mind </li></ul><ul><li>Removes negative feelings </li></ul><ul><li>Increases self-awareness </li></ul>
  19. 19. SPECIFIC DETAILS OF THE YOGA TRAINING SESSIONS
  20. 20. Loosening exercises <ul><li>Shake down </li></ul><ul><li>Hands stretch </li></ul><ul><li>Forward/backward bending </li></ul><ul><li>Side bending </li></ul><ul><li>Twisting </li></ul><ul><li>Neck rolling </li></ul><ul><li>Shoulder rolling </li></ul><ul><li>Face stretching </li></ul>
  21. 21. <ul><li>Tiger breath </li></ul><ul><li>Dog breath </li></ul><ul><li>Sighing tree “ha” </li></ul><ul><li>Lion roar (Simha Garjana) </li></ul><ul><li>Bee humming breath (Brahmari) </li></ul><ul><li>Throat breathing (Ujjay breath) </li></ul>Breathing exercises
  22. 22. <ul><li>Psychic union pose (Viparita Karani) </li></ul><ul><li>Plow (Halasana) </li></ul><ul><li>Fish (Matsyasana) </li></ul><ul><li>Shoulder Stand (Sarvangasana) </li></ul><ul><li>Headstand (Sirsasana) </li></ul>Inverted Asana
  23. 23. <ul><li>Tree (Vrukshasana) </li></ul><ul><li>Dancer (Natarajasana) </li></ul>Balancing Asana <ul><li>Monkey - Palms to feet (Padahasthasana) </li></ul><ul><li>Crescent Moon (Ardha Chandrasana) </li></ul><ul><li>Warrior Pose (Veerasana) </li></ul><ul><li>Triangle (Trikonasana) </li></ul><ul><li>Downward Dog (Adhomukha Svanasana) </li></ul>Standing Asana
  24. 24. <ul><li>Cobra series ( Bhujangasana) </li></ul><ul><li>Crocodile (Makarasana) </li></ul><ul><li>Bow (Dhanurasana) </li></ul>Prone Asana <ul><li>Camel (Ushtrasana) </li></ul><ul><li>Rabbit (Sasangasana) </li></ul><ul><li>Thunderbolt (Vajrasana) </li></ul><ul><li>Squat (Malasana) </li></ul><ul><li>Butterfly (Badhakonasana) </li></ul>Seated Asana
  25. 25. <ul><li>Nostril Breathing (Anuloma Viloma) </li></ul><ul><li>Alternate Nostril Breathing (Nadi Shuddhi) </li></ul><ul><li>Bellows Breath (Bhastrika and Kapalabathi) </li></ul><ul><li>Complete Yoga Breath / sectional breathing (Vibhagha Pranayama) </li></ul>Pranayama
  26. 26. <ul><li>Finger focusing (Trataka) </li></ul><ul><li>Light focusing </li></ul>Focusing and gazing techniques <ul><li>Instant relaxation technique </li></ul><ul><li>Deep relaxation technique </li></ul>Relaxation techniques <ul><li>OM - AAA, UUU, MMM </li></ul><ul><li>Silence </li></ul>Meditation techniques
  27. 27. RIGHT UPBRINGING <ul><li>Yoga games </li></ul><ul><li>Skits </li></ul><ul><li>Story telling </li></ul><ul><li>Slokas/Devotional songs </li></ul><ul><li>Diet and Hygiene </li></ul><ul><li>Lifestyle changes </li></ul>
  28. 28. Technique of asanas
  29. 29. Jogging Through the Jungle <ul><li>First we will jog through the jungle. Stand up and begin jogging. </li></ul><ul><li>Lift your knees high and breathe deep. </li></ul><ul><li>We are jogging through the thick green jungle. </li></ul><ul><li>Let’s keep jogging for a minute. </li></ul>
  30. 30. Ride your Bumpy Camel <ul><li>Begin by sitting with your legs crossed. Take hold of your outside ankle. This is your saddle. </li></ul><ul><li>Breathe in deeply as you stretch your </li></ul><ul><li>body forward, chest and stomach out. </li></ul><ul><li>Breathe out as you slump back, spine </li></ul><ul><li>is curved, chest is caved in. </li></ul><ul><li>Keep moving this way and get faster </li></ul><ul><li>and faster. </li></ul><ul><li>Bumpy Camel gives you a flexible spine. </li></ul><ul><li>Keeps your back muscles relaxed and </li></ul><ul><li>strong. Helps you digest your food. </li></ul>
  31. 31. COBRA POSE <ul><li>Lie on your stomach. Put your hands on the floor under your shoulders. </li></ul><ul><li>Stretch your upper body up high, with your arms straight and your stomach resting on the ground. </li></ul><ul><li>Stretch your head as far back as you can and HISS! You are a very fierce cobra snake! Keep stretching and hissing on the exhale for a minute. </li></ul><ul><li>Then breathe in and lift your tail up. Try to bring your head and tail close together. </li></ul>
  32. 32. ELEPHANT <ul><li>Stand up. Bend forward with your arms </li></ul><ul><li>hanging down. </li></ul><ul><li>Clasp your hands together, with fingers interlocked. </li></ul><ul><li>Now walk around the room, bent over, and swinging your trunk. </li></ul><ul><li>After a minute, stretch your trunk high up into the air, lean back and let out a big elephant sound like a horn! </li></ul>
  33. 33. FISH POSE <ul><li>Now let’s relax like a lazy fish. </li></ul><ul><li>Sit on or between your heels. </li></ul><ul><li>Now gently lie back so that your back and head are flat on the ground. </li></ul><ul><li>Let your arms be relaxed by your sides. </li></ul><ul><li>Breathe and feel like a cozy fish in the water. </li></ul><ul><li>Relax for a minute. </li></ul>
  34. 34. Train <ul><li>Let’s take a train to a jungle far away from here. Sit with your legs crossed. </li></ul><ul><li>Bring your arms to your sides with your elbows bent. </li></ul><ul><li>Make fists of your hands. As you punch one arm out straight in front, breathe in. </li></ul><ul><li>As you punch the other arm out, bring the first arm back to your side and breathe out powerfully through your nose. </li></ul>
  35. 35. <ul><li>Keep switching arms and punching out. </li></ul><ul><li>Listen to your breath--does it sound like train wheels? Now breathe in deeply, and breathe out, as our train arrives at it’s destination. </li></ul>
  36. 36. Air Walk <ul><li>Lie down on your back. </li></ul><ul><li>Begin to walk in the air. Keep your right leg straight and lift it up as you lift the left arm. </li></ul><ul><li>Breathe in as you lift, breathe out as your arm and leg go down. </li></ul><ul><li>Then inhale again and lift the left leg and the right arm together. Exhale down. Keep going. </li></ul><ul><li>Stretch straight up toward the sky. </li></ul><ul><li>Air Walk balances the two sides of your brain, and helps you think better. </li></ul>
  37. 37. To Be Is To Breathe <ul><li>One thing that everyone does is breathe. </li></ul><ul><li>You don’t even have to think about it--it just happens! </li></ul><ul><li>But have you ever taken a deep breath on purpose, say, to smell a beautiful rose? </li></ul><ul><li>That is called being aware of your breath. </li></ul><ul><li>When you do it often, you feel happier and more relaxed. </li></ul><ul><li>Here is a breathing exercise for you to try. </li></ul>
  38. 38. Birthday Candles <ul><li>Sit with your legs crossed and </li></ul><ul><li>your back straight. Breathe in deeply. </li></ul><ul><li>Imagine seeing your birthday cake with all its bright candles, and blow them out, breathing out strongly through the mouth. </li></ul><ul><li>As you inhale through your nose, stretch the arms up and out. </li></ul><ul><li>As you blow out strongly through your mouth, bring them back together at the center of your chest. </li></ul>
  39. 39. Candle Pose <ul><li>This is also called shoulder stand. Lie down on your back. </li></ul><ul><li>Lift your legs and lower back high into the air. </li></ul><ul><li>Support your back by putting your hands on your back near your waist with your elbows on the floor. </li></ul><ul><li>Push yourself up so that you are resting </li></ul><ul><li>on your shoulders. </li></ul><ul><li>Be a very straight candle. </li></ul>
  40. 40. <ul><li>Breathe in and out and keep straightening by walking your hands further up your back. </li></ul><ul><li>If you need help, ask someone to &quot;spot&quot; you. </li></ul><ul><li>Make sure when you come down that you roll out slowly. Inch your back down first, then your legs. </li></ul><ul><li>Exhale as you come out. (Hold for 15-30 seconds) </li></ul><ul><li>Candle Pose relaxes your stomach, heart, lungs and all your inside organs because they get to &quot;float&quot; upside down for a while. </li></ul><ul><li>Make sure to relax your shoulders and neck while in this pose. </li></ul>
  41. 41. Sliding Board <ul><li>Sit with your feet in front of you and your hands in back on the floor. </li></ul><ul><li>Breathe in and push yourself up into a kind of backwards push-up. </li></ul><ul><li>Make yourself into a perfectly straight sliding board by pushing your stomach up and point your toes away from you. </li></ul><ul><li>Sliding Board makes your arms, </li></ul><ul><li>legs, and stomach muscles strong. </li></ul>
  42. 42. Deep Relaxation <ul><li>Now lie down onto your back with your legs straight and arms at your sides. </li></ul><ul><li>The palms of your hands are facing up, and resting on the floor. </li></ul><ul><li>Close your eyes and breathe gently. </li></ul><ul><li>Imagine you are lying on the beach. </li></ul><ul><li>The warm sand feels so comfortable on your back. </li></ul><ul><li>Feel the sun warming up your whole body. </li></ul><ul><li>As you breathe in, listen! It sounds like the waves coming up to the shore. </li></ul>
  43. 43. <ul><li>As you breathe out, imagine the waves going back out to sea. </li></ul><ul><li>Keep breathing with the waves for another moment or two. </li></ul><ul><li>Now, in your open hands, imagine you have some birdseed for the seagulls. </li></ul><ul><li>Imagine the seagulls circling around you. </li></ul><ul><li>They want to come down and take the birdseed, but they feel a little afraid. Make yourself very peaceful and quiet so they will know you are a friend. </li></ul>
  44. 44. <ul><li>Breathe and relax for a minute, allowing the seagulls to come. </li></ul><ul><li>Deep relaxation after yoga helps to enhance the effects of the exercises. </li></ul><ul><li>It also promotes rejuvenation right down to the cellular level. </li></ul><ul><li>Meditation allows children to express all their negative and positive feelings. </li></ul>
  45. 45. MEDITATION <ul><li>Sit with your legs crossed or in lotus pose, and put your hands on your knees. </li></ul><ul><li>Keep your spine straight and feel like a mountain, or pyramid. Close your eyes. </li></ul><ul><li>Think of all the times you wanted to say &quot;no&quot;, and say it now. </li></ul><ul><li>Say it fast, slow, soft, loud; </li></ul><ul><li>however you feel like it. </li></ul>
  46. 46. <ul><li>Go on for a minute or two. Then inhale, exhale and do the same for &quot;yes&quot;. </li></ul><ul><li>Get out all your &quot;NOs&quot;, then all your &quot;YESes&quot;, and feel GOOD! Really let yourself feel each no and yes. </li></ul><ul><li>Get into it and go! Inhale deeply to end, then exhale and relax. Feel refreshed! </li></ul>
  47. 48. 1 to 4 Months GRIP CHEST CROSS
  48. 49. 3 to 4 Months BICYCLE
  49. 50. 5 to 6 Months PULL-UP ELBOW STAND
  50. 51. 7 to 8 Months TOE TO EAR WHEELBARROW
  51. 52. 9 to 11 Months MOUNTAIN CLIMBING
  52. 53. 12 to 22 Months LAY-BACK
  53. 54. TOUCH AND HUG
  54. 55. SQUATTING
  55. 56. HIP LIFT
  56. 57. 12 to 22 Months HEAD-TO-TOES
  57. 58. TRAIN TRACKS
  58. 59. BOARD WALK
  59. 60. BALL TOSS
  60. 61. 23 to 36 Months HUG YOURSELF
  61. 62. BALANCE BEAM WALK
  62. 63. BASIC PUSH-UP
  63. 64. ANGRY CAT
  64. 65. JUMP IN THE HOOP
  65. 66. JACK-IN-THE-BOX
  66. 67. TOE TOUCH
  67. 68. ROWING
  68. 69. HILL WALK
  69. 70. THANK YOU

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