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Any woman can develop gestational diabetes, but some women are at greater risk than are others.
Risk factors – increases:
Age . Women older than age 25 are more likely to develop gestational diabetes.
Family or personal history . Chances of developing gestational diabetes increases if a close family member, such as a parent or sibling, has type 2 diabetes. And also more likely to have gestational diabetes if presence in a previous pregnancy.
Some women worry that having gestational diabetes will cause birth defects.
Fortunately, this usually isn't the case. In general, birth defects originate during the first three months of pregnancy, while gestational diabetes generally doesn't develop until the second or third trimester.
This means the blood sugar levels are normal during the first critical months.
Most women with gestational diabetes go on to deliver healthy babies.
Untreated or uncontrolled blood sugar levels can cause problems for both the mother and newborn.
If presence of preeclampsia, doctor may want to do some blood tests to see how well the liver and kidneys are functioning and to see if the blood has the normal number of cells that help blood clot (platelets).
Doctor may also recommend close monitoring of the baby's growth – usually using ultrasound.
This test combines high-frequency sound waves and computer processing to generate pictures of the inside of the uterus.
Early and regular prenatal visits with health care provider allow this condition to be discovered early. Then carefully checked throughout the rest of the pregnancy.
Pay attention to the baby's movements. If the baby does not move very often, call the healthcare provider because the baby may be sick.
The best way – self-care – is to remain calm and follow the provider's directions. The baby may be perfectly normal. Keep all the appointments with provider. Be sure to discuss the provider if any concerns.