I hail Thee, Vyasa, again and again, Thou, God in human frame, Thou, scion of Vasistha’s ancient race, It is from Thee that all knowledge springs. urÉÉxÉÉrÉ ÌuÉwhÉÑÃmÉÉrÉ urÉÉxÉÃmÉÉrÉ ÌuÉwhÉuÉå | lÉqÉÉå uÉæ oÉë¼ÌlÉkÉrÉå uÉÉÍxÉ·ÉrÉ lÉqÉÉå lÉqÉÈ ||
The four Vedas, Rig, Yajur, Sama, and Atharva, which are believed to be vibrations in space and synthesized 5,000 years ago at the beginning of this Kali Yuga, by Bhagwan Veda Vyasa, consisted of 1,131 sakhas (recensions)
The word ‘ Veda’ , derived from the root vid (to know), indicates a vast body of sacred and esoteric knowledge concerning the eternal spiritual values revealed to the great ones called rsis (men of wisdom, sages) in the depths of their meditation.
They are revered as the basic scriptures of Hinduism.
The dates assigned by the various scholars vary as widely as 25,000 B.C. to 1000 B.C.
Udgatr-priest, the singer, was named as Sama-Veda.
The rest, a sort of miscellaneous, became the Atharva-Veda and was assigned to the Brahma-priest, considered as the supervisor over the whole sacrificial process.
The great sage Krishna Dvaipayana Vyasa effected this division by collecting all the Mantras extant during his time and editing them into four groups.
rÉxrÉ ÌlÉvuÉÍxÉiÉÇ uÉåSÉÈ | uÉåSÉãÎZÉsÉÉã kÉqÉåqÉÑsÉÇ xqÉÔÌiÉvÉÏsÉå cÉ iÉÌ²SÉqÉç | AÉcÉÉUvcÉæuÉ xÉÉkÉÔlÉÉqÉÉiqÉlÉxiÉÑÌwOûUåuÉ cÉ || uÉåSÉã ÌlÉirÉÇ AkÉÏrÉiÉÉÇ | iÉSè EÌSiÉÇ MüqÉå xuÉlÉÑwPÏrÉiÉÉÇ || Practice the Vedas daily Practice well their prescriptions - Adi Sankara He whose breath are the Vedas - Vidyaranya The entire corpus of the Veda, Smriti or the secondary remembered texts and the virtuous acts of the knowers of the Veda, the actions of holy men and what produces contentment to oneself are all rooted in dharma. - Manusmriti
Mantra Vedas are divided in another way Brahmana Samhita is the name given to the collection of the mantras Brahmana includes in itself two more sections, the Aranyaka and the Upanisad. Aranyaka teach about meditations based on symbolical interpretations liturgical rites. The Upanishad classified as philosophical treatises dealing with the ultimate problems of life.
Rgveda-Samhita is the oldest and has a preeminent place in the Vedic literature. Rgveda-Samhita 8 Astakas 64 Adhyayas 2,024 Vargas 10,552 Mantras 10 Mandalas 85 Anuvakas 1,028 Suktas 10,552 Mantras
Philosophical speculations like the origin of the universe and the real nature of human beings.
Marriage, wars of kings, eulogy of generosity.
The Vedic deities are usually enumerated as 33 8 Vasus 11 Rudras 12 Adityas, Indra, and Prajapati These deities are assigned to the 3 regions of the earth (prthvi), heavens (dyaus) and the intermediary space (antariksa). Ekam sat, viprah bahudha vadanti | Truth is one; sages call it by various names. Eka-devata-vada or monotheism and not polytheism, as is often mistakenly assumed.
Also known as Brahmaveda, since it is assigned to the Brahma-priest.
It deals more with the things here are now, than the hereafter, and with the sacrifices which are means to them.
Major part of this Veda is concerned with diseases and their cure, rites for prolonging life, rites for fulfilling one’s desires, building construction, trade and commerce, state craft, penances and propitiatory rites, as also black magic, though high philosophical ideas much nearer to those of the Upanishads.