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  • Homeostasis is the property of either an open system or a closed system , especially a living organism , that regulates its internal environment so as to maintain a stable, constant condition. Multiple dynamic equilibrium adjustments and regulation mechanisms make homeostasis possible. The concept was created by Claude Bernard , often considered as the father of physiology, and published in 1865. The term was coined in 1932 by Walter Bradford Cannon from the Greek homoios (same, like, resembling) and stasis (to stand, posture).

Hatha yoga gandhar Hatha yoga gandhar Presentation Transcript

  • Hatha Yoga A Science of Body purification and awakening of Pranic energy.
  • Hatha - Science of Body – Mind Balance
    • Ha – Pingala nadi or sun principle
    • Tha – Ida nadi or moon principle
    • Hatha is balance between Pingala and Ida
    • Nadi is Pranic Energy channel or passage
    • Pingala
    • Right nostril
    • Sun / Male principle
    • Physical Energy
    • Represents Body
    • Ida
    • Left nostril
    • Moon / female
    • Mental Energy
    • Represents Mind
  • Balance of Body & Mind
    • Imbalance of physical and mental energies is state of disease.
    • Imbalance is due to blockages in the ‘nadis’ or energy passages.
    • Aim of Hatha Yoga - Purification of this ‘nadis’ or energy passages.
  • Origin of Hatha Yoga
    • Origin in Tantras
    • Development in 6 th century AD to 15 th Century AD
    • Founded by Great Sage Matsyendranath and his disciple Gorakshanath.
    • Reference books
      • Hatha Yoga Pradipika – Swami Swatmaram
      • Gheranda Samhita – Sage Gheranda
      • Goraksha Satakam – Guru Gorakshanath
      • Shiva Samhita
      • Yoga Taravali – Sage Adi Shankaracharya
  • Contents of Hatha Yoga
    • Shatkarmas – 6 cleansing techniques
    • Asanas – body postures
    • Pranayama – control of prana / breath
    • Mudras – psychic gestures (inducing mental attitudes)
    • Bandhas – Energy locks
  • Shatkarma – Cleansing tech.
    • To remove accumulated toxins in the body.
    • Homeostasis – Balance of entire body and mind, especially the Nervous system and endocrine system.
    • Removing blockages to Nadis.
    • Awakening the psychic faculties.
  • 6 Shatkarmas
    • Neti – nasal cleansing
    • Dhouti – internal cleansing
    • Basti – yogic enema
    • Nouli – abdominal massage
    • Kapalbhati – frontal brain cleansing or cleansing of lungs
    • Trataka – cleansing of eyes
  • Asanas
    • Steady and comfortable postures
    • Aim of Asanas is to achieve healthy body and stable mind
    • 8.4 million asanas
    • Most important are 2, Padmasana (Lotus pose) & Siddhasana (Perfect or balance pose)
    • Mastery of Asana – maintaining for 3 hours in steady and comfortable way.
  • Pranayama
    • Pranayama – control & extension of prana (vital force)
    • Emotions, desires create blockages in nadis, blockages dissipates energy, aim of pranayama is to clear this blockages.
    • 8 types of pranayama in Hatha yoga.
    • Preparation - Nadi Shodhan or Anuloma Viloma or Alternate nostril breathing (purifying the Pingala & Ida)
  • Types of Pranayama
    • Surya Bhedan – right nostril breath
    • Ujjayi – Victorious breath / psychic breath
    • Sitkari – Cooling breath
    • Shitali – Cooling breath
    • Bhramari – Humming bee breath
    • Bhastrika – Bellows breath
    • Murchha – Swooning or fainting breath
    • Plavini – Gulping breath
  • Mudras & Bandhas
    • Mudras – Psychic gestures which induce a particular state of mind.
    • Bandhas – Pranic Energy locks
    • Mudras & Bandhas control the pranic energy, which is awakened with pranayama practice.
    • 10 Mudras & 3 Bandhas in Hatha Yoga
    • Janaldar Bandha – chin lock
    • Moola Bandha – root lock
    • Uddiyan Bandha – Abdominal lock