Hatha yoga

4,704 views

Published on

3 Comments
11 Likes
Statistics
Notes
No Downloads
Views
Total views
4,704
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
5
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
0
Comments
3
Likes
11
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Hatha yoga

  1. 1. Swami Muktibodhananda THE HATHA YOGA PRADIPIKA
  2. 2. CHAPTER – I : ASANA <ul><li>1. Salutations to Shiva </li></ul><ul><li>2. Purpose of hatha yoga </li></ul><ul><li>3. State of raja Yoga is unknown because of misconception </li></ul><ul><li>4. First of the hatha yogis; Matsyendranath and Gorakhnath </li></ul><ul><li>5-9. Lineage of mahasiddhas </li></ul><ul><li>10. Three types of Pain or tapa </li></ul><ul><li>11. Sadhana should be kept secret for success </li></ul><ul><li>12,13. Place of practice </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>14. Practice of sadhana devoid of mental tension, according to guru's instruction </li></ul><ul><li>15. Causes of Failure in sadhana </li></ul><ul><li>16. i. Causes of success in sadhana </li></ul><ul><li>ii & iii. Yama and niyama </li></ul><ul><li>17. Asana as the first Stage of hatha yoga </li></ul><ul><li>18. Asana as described by Vashishtha and Matsyendranath </li></ul><ul><li>19. Swastikasana (auspicious pose) </li></ul><ul><li>20. Gomukhasana (cow's Face pose) </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>21. Veerasana (hero's pose) </li></ul><ul><li>22. Koormasana (tortoise pose) </li></ul><ul><li>23. Kukkutasana (cockerel pose) </li></ul><ul><li>24. Uttankoormasana (stretching tortoise pose) </li></ul><ul><li>25. Dhanurasana (bow pose) </li></ul><ul><li>26. Matsyendrasana (spinal twist pose) </li></ul><ul><li>27. Benefits of matsyendrasana </li></ul><ul><li>28. Paschimottanasana (back stretching pose) </li></ul><ul><li>29. Benefits of paschimottanasana </li></ul><ul><li>30. Mayurasana (peacock pose) </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>31. Curative effects of mayurasana </li></ul><ul><li>32. Shavasana (corpse pose) and its benefits </li></ul><ul><li>33,34. Four major asanas of the eighty-four taught by Shiva; the excellence of siddhasana </li></ul><ul><li>35. Siddhasana (adept's pose) </li></ul><ul><li>36. Variation of siddhasana </li></ul><ul><li>37. Difference between siddhasana, Vajrasana muktasana and guptasana </li></ul><ul><li>38. Siddhasana is the most important asana </li></ul><ul><li>39. Siddhasana purifies the nadis </li></ul><ul><li>40. Perfection of sadhana takes twelve years </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>41. Perfection is attainable by siddhasana alone </li></ul><ul><li>42. Through siddhasana the bandhas occur spontaneously </li></ul><ul><li>43 No asana can rival siddhasana </li></ul><ul><li>44-47. Padmasana (lotus pose) </li></ul><ul><li>48. Method of awakening the Shakti with padmasana </li></ul><ul><li>49. Method of liberation with padmasana; explanation of maruta </li></ul><ul><li>50-52. Simhasana (lion's pose) </li></ul><ul><li>53,54. Bhadrasana (gracious pose) </li></ul><ul><li>55,56. Sequence of hatha yoga practice </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>57. Perfection after one year </li></ul><ul><li>58. Mitahara-moderate diet </li></ul><ul><li>59,60. Food which is prohibited to the hatha sadhaka </li></ul><ul><li>61. Interactions to be avoided by the hatha yogi </li></ul><ul><li>62,63. Food which is conducive to hatha sadhana </li></ul><ul><li>64. Those who can practise hatha yoga </li></ul><ul><li>65. Perfection results from practice </li></ul><ul><li>66. Neither the garb nor mere talk gives Siddhi but only practical application </li></ul><ul><li>67. Asana, pranayama, etc. should be practised until perfection or siddhi is achieved </li></ul>
  8. 9. CHAPTER – II : SHATKARMA & PRANAYAMA <ul><li>1. Being established in asana, pranayama should be practised </li></ul><ul><li>2. Interconnection of mind and Prana and their steadying through pranayama </li></ul><ul><li>3. What is life and death; the five functions of vayu </li></ul><ul><li>4. Impurities of the nadis, cleaning the middle channel </li></ul><ul><li>5. Purification of the nadis and Chakras for retention of prana </li></ul><ul><li>6. Sattwic state of mind for pranayama; the three gunas </li></ul>
  9. 10. <ul><li>7-9. Nadi shodhana pranayama (alternate nostril breathing) </li></ul><ul><li>10. Alternate nostril breathing purifies the nadis within three months </li></ul><ul><li>11. Times and duration of practice </li></ul><ul><li>12. Signs of perfected pranayama practice </li></ul><ul><li>13. Rubbing the body with perspiration </li></ul><ul><li>14. Diet and pranayama </li></ul><ul><li>15. Control of prana to prevent destruction of the force </li></ul>
  10. 11. <ul><li>16,17. Eradication of Diseases by proper practice, otherwise, bad results </li></ul><ul><li>18. Skilful control of breath leads to siddhi </li></ul><ul><li>19,20. Signs and results of purifying the nadis </li></ul><ul><li>21. Shatkarma should precede pranayama if fat and mucus are excessive </li></ul><ul><li>22. Shatkarma-six purificatory techniques </li></ul><ul><li>23. Shatkarma is secret, bringing wondrous results </li></ul><ul><li>24. Dhauti (internal cleansing) </li></ul><ul><li>25. Dhauti cures many diseases </li></ul><ul><li>26. Basti (yogic enema) </li></ul><ul><li>27,28. Curative effects of basti </li></ul>
  11. 12. <ul><li>29. Neti (nasal cleansing) </li></ul><ul><li>30. Benefits of neti </li></ul><ul><li>31. Trataka (concentrated gazing) </li></ul><ul><li>32. Curative effects of trataka </li></ul><ul><li>33. Nauli (abdominal massaging) </li></ul><ul><li>34. Benefits of nauli </li></ul><ul><li>35. Kapalbhati (frontal brain cleansing) </li></ul><ul><li>36. Freedom from the excesses of doshas through shatkarma </li></ul><ul><li>37. Some say pranayama alone removes impurities </li></ul><ul><li>38. Gaja karani (elephant Stomach cleansing) </li></ul>
  12. 13. <ul><li>39. Even Brahma and the Gods practise pranayama </li></ul><ul><li>40. When kumbhaka and shambhavi are maintained, fear of Death diminishes </li></ul><ul><li>41. Restraining the breath purifies the nadis and chakras and awakens sushumna </li></ul><ul><li>42. Manonmani (mind devoid of thought) </li></ul><ul><li>43. Practice of kumbhaka brings perfection </li></ul><ul><li>44. Names of the eight kumbhaka practices </li></ul><ul><li>45. Practice of bandha with pranayama </li></ul><ul><li>46. Maha bandha directs prana into brahma nadi </li></ul><ul><li>47. Uniting of prana and apana banishes old age </li></ul>
  13. 14. <ul><li>48,49. Suryabheda pranayama (vitality stimulating breath) </li></ul><ul><li>50. Curative effects of suryabheda pranayama </li></ul><ul><li>51,52. Ujjayi pranayama (psychic breath) </li></ul><ul><li>53. Curative effect of ujjayi pranayama </li></ul><ul><li>54. Seetkari pranayama (hissing breath) </li></ul><ul><li>55,56. Benefits of seetkari pranayama </li></ul><ul><li>57,58. Sheetali pranayama (cooling breath) </li></ul><ul><li>59-65. Bhastrika pranayama (bellows breath) </li></ul>
  14. 15. <ul><li>66,67. Benefits of bhastrika pranayama; piercing of the three granthis </li></ul><ul><li>68. Bhramari pranayama (humming Bee breath) </li></ul><ul><li>69. Moorchha pranayama (swooning breath) </li></ul><ul><li>70. Plavini pranayama (gulping breath) </li></ul><ul><li>71-74. Pranayama is of three types; kevala kumbhaka </li></ul><ul><li>75-77 Perfection of hatha yoga and raja yoga, through kevala kumbhaka </li></ul><ul><li>78. Signs of perfection in hatha yoga </li></ul>
  15. 17. CHAPTER – III : MUDRA & BANDHA <ul><li>1. Kundalini is the support of yoga practices </li></ul><ul><li>2. Guru's grace and opening of the chakras </li></ul><ul><li>3. Sushumna becomes the path of prana and deceives death </li></ul><ul><li>4. Names of sushumna </li></ul><ul><li>5. Sleeping Goddess is awakened by mudra </li></ul><ul><li>6,7. Ten mudras destroy old age </li></ul><ul><li>8. Eight major siddhis obtained by mudra </li></ul><ul><li>9. Mudras must be kept secret </li></ul>
  16. 18. <ul><li>10-13. Maha mudra (the great attitude) </li></ul><ul><li>14. Power of maha mudra </li></ul><ul><li>15. Maha mudra done an equal number of times on alternate sides </li></ul><ul><li>16. Nothing is toxic for the practitioner of maha mudra </li></ul><ul><li>17. Curative effects of maha mudra </li></ul><ul><li>18. Maha mudra must be kept secret </li></ul><ul><li>19-22. Maha bandha (great lock) </li></ul><ul><li>23. Maha bandha stops leakage from nadis </li></ul><ul><li>24. Maha bandha destroys time; unites three nadis in bhrumadhya </li></ul>
  17. 19. <ul><li>25. Necessity of maha vedha mudra for maha mudra and maha bandha </li></ul><ul><li>26-28. Maha vedha mudra (great piercing attitude) </li></ul><ul><li>29,30. Benefits of maha vedha mudra </li></ul><ul><li>31. Regulations for maha vedha mudra </li></ul><ul><li>32-36. Khechari mudra (attitude of dwelling in supreme consciousness) </li></ul><ul><li>37. Technique of khechari mudra, the centre of ether </li></ul><ul><li>38-40. Benefits of khechari mudra </li></ul><ul><li>41. Khechari mudra Means mind moving in Brahman </li></ul>
  18. 20. <ul><li>42. Khechari enables control of semen </li></ul><ul><li>43. Vajroli mudra controls semen </li></ul><ul><li>44. Through khechari the fluid of the moon is drunk and Physical death conquered </li></ul><ul><li>45. Poison does not affect one who practises khechari </li></ul><ul><li>46. Khechari maintains prana in the body </li></ul><ul><li>47. Drinking the amaravaruni through khechari </li></ul><ul><li>48. Meaning of eating 'cow's meat' in hatha yoga </li></ul><ul><li>49. Khechari produces heat, allowing nectar to flow </li></ul>
  19. 21. <ul><li>50. Nectar wards off old age and manifests siddhis </li></ul><ul><li>51. Nectar fluid releases kundalini, gives longevity, makes body as soft as a Lotus and has effect on vishuddhi </li></ul><ul><li>52. Khechari mudra Preserves nectar for perfection of body </li></ul><ul><li>53. Five nadis convene at the meru </li></ul><ul><li>54. Experience of oneness </li></ul><ul><li>55-57. Uddiyana bandha (abdominal retraction lock) </li></ul><ul><li>58,59. Benefits of uddiyana bandha </li></ul><ul><li>60. Uddiyana bandha leads to mukti </li></ul>
  20. 22. <ul><li>61-63. Moola bandha (perineum/cervix retraction lock) </li></ul><ul><li>64. Union of prana and apana, nada and bindu through moola bandha </li></ul><ul><li>65. Physical effects of moola bandha </li></ul><ul><li>66,67. Union of prana and apana intensifies Heat in the body </li></ul><ul><li>68,69. Kundalini is aroused </li></ul><ul><li>70,71. Jalandhara bandha (throat lock) </li></ul><ul><li>72. Nectar does not fall into the Fire due to jalandhara bandha </li></ul><ul><li>73. Sixteen adharas of vishuddhi are locked </li></ul>
  21. 23. <ul><li>74. Moola, jalandhara, uddiyana bandhas </li></ul><ul><li>75. Benefits of the three bandhas </li></ul><ul><li>76. The great siddhas practise these bandhas </li></ul><ul><li>77. The ambrosia or nectar is consumed </li></ul><ul><li>78,79. Vipareeta karani mudra (reversing attitude) </li></ul><ul><li>80,81. Vipareeta karani mudra, diet and practice </li></ul><ul><li>82. Benefits of vipareeta karani mudra </li></ul>
  22. 24. <ul><li>83. Anyone who practises vajroli mudra becomes a recipient of siddhis </li></ul><ul><li>84. Two requisites are difficult to obtain for vajroli mudra </li></ul><ul><li>85. A man or Woman can achieve perfection of vajroli mudra </li></ul><ul><li>86. Vajroli mudra with a catheter </li></ul><ul><li>87. Bindu (semen) should not fall into the yoni </li></ul><ul><li>88. Preservation of the bindu is life </li></ul>
  23. 25. <ul><li>89. Body becomes fragrant through preservation of bindu </li></ul><ul><li>90. Semen and mind must be controlled </li></ul><ul><li>91. Conserving the bindu and rajas </li></ul><ul><li>92-94. Sahajoli mudra (attitude of spontaneous arousing)-combining yoga and bhoga </li></ul><ul><li>95. Yoga is attained by virtuous and not selfish people </li></ul><ul><li>96, 97 Amaroli mudra (attitude arousing immortality) </li></ul><ul><li>98. After vajroli mudra, wiping a mixture of ash and semen on the body </li></ul>
  24. 26. <ul><li>99. A yogini is one who practises vajroli </li></ul><ul><li>100. By preserving rajas, bindu and nada unite </li></ul><ul><li>101. Union of bindu and rajas bestows siddhis by vajroli </li></ul><ul><li>102. A yogini conserving her rajas attains khechari </li></ul><ul><li>103. Vajroli brings liberation with bhoga </li></ul><ul><li>104. Names of kundalini shakti </li></ul><ul><li>105. Kundalini is the key to liberation </li></ul><ul><li>106,107. The sleeping shakti is the means of release from bondage </li></ul>
  25. 27. <ul><li>108. Kundalini is coiled like a snake </li></ul><ul><li>109,110. Kundalini is in the middle of ida and pingala </li></ul><ul><li>111. Kundalini when excited, rises up </li></ul><ul><li>112. Shakti chalana mudra (attitude of moving the energy) </li></ul><ul><li>113. Placement of the kanda </li></ul><ul><li>114. Kanda should be squeezed in vajrasana </li></ul><ul><li>115. Kundalini is aroused in vajrasana with bhastrika pranayama practice </li></ul><ul><li>116. Contractions of the 'sun' in manipura </li></ul>
  26. 28. <ul><li>117. Moving kundalini for an hour and a half, she enters and rises into sushumna </li></ul><ul><li>118. By practice, prana proceeds through sushumna of its own accord </li></ul><ul><li>119. Freedom from Disease through moving the kundalini regularly </li></ul><ul><li>120. Benefits of moving kundalini regularly </li></ul><ul><li>121. Method of perfection in forty days </li></ul><ul><li>122. No fear of death if bhastrika pranayama is also practised. </li></ul>
  27. 29. <ul><li>123. What other methods purify the nadis? </li></ul><ul><li>124. Sushumna is straightened through asana, pranayama, mudra and concentration </li></ul><ul><li>125. Shambhavi is the greatest mudra for bestowing perfection </li></ul><ul><li>126. There is nothing beautiful without raja yoga </li></ul><ul><li>127. Pranayama must be done with a concentrated mind </li></ul>
  28. 30. <ul><li>128. The ten mudras told by Adinath bring perfection </li></ul><ul><li>129. One who instructs mudra in the Tradition of guru, is Ishwara </li></ul><ul><li>130. The ashta siddhi are attained through mudra and through following the guru's instructions </li></ul>
  29. 32. CHAPTER – IV : SAMADHI <ul><li>1. Salutations to the Guru Shiva as nada, bindu and kalaa </li></ul><ul><li>2. The process of samadhi </li></ul><ul><li>3,4. Names of the highest state </li></ul><ul><li>5. Mind and atma unite like salt in the sea </li></ul><ul><li>6. Cessation of prana and mind in samadhi </li></ul><ul><li>7. When jivatma unites with paramatma, desires are destroyed </li></ul><ul><li>8. Jnana, mukti, sthiti and siddhi come from the guru </li></ul><ul><li>9. Guru's compassion bestows success </li></ul>
  30. 33. <ul><li>10. After kundalini is aroused, prana rests in void (shoonya) </li></ul><ul><li>11. Samadhi is Natural when kundalini is awakened and Karma freed </li></ul><ul><li>12. Destruction of karma in sushumna and the void </li></ul><ul><li>13. The mastery over time </li></ul><ul><li>14. Amaroli, vajroli and sahajoli are attained through equanimity of mind </li></ul><ul><li>15. No inner Knowledge as long as prana is active and mind uncontrolled </li></ul><ul><li>16. Kundalini is to be blocked at brahmarandhra </li></ul><ul><li>17. Sushumna consumes time, i.e. day and night, ida and pingala </li></ul>
  31. 34. <ul><li>18. Sushumna, the shambhavi shakti, alone is important of all the 72,000 nadis </li></ul><ul><li>19. Kundalini is taken up by samana vayu </li></ul><ul><li>20. Manonmani is established when prana flows in sushumna, until then all practices are laborious </li></ul><ul><li>21. Prana and mind are restrained through one another </li></ul><ul><li>22. Chitta has two causes : vasana and prana </li></ul><ul><li>23. Stillness and interdependence of mind and prana </li></ul><ul><li>24.Prana and mind are mixed like Milk and water </li></ul><ul><li>25. When one is eradicated so is the other </li></ul>
  32. 35. <ul><li>26. Mercurial properties of mind </li></ul><ul><li>27. Mercurial properties of prana </li></ul><ul><li>28. Sattwic state is created by stabilizing mind, prana and bindu </li></ul><ul><li>29. Mind rules the senses, prana rules the mind, nada rules the prana </li></ul><ul><li>30. Nada i~ liberation according to some authorities </li></ul><ul><li>31. Kevala kumbhaka precedes absorption of mind </li></ul><ul><li>32. Finishing off desires results in laya </li></ul><ul><li>33. Where the Vision is directed and concentrated, laya occurs </li></ul>
  33. 36. <ul><li>34. Characteristics of laya </li></ul><ul><li>35. Shambhavi mudra is for the blessed ones and not everyone </li></ul><ul><li>36,37. Shambhavi mudra (eyebrow centre gazing) internalizes pranic flow and mind </li></ul><ul><li>38. Shambhavi and khechari both create ecstasy </li></ul><ul><li>39. Perfection of shambhavi leads to unmani </li></ul><ul><li>40. Confusion created by intellectual knowledge </li></ul><ul><li>41. Nasikagra drishti and suspension of ida and pingala </li></ul><ul><li>42. 'Worship' of the shivalingam </li></ul>
  34. 37. <ul><li>43. Khechari mudra is perfected when sushumna flows </li></ul><ul><li>44. Khechari is established when prana is in shoonya </li></ul><ul><li>45. Khechari stimulates vyoma chakra </li></ul><ul><li>46. Sushumna's opening should be filled by the tongue; in the moon's flow is Shiva </li></ul><ul><li>47. Raja yoga form of khechari also results in unmani </li></ul><ul><li>48. Bhrumadhya is the place of Shiva and realm of turiya </li></ul>
  35. 38. <ul><li>49. Yoga nidra through khechari </li></ul><ul><li>50. Unsupported mind is like a pot in space </li></ul><ul><li>51,52. Suspension of breath and stilling of mind </li></ul><ul><li>53. When the body is filled with nectar it becomes superior </li></ul><ul><li>54. Centring the mind and shakti </li></ul><ul><li>55. Centring the atma in Brahma </li></ul><ul><li>56. Shoonya within and without </li></ul><ul><li>57. Being devoid of thought </li></ul><ul><li>58. The world is the fabrication of thought </li></ul>
  36. 39. <ul><li>59. Mind dissolves in samadhi </li></ul><ul><li>60. Knower, known and knowing merged </li></ul><ul><li>61. Duality dissolves with dissolution of mind </li></ul><ul><li>62. Dissolution of mind results in kaivalya </li></ul><ul><li>63. There are various methods to attain samadhi </li></ul><ul><li>64. Salutations to sushumna, kundalini, amrita, manonmani, shakti, atma </li></ul><ul><li>65. Concentration on nada as told by Gorakhnath </li></ul>
  37. 40. <ul><li>66. Nada anusandhana leads to laya </li></ul><ul><li>67,68. Nada anusandhana-exploration of sound </li></ul><ul><li>69. Four stages of Yogic practice and hearing the nada </li></ul><ul><li>70,71. Arambha avastha (beginning stage) </li></ul><ul><li>72,73. Ghata avastha (vessel stage) </li></ul><ul><li>74,75. Parichaya avastha (stage of increase) </li></ul>
  38. 41. <ul><li>76. Nishpatti avastha (stage of consummation) </li></ul><ul><li>77. Raja yoga is the state of Ishwara tattwa </li></ul><ul><li>78. Through laya there is pleasure even if there is no liberation </li></ul><ul><li>79. Practice of hatha yoga without realization of raja yoga is unfruitful </li></ul><ul><li>80. Intellectual brilliance is unnecessary for practice of shambhavi mudra and nada yoga </li></ul>
  39. 42. <ul><li>81. Plenitude of Ecstasy through samadhi attained by nada anusandhana </li></ul><ul><li>82. By practising yoni mudra, nada is heard and stillness achieved </li></ul><ul><li>83. External awareness subsides when listening to nada, within fifteen days the pleasure is felt </li></ul><ul><li>84. Prominent nadas heard </li></ul><ul><li>85-87. Types of nada perceived </li></ul><ul><li>88. Listen only to the deep and more subtle sounds </li></ul><ul><li>89. Mind adheres to nada and merges with it </li></ul>
  40. 43. <ul><li>90. Mind ceases to crave sensual experience when absorbed in nada </li></ul><ul><li>91. Nada subdues the roaming mind and controls the senses </li></ul><ul><li>92. Mind absorbed in nada becomes immobile </li></ul><ul><li>93. One who desires yoga should listen to nada </li></ul><ul><li>94. Nada is like a net which snares and slays the mind </li></ul><ul><li>95. Nada is like a bolt which locks the mind </li></ul><ul><li>96. Nada is like Sulphur which solidifies the mercurial mind </li></ul>
  41. 44. <ul><li>97. Mind becomes hypnotized like a captivated Snake when it hears nada </li></ul><ul><li>98. Mind is burnt by nada </li></ul><ul><li>99. Mind is attracted to nada, like a deer to music </li></ul><ul><li>100. The essence of nada is consciousness, i.e. Vishnu </li></ul><ul><li>101. Akasha tattwa exists as long as nada is heard </li></ul><ul><li>102. Sound is shakti and dissolves in consciousness </li></ul><ul><li>103. Hatha yoga and laya yoga are the means to raja yoga </li></ul>
  42. 45. <ul><li>104. Tattwa is the seed, hatha yoga the soil, desirelessness the water, so unmani, the kalpa vriksha, sprouts forth </li></ul><ul><li>105. Concentration on nada burns 'bad karma' </li></ul><ul><li>106. During unmani the body becomes immobile and not even the nada is heard </li></ul><ul><li>107. One who is beyond the three states of mind, freed of thought and appears dead, is liberated </li></ul><ul><li>108. In samadhi a Yogi is unaffected by time, karma, or any influence </li></ul><ul><li>109. In samadhi there is neither Sense nor Ego perception </li></ul>
  43. 46. <ul><li>110. The liberated one is neither asleep nor awake, neither conscious nor unconscious </li></ul><ul><li>111. In samadhi there is no dual experience </li></ul><ul><li>112. One who seems asleep but is awake, who is healthy but without breath, is liberated </li></ul><ul><li>113. In samadhi a yogi is unaffected by weapons, people, mantra and yantra </li></ul><ul><li>114. One who speaks about Spiritual knowledge but has not activated sushumna, steadied his bindu or achieved spontaneous meditation, utters false words </li></ul>

×